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Climate change adaptation needs of male and female oil palm entrepreneurs in Edo State, Nigeria

M.J. Koyenikan
O Anozie


This study assessed gender dimension to climate change adaptation practice (CCAP) needs of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) farmers in Edo State, Nigeria. A multistage process involving random and snow ball techniques were used to draw 120 respondents from 14 communities. Data were collected with the aid of a questionnaire and analyzed using frequency count, means, percentages and t-test. Findings show that oil palm farming was dominated by males (78.3%). 47.5% of the respondents had a farm size of <4ha and a total mean family size of 6 persons. Males (77.5-99.3%) were highly involved in on-farm and females (48.3-71.7%) in off-farm oil palm activities The CCAP considered relevant included appropriate spacing ( x̄ =2.99), agro forestry (x̄ = 2.79) and soil enrichment ( x̄ =2.62). Major challenges to accessing relevant CCAP included inadequate capital ( x̄ = 2.86) and poor extension service ( x̄ =2.60). Training needs were indicated by females mostly in marketing forecast ( x̄ =3.00), palm oil storage ( x̄ =2.91) maintenance of equipment ( x̄ =2.89) while for males, spacing ( x̄ =2.94), equipment maintenance ( x̄ =2.91) and soil enrichment ( x̄ =2.91). Significant difference existed between male and female respondents ( 24.65< 27.96) with respect to training needs on climate change adaptation oil palm post-harvest practices. The study concludes that capacities be built on climate change adaptation practice needs indicated and also women should be targeted more in post-harvest skill development since they are the key players in oil palm post-harvest.

Keywords: climate change adaptation, male and feamel needs, oil palm in Nigeria

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eISSN: 2408-6851
print ISSN: 1119-944X