Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 2023-07-24T16:42:40+00:00 Publishing Manager Open Journal Systems <a href="" target="_blank">The journal</a> is an initiative of the Phenomenology Research Group based at Edith Cowan University, South West Campus, in Western Australia and Rhodes University in South Africa, where there had been a long-established phenomenological tradition.<br /><br />The Phenomenology Research Group is a circle of postgraduate scholars who have a range of research interests which cross a broad spectrum of areas including education, health, religion, business, tourism, counselling and psychology. The journal is published by NISC SA (<a href="" target="_blank">IPJP on NISC</a>) and has its own website online here: <a title="" href="" target="_blank"></a> Foucault and Governmentality: Living to Work in the Age of Control 2023-07-24T16:38:26+00:00 Charles Villet <p>No abstract</p> 2023-07-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 It’s a journey… Emerging adult women’s experiences of spiritual identity development during postgraduate psychology studies in South Africa 2023-07-24T06:05:00+00:00 Luzelle Naudé Lara Fick <p>The spiritual identity development of six South African, emerging adult, female, postgraduate psychology students (21 to 22 years old) was explored using reflective writing exercises and individual interviews. Interpretative phenomenological analysis revealed that spiritual identity exploration occurs continuously across the lifespan, with optimal opportunities for deepened development during emerging adulthood. Development happens in context and is enhanced by the postgraduate psychology training experience, as well as exposure to spiritual and religious diversity. Reflections on challenging events result in sophisticated meaning-making processes regarding purpose in life, as well as the authoring of a spiritual life story. There is an intricate and reciprocal relationship between the development of a spiritual identity and the psychology profession – spirituality, values and worldviews can be regarded as important aspects of the therapeutic process for many individuals.</p> 2023-07-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Panopticism, impartial spectator and digital technology 2023-07-24T15:39:51+00:00 Mark Rathbone <p><em>Panopticism</em> is Michel Foucault’s term for the internalisation of surveillance and cultural control that is closely linked to the panopticon or surveillance architecture (associated with prisons) of Jeremy Bentham during the 18th and 19th centuries. The purpose of this article is to argue that Adam Smith’s concept of the impartial spectator provides an alternative perspective of internal surveillance that may enhance moral development and resistance to oppressive forms of control. For Smith, this is established through analogical imagination that is used for self-observation to enhance prudent behaviour. The impartial spectator and its resistance to totalitarian behaviour is specifically relevant in contemporary society because of the dominant role of digital technology and scandals that have exposed digital media as participating in digital forms of surveillance, digital personae, artificial intelligence and control. It will also be highlighted that digital surveillance is closely connected to the capitalism that has infiltrated all domains of society, from socio-personal relationships to the workplace.</p> 2023-07-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Living locked down – An autoethnographic approach to strategies of adaption to confined living in north Hesse, Germany 2023-07-24T16:08:31+00:00 Floris Bernhardt <p>Based on autoethnographic observations and phenomenological descriptions of everyday life, this article<br>develops a theory about the connection between challenging housing experiences and the lockdown situation during the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany. A special focus is placed on living in community, i.e. living permanently together with other people. The reorganisation of spatial routines and the bundling of these in the flat led to the development of new methods of everyday life in terms of work, leisure and social behaviour. With the addition of theoretical role considerations, it is shown that the central challenge of life in the lockdown presents itself as a spatial crisis of role fulfilment.</p> 2023-07-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Therapeutic tool or a hindrance? A phenomenological investigation into the experiences of countertransference in the treatment of sexually abused children 2023-07-24T16:14:30+00:00 Tshepo Tlali <p>Since its inception in the 1900s, the concept of countertransference has been mired in controversy. Psychoanalytic literature is divided on its utility, significance and its clinical value in psychotherapy. While some psychotherapists have advocated for the importance of therapists’ expertise in the comprehension and processing of countertransference dynamics in the treatment of sexually abused children, others see no value in competency in countertransference in trauma treatment of sexually abused children. The purpose of this article is to explore whether countertransference is a useful therapeutic tool, or a hindrance in the treatment of sexually abused children. A qualitative paradigm, particularly interpretative phenomenology, was employed in this research to make meaning of the therapists’ experiences. The analysis of the results revealed the following five main themes that were supported by 18 superordinate themes. These themes reveal that therapists treating sexually abused children experience a myriad of feelings, including a) feeling emotionally overwhelmed, b) anger toward perpetrators and the need to protect and rescue their patients, c) the importance of social support and self-healing, d) feelings of empathy and identification with the client, and e) erotic countertransference. These findings reveal two contradictory findings. Firstly, they tell of variable utilisation of countertransference among participants and, secondly, they highlight a lack of application of countertransference in the treatment of sexually abused children. The implications of the current study are that thereis a need to both highlight the importance of countertransference as a therapeutic tool and to incorporate it in the treatment of sexually abused children.</p> 2023-07-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 From otium to opium (and back again?): Lockdown’s leisure industry, hyper-synchronisation and the philosophy of walking 2023-07-24T16:23:46+00:00 Helen-Mary Cawood Mark J. Amiradakis <p>This article provides an account of the cultural changes induced by the pandemic, and draws on the tradition of critical theory (especially the work of Horkheimer and Adorno, and Fromm) and the work of Bernard Stiegler to critically assess their impact. It is argued that the rise of online forms of consumption based around streaming have had a deleterious impact on the critical faculties of the individual, and argues that the practice of walking – as proposed by Frederic Gros – could potentially provide a remedy to the problems caused by the increase of uncritical cultural consumption. In this respect, it provides an original account of the relevance of both the tradition of critical theory and the work of Stiegler to the pandemic, together with providing a discussion around the act of walking as an active measure that one can implement in one’s life to counteract and (hopefully) overcome the detrimental effects that the commodification of leisure time has fostered during the pandemic.&nbsp;</p> 2023-07-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Fusing the horizons between aspirations of continuing professional development and the realities of educators’ experiences in practice: Interpretative hermeneutic phenomenology in early childhood education 2023-07-24T16:30:47+00:00 Sharon Skehill <p>This article presents an argument for the use of interpretative hermeneutic phenomenology as an insightful and innovative methodology for research in early childhood education. In providing guidance for the use of this methodology, this article will focus on a doctoral study investigating preschool teachers’ experiences of engagement with a continuing professional development (CPD) programme aimed to inform their pedagogical practice. The CPD programme focused on promoting and supporting inclusive pedagogy, practice and culture in the early education setting. The research study considered the phenomenon of engagement with the programme on participants’ perceptions and practices of inclusion with the emphasis on their “lived experience” working in practice with young children. Findings from the research, validated by the philosophical principles of Heidegger, illustrate the importance of consideration of participants’ individual contextual realities when addressing teacher education through acknowledgment of other perspectives that influence the effectiveness of the learning experience. The professional identity of the early years’ educator and societal perception of this role is presented as having a direct influence on participants’ engagement with the CPD programme. Interpretive phenomenology and the hermeneutic principles underpinning this approach are presented here as central to understanding the professional role and the subsequent development of effective teacher education in the early years.</p> 2023-07-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023