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Journal of African Association of Physiological Sciences

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Sickle erythrocytes enhance phenylephrine and histamine contractions of isolated rabbit carotid arteries

S.O. Azubuike-Osu, O.I. Ajayi, A.B. Ebeigbe

Abstract


The  mechanisms  of  altered  vascular  reactivity  induced  by  sickle  erythrocyte-endothelium interaction   remain  unclear. The  goal  of  the  present  study was  to  examine,  comparatively the influence of sickle erythrocyte on contractile responses induced by phenylephrine and histamine. Concentration-dependent contractile responses were examined in control rabbit carotid artery rings as well as in rings exposed for 30 min to various erythrocyte components obtained from subjects of different haemoglobin (Hb) genotypes (AA, AS and SS), under standard  organ  bath  conditions,  as  described  previously:  2  mm  arterial  rings  preparations were placed in 20ml organ baths containing physiological salt solution (PSS) bubbled with 95% O2, 5% CO2, at 37oC and pH 7.4 and isometric contractions measured, under an initial load of 2g. Arterial rings were equilibrated for 60 minutes and then exposed to 50µl of each of the erythrocyte constituents at an adjusted haematocrit of 0.6. The respective EC50 (M) values for phenylephrine (PE) and histamine (H) contractions in control carotid arterial rings were 5.1 (±1.4) x10-6 (n=7) and 6.3± (1.7) x10-5 (n=11). PE contractions were uninfluenced by Hb SS RBCs but significantly enhanced by RBCs from Hb AA and AS subjects: EC50 (M) = 7.3 (±6.6) x10-7, n=6 and 2.5 (±2.3) x 10-6, n=6 respectively. H contractions were significantly enhanced by only RBCs from Hb AS and SS subjects: EC50 values for H is 4.1 (±2.0) x 10-5, n=6 and 4.6 (± 2.1) x 10-5, n=7 respectively. The EC50 ratios for PE contractions following exposure to erythrocytes from Hb AA and AS subjects (6.94 and 2.032) respectively are greater than for H contractions following exposure to erythrocytes from Hb AA, AS subjects (0.971, 1.563) respectively, P<0.05. These ratios show greater enhancement of PE contractions in the order AA RBC > AS RBC. SS RBC did not significantly alter PE contractions but significantly enhanced H contractions. The greater RBC-induced enhancement of histamine contractions, compared with phenylephrine (in AS and SS), suggests a possible role for histamine in the increased vascular tone and vaso-occlusive crisis in sickle cell disease.




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