Adoption of improved maize varieties in northern Guinea Savannah of Borno State, Nigeria

  • Ibrahim Mohammed Kadafur
  • Yusuf Lawal Idrisa
  • Abbas Shehu
Keywords: Adoption, improved maize, guinea savannah


This study examined the adoption of improved maize varieties in northern Guinea Savanna of Borno State. Primary data were collected by using structured interview schedule. Two hundred maize farmers were systematically selected from. Percentage and logit were used for data analyses. Overall adoption rate was 89.0%. Coefficient of socio-economic and institutional factors such as extension contact (0.0360), farm size (0.2319), education level (0.0460), access to credit (0.6363) and age (0.7619) were found to be significant (P≤0.01) and positively influencing adoption of improved maize varieties. Household size (0.2708) and income level (0.3285) were also significant (P≤0.05) and positively related to likelihood of adoption of improved maize varieties. Non-availability of technology (99%), high cost of technology (92%) and high cost of labour (88%) were the major constraining factors to adoption of improved maize varieties. Community seed production should be encouraged and promoted to facilitate easy access to improved seeds by farmers. The extension system should be strengthened, a policy, which provides adequately trained and equipped extension workers for disseminating extension messages to farmers, re-strengthening of community based organizations and seed companies to introduce labour saving tools like planters and harvesters etc.

Keywords: Adoption; improved maize; guinea savannah


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2408-6851
print ISSN: 1119-944X