Prevalence of pediculosis in selected rural areas of Imo State, Nigeria
A study of the prevalence of Pediculus capitis (Head lice) was carried out at some selected primary schools in the rural areas of Imo-State, Nigeria. Infestation was diagnosed by direct inspection of the hair and scalp for the presence of adult head lice, nymph or nits (eggs). A total number of 2080
pupils were examined; out of which 208 (10%) were infected with head lice. The prevalence varied across the communities, sex and age groups. In all the schools surveyed, female pupils had the highest prevalence of pediculosis. Infestation also increased with age in both male and female pupils. The public health significance in relation to the infestation of head lice on primary school pupils was highlighted. Possible measure for controlling and preventing pediculosis like initiating a screening program by school administrators in the first week school resumption in September are discussed.
Keywords: Pediculosis, head lice, school pupils, rural areas, Nigeria