Adoption of bio-security measures against avian-influenza outbreaks among poultry farmers in Jigawa State, Nigeria
The study examined the adoption of selected bio-security measures against avian-influenza (HPAI-A/H5N1) outbreaks among poultry farmers in Jigawa State, Nigeria. A total of 120 respondents selected through a multistage sampling procedure was used for the study. Structured questionnaire was used to elicit information from the respondents. Data collected were subjected to percentages, mean and binary regression. The study revealed that the high level of adoption on biosecurity measures of segregation and traffic control (x̄ =2.82), medium level of adoption for cleaning (x̄ =2.440) and low level of adoption for disinfection of the standard bio-security components (x̄ =1.290). There was a positive and significant relationship between some socio-economic characteristics (age, average monthly income, farming experience and membership of social group) and adoption of bio-security measures of poultry farmers. Constraints to adoption of biosecurity measure poultry tension/veterinary contact, lack of buffer areas (x̄ =3.21) around the farm site and inadequate access to fund (x̄ =3.21). Provision of accessible and affordable credit facilities by government to poultry farmers, and extension agents should intensify more effort on continuous training and constant veterinary services for poultry farmers in the study area towards increased capability to eradicate the negative effect of this acute and highly contagious viral disease on their means of livelihood.
Keywords: Adoption of bio-security, avian-influenza, outbreak, poultry farmers
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