Livestock farming is an important source of animal based food products and income in Nigeria. To improve livestock production in the country, technologies such as artificial insemination have to be understood and transferred properly by Livestock Extension Agents (LEA) to farmers for proper adoption. This technology has been applied for some years in a number of countries using the appropriate extension approaches. Advantages claimed for the practice are the lessening of the risk of spread of disease in livestock, reduction in sterility and increase in fertility, facilitation of improvement in quality, and economy in livestock management. Against this background this paper highlights the benefits of AI technology, factors limiting against AI program in Nigeria, suggest the appropriate extension methods for disseminating the technology and suggest strategies that should be put in place to make AI technology sustainable in livestock production for increased productivity.
Keywords: artificial insemination (AI), technology, livestock, Nigeria.