Groundwater Quality Assessment of Abandoned Dumpsite in Osogbo Suburb, Nigeria: Hydrogeological and Geophysical Condition Six Years after Initial Study

  • A.O. Ojo
  • A.C. Oyelami
  • E.M. Babafemi
Keywords: Cation; Contamination; Dumpsite; Onibu-Eja; Radar; Penetrating

Abstract

In this paper, we describe the result of a recent hydrogeological and geophysical investigation carried out within and around Aduramigba - Onibu-Eja Estate dumpsite with the aim of detecting evidence of contamination as well as depths to contamination of the groundwater after a previous study six years ago. Twenty water samples from shallow water wells and boreholes were analyzed for their physico-chemical constituents while five vertical electrical soundings and five electromagnetic ground penetrating radar surveys were conducted. The result shows high concentrations of anions of nitrates (NO3-), bicarbonates (HCO3-), chloride (Cl-) and sulphate (SO42-) with values of 73.97 mg/l, 91.5 mg/l, 331.2 mg/l, 222.4 mg/l respectively, cations values of Mg2+, Fe2+, Na+, and K+ having value of 25.44 mg/l, 6.23 mg/l, 37.31 mg/l and 35.41 mg/l, respectively, which were far above the World Health Organization (WHO) and Nigeria Drinking Water Quality Standard (NDWS). Heavy metal components such as Lead, Zinc, Copper and Nickel were also observed to be on the high side, having been contributed from effluents from rust metallic materials cum chemicals dumped within the dumpsite. Detailed geophysical study reveal the depth to contamination at between 4.1 meters in VES 3 to 5.9 meters in VES 2 with resistivity as low as 5.12 Ωm in VES 2 to 7.12 Ωm in VES 3 while ground penetrating radar (GPR) revealed that the leachate has permeated to a depth of 3.5 – 5.25 meters in traverse 4 and 4.0 – 6.0 meters in traverse 3 which correspond to the depth to unconfined aquifer within the dumpsite. The study conclude that this would pose a greater threat to residents living in this vicinity and as such, this might have contributed to the closure of the dumpsite.

Published
2021-11-22
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 2659-1502
print ISSN: 1119-8362