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Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management

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Photochemical of Polychlorinated biphenyl by the photolysis and solvent

Hassan Asilian, Reza Gholamnia, Abbass Rezaee, Ahmad Jonidi Jafari, Ali Khavanin, Elmira Darabi

Abstract


Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are one group of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) that are of international concern because of global distribution, persistence, and toxicity. Removal of these compounds from the environment remains a very difficult challenge because the compounds are highly hydrophobic and have very low solubility in water. The photochemical reactor was of annular geometry with a cylindrical low-pressure mercury lamp. The whole Lamp was immersed in a reactor thermostat controlling the temperature at 32 ± 2 °C. The Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were analyzed by GC/ECD. The degradation of PCBs in terms of one, two and three lamp was 91.9%, 92.7% and 93% respectively. The degradation of PCBs in terms of use of 10% and 20% of total volume of solution of H2O2 were 88.8% and 93% respectively. The degradation of PCBs in terms of ratio to ethanol with oil transformer in 1:1, 2:1 and 3:1 was 83.4%, 92.5% and 93% respectively. The experiments show that UVC-photolysis of H2O2 leads to a degradation efficiency of PCBs in the presence of ethanol. @ JASEM

J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage. December, 2010, Vol. 14 (4) 107 - 112



http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/jasem.v14i4.63281
AJOL African Journals Online