Institutional Factors Influencing Crop Farmers Adoption of Recommended Agrochemical Practices in Nigeria
This study examined the institutional factors influencing adoption of recommended agrochemical practices (RAPs) among crop farmers in Nigeria. A total of 260 crop farmers who have sustained the use of agrochemicals for at least five years were selected for the study using multi-stage sampling technique. Data were collected using pretested, structured interview schedule. Descriptive statistics (mean and percentages) and inferential statistics (multiple regression) were used for data analysis. The average number of extension visits to farmers was 5 per year. More than 50% of crop farmers in Kaduna State were not visited in the last one year by extension agents. The majority (69.6%) of the crop farmers had not received any training on the use of agrochemical since three years before the interview. Personal savings was the most major source of fund available to the majority of the crop farmers recording a weighted mean of 2.82. The majority (78.5%) received ≤ ₦100,000/annum. Adoption of RAPs was positively and significantly influenced by degree of exposure to training. This study therefore, recommends that regular training on the use of agrochemical should be organized for farmers by extension agencies in collaboration with relevant stakeholders. Also, all forms of communication through the print and electronic media should be used by extension agencies in appealing to farmers to enhance adoption of RAPs.
Key words: Agrochemical practices, Adoption of crop protection.