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Tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS dual infection: A Case study for Bugando and Sekou-Toure hospitals in Mwanza, Tanzania

ME Massawe, VK Byemelwa

Abstract


Tuberculosis and HIV coinfection is common worldwide, including Tanzania. This study aimed at depicting the situation at Bugando Medical Centre and Sekou-Toure Hospital in Mwanza Region. The TB registers and the HIV registers were analysed for cases recorded for the period between 1st January 2008 and 3rd December 2008 inclusive. A total of 485 cases were recorded in the TB registers and HIV/AIDS registers of both hospitals. Males were 277 (57%) and females were 208 (43%). Among the TB cases, 219 (44%) were smear positive, 177 (36.4) were smear negative, and 99 (20.4%) were extrapulmonary tuberculosis. A total of 479 (99%) cases had their HIV test results recorded. The HIV positive cases were 244 (51%).
Dual infection: The proportion of TB cases also having HIV/AIDS infection was 51%. The cure rate of smear positive, HIV positive cases was 71%; the cure rate of smear positive, HIV negative case was 85%.The mortality rate of HIV positive TB cases was 11%, the mortality of HIV negative TB cases was 2%.



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