Application of Esterified Ogbono Shell Activated Biomass as an Effective Adsorbent in the Removal of Crude Oil layer from Polluting Water Surface

  • D.O. Onwu
  • O.N. Ogbodo
  • N.C. Ogbodo
  • T.O. Chime
  • B.C. Udeh
  • S.O. Egbuna
  • M.I. Onoh
  • C.O. Asadu
Keywords: Biomass waste, Ogbono Shell, Adsorption, Crude oil removal


This work focuses on the removal of oil from polluted water surface using activated biomass such as ogbono shell. The shell was carbonized at a temperature of 600oC for 4h and then further modified with stearic acid. Characterization of the adsorbent produced was carried out using Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to study the surface morphology of raw and grafted ogbono shell. Fourier Transform Infra-red Spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to investigated the functional group of different minerals. Proximate analysis was carried out to determine the surface area of the agro wastes before and after modification. Batch experiments were carried out to investigate the effects of the oil water ratio, temperature, pH and contact time on the sorption capacities of the adsorbents. Physiochemical characterization of the adsorbents revealed that surface area increased from 114 cm2 to 190.5 cm2 after modification. SEM and FTIR results revealed that more micro porous surfaces were created on the surface of the adsorbent after modification. Batch adsorption experiments with esterified ogbono shell revealed that 96% of crude oil was removed at a pH of 5 with oil water ratio of 1.4/100 cm3 after 50 min at a temperature of 90oC. Esterified ogbono shell was found to be a good adsorbent for the removal of oil layer from polluting water surface.

Keywords: Biomass waste, Ogbono Shell, Adsorption, Crude oil removal


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2659-1502
print ISSN: 1119-8362