Utilization of modern contraceptives among female traders in Jos South LGA of Plateau state, Nigeria

  • EA Envuladu
  • HA Agbo
  • A Mohammed
  • L Chia
  • JH Kigbu
  • AI Zoakah
Keywords: Modern contraceptive, awareness, utilization, female, traders


Background: Contraceptive use is seen as pivotal to protecting women’s health and rights, contraception when accepted and used by majority of women in any given community has been shown to reduce unwanted pregnancy, high parity and consequently maternal mortality. Aim: The study aimed at determining the level of awareness, utilization, preferred methods of contraceptives and factors affecting contraceptive use among female traders of Jos south Local government area of Plateau state. Materials and methods: The study was a cross sectional descriptive study that was carried out among female traders within reproductive age group who were not pregnant and consented for the study. Data was generated using a semistructured interviewer’s administered questionnaire. Result: Two hundred and twelve women were interviewed, their ages ranged from 15-49 years with a mean age of 30+ 3.72. Majority (69.3%) were married. The level of awareness of modern contraceptives was high (93.4%) and the most popular contraceptive methods were male condom (95.5%), injectable (87.4%) and oral contraceptives pills (85.9%) while the unpopular methods were female condom (40.4%), cervical diaphragm (17.5%), cervical cap (12.1%) and spermicides (12.6%). The prevalence of modern contraceptive utilization was 51.9% while 102 (48.1%) were not using any form of contraceptives. Factors found to be associated with contraceptive use among the female traders included marital status (p<0.0001), religion (p<0.0001), education (p=0.048) and parity (p=0.0003). Conclusion: The use of modern contraceptives has remained low despite the high level of awareness of the modern contraceptives among the female traders. Health education on the importance of the use of modern contraceptives should be given to female traders to encourage the use among them. Keywords: Modern contraceptive, awareness, utilization, female, traders

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2315-5019
print ISSN: 2277-0941