International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ijest <p><em>International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology</em> (IJEST) - an E-journal is an international peer-reviewed, electronic, online journal published by MultiCraft. The aim and scope of the journal is to provide an academic medium and an important reference for the advancement and dissemination of research results that support high-level learning, teaching and research in the fields of engineering, science and technology. IJEST publishes articles that emphasizes research, development and application within the fields of engineering, science and technology. Original theoretical work and application-based studies, which contributes to a better understanding of engineering, science and technological challenges, are encouraged. All manuscripts are pre-reviewed by the editor, and if appropriate, sent for blind peer review. Contributions must be original, not previously or simultaneously published elsewhere, and are critically reviewed before they are published. Papers, which must be written in English, should have sound grammar and proper terminologies.</p><p>Papers are published in IJEST based on the outcomes of the peer-review processes and no article processing fees or publication fees are charged; it is free to publish in IJEST.</p><p>Other sites related to this journal: <a title="https://ijest1-ng.com/" href="https://ijest1-ng.com/" target="_blank"><cite class="gmail-iUh30">https://ijest1-ng.com/</cite></a></p> MultiCraft Limited en-US International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology 2141-2820 Copyright belongs to the journal Fuzzy algorithm implementation in microcontroller for DC motor control https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ijest/article/view/217346 <p>In industrial automation, motor control technique plays the vital role. Motor consists of inductor or electromagnet. Causing inductor or electromagnet, magnetic inductions are produces which resists any change of motor speed. Hence, according to set point, precise speed control is challenging. However, using various control technique can be controls the speed of DC motor. The aim of the present paper is to implement hardware and control the speed of DC motor using embedded fuzzy logic. Set point have been applied externally and recorded the speed of motor through opto-isolator sensor module. In the hardware of DC motor control keypad, 2x16 LCD, DC motor driver and opto-isolator module are interfaced to PIC microcontroller. The Fuzzy algorithm is embedded in the microcontroller wherein input fuzification signals ‘error (Δe)’ and ‘change in error (e(n))’ and output fuzification signal ‘PWM’. The both of inputs of fuzzy algorithm are varied and record output of fuzzy algorithm which is PWM. Moreover, the hardware implementation has been tested for real time control of DC Motor.</p> K. D. Atar C. B. Patil R. R. Mudholkar Copyright (c) 2021-11-14 2021-11-14 13 3 1 9 10.4314/ijest.v13i3.1 Preloading system with partially penetrating vertical drains in marine soft clays in Egypt: 2D and 3D comparative FE study https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ijest/article/view/217347 <p>A large-scale trial embankment provided with partially penetrating prefabricated vertical drains (PVD) was installed in consolidating marine clay deposits at East-Port said industrial zone project in Egypt. The trial embankment was constructed with a bottom area of 150x150m and a height of 5.5m to evaluate the efficiency of the improvement system and verify the design parameters. An intensive instrumentation system was built-up including shallow settlement indicators, vibrating wire piezometers, extensometer, and inclinometers. Two and three-dimensional finite element analyses (FE) were performed to study the effect of the preloading system provided with partially PVD in consolidating marine clay deposits. FE models were validated and showed good agreement with the field observations in terms of vertical displacement of embankment center, and lateral soil deformation beneath the embankment toe.</p> Ahmed M. Abouhashem Alaa El-Din A. El-Gendy Mohamed H. Rabie Mohamed A. Mostafa Copyright (c) 2021-11-14 2021-11-14 13 3 10 22 10.4314/ijest.v13i3.2 Studies on friction behaviour of aluminium AA4032 alloy during forging using ring compression test https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ijest/article/view/217348 <p>In metal forming, friction has a negative effect on the deformation load &amp; energy requirements, homogeneity of metal flow, quality of formed surfaces, etc.; however, its effect can be reduced through the use of proper lubricants. Mostly, in industrial applications, selection of proper lubricant for specific material is challenging and quantification of magnitude of friction at diework piece interface is essential. Hence, for metallic alloys, a realistic friction factor is needed to be known and used at the diework piece interface for better control of deformation process. Thus, this research, generally, aims at experimental investigation of the friction behavior of aluminum AA4032 alloy and selection of suitable lubricant for its effective processing using ring compression test and finite element (FE) simulations. Meanwhile, the effect of metal surface conditions and different lubricants namely palm oil, grease, emulsion oil and dry conditions on the friction behaviour has been evaluated. A commercial FEM software, DEFORM 3D, is used to analyze the flow of metal, determine the geometry changes of the specimen and generate friction calibration curves. The results revealed that the nature of metal surface and lubricating conditions have significantly affected the metal flow pattern, deformation load requirement, induced effective stress and strain, and geometry of the metal. The friction factor at die-work piece is determined for different lubricating conditions. Among lubricants employed, palm oil is found to be suitable and effective for industrial processing of aluminium AA4032 alloy, specifically for forging. The FE simulation results are in a good agreement with the experimental one.</p> Desalegn Wogaso Mohammed Hamda Copyright (c) 2021-11-14 2021-11-14 13 3 23 36 10.4314/ijest.v13i3.3 Measuring capabilities of zero-inflated processes https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ijest/article/view/217349 <p>The high-quality processes usually have more count of zeros than are expected under chance variation of its underlying Poisson or other count distribution. Therefore, these processes are usually referred to as zero-inflated processes. The zeroinflated processes are commonly modelled by zero-inflated Poisson (ZIP) or zero-inflated negative binomial (ZINB) distribution. In a manufacturing set up, the evaluation of process capability index of a zero-inflated process can be useful in many ways, e.g. i) predicting how well the process will hold the specifications, ii) selecting between competing vendors, and iii) assisting product developers/designers in modifying the process, etc. However, researchers have given very little attentions on this aspect of zero-inflated processes. Only one such attempt is reported in literature. But, it does not always represent the true capabilities of zero-inflated processes, and sometimes it may give very misleading impression about the capability of the concerned process. In this article, the concept of Borges and Ho (2001) is applied to zero-inflated processes and a new approach for computation of process capability index of zero-inflated processes is developed. The proposed method reveals the true capabilities of zero-inflated processes consistently. Application of the proposed approach and its effectiveness are illustrated using two datasets published by past researchers.</p> Surajit Pal Susanta Kumar Gauri Copyright (c) 2021-11-14 2021-11-14 13 3 37 48 10.4314/ijest.v13i3.4 A framework analysis approach of an indoor air quality sensor https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ijest/article/view/217350 <p>Killing around 7 million people a year, air pollution is the biggest risk to environmental health in the world. In this paper, we explore the use of structuring knowledge representation in form of a framework approach for an indoor air quality sensor. Applying the main steps to be considered in defining an air quality framework, we discuss each one of them, followed by a particular implementation of the framework in terms of an ontology model to exposure to carbon monoxide and PM10.5 (two of the most encountered pollutants in home life).</p> I.O. Lixandru-Petre Copyright (c) 2021-11-14 2021-11-14 13 3 49 54 10.4314/ijest.v13i3.5