Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management

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Kinetic, Equilibrium and thermodynamic studies on the biosorption of Cd(II) from aqueous solutions by the leaf biomass of Calotropis procera – ‘Sodom apple’

Babalola J Oyebamiji, LC Overah, Adesola Babarinde, Vincent O Oninla, A Olatunde


The kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamics of the biosorption of Cd (II) from aqueous solution by the leaf biomass of Calotropis procera popularly known in western Nigeria as ‘bom bom’and genrally known as Sodom apple were investigated at different experimental conditions. Optimum conditions of pH, contact time, biomass dosage, initial metal ion concentration and temperature were determined to be 5, 60 minutes, 110 mg, 0.3 mM and 27°C respectively. The maximum biosorption capacity was found to be 8.91 mg/g. The kinetic studies indicated that the biosorption process of the metal ion followed the pseudo-second-order and intraparticle diffusion models with an R2 value of 0.998 and 0.985 respectively. Equilibrium studies showed that the biosorption of Cd (II) is well represented by both Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms but the Langmuir model gave a better fit with an R2 value of 0.979, Langmuir constant bm of 0.0080 and monolayer adsorption capacity, m of 123.46. The calculated thermodynamic parameters (ΔG° -4.846 kJmol-1, ΔH° 10.60 kJmol-1 and ΔS° 0.052 kJK-1mol1) showed that the biosorption of Cd (II) is feasible, spontaneous, endothermic and highly disordered in nature under the experimental conditions. These findings indicate that the leaf of Calotropis procera could be employed in the removal of Cd (II) from industrial effluents. @JASEM

Keywords: Calotropis procera, Cadmium, Adsorption isotherm

J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage. Dec, 2011, Vol. 15 (4) 607 - 615

AJOL African Journals Online