Psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC) amongst Nairobi public secondary school children, Kenya

  • David M Ndetei University of Nairobi; and Africa Mental Health Foundation, PO Box 48423-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
  • LI Khasakhala Africa Mental Health Foundation PO Box 48423-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
  • Soraya Seedat Department of Psychiatry and MRC Until for Anxiety & Stress Disorders, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X1, Matieland 7602, South Africa
  • Judy Syanda Kenyatta University; and Africa Mental Health Foundation, PO Box 48423-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
  • FA Ongecha-Owuor Coast General Hospital; and Africa Mental Health Foundation, PO Box 48423-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
  • DA Kokonya Kakamega Provincial hospital; and Africa Mental Health Foundation, PO Box 48423-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
  • VN Mutiso Africa Mental Health Foundation, PO Box 48423-00100, Nairobi, Kenya

Abstract

Background: There are few psychometric instruments whose properties have been studied in a developing country's context.
Aim: To determine the psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC) in Nairobi public secondary school children, Kenya.
Method: Concurrent self-administration of the MASC and Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) to students in Nairobi public secondary schools.
Results: The MASC had a high overall internal consistency alpha co-efficient (0.85) in the Kenyan sample, which is similar to Western findings, and is hence a reliable tool for measuring anxiety in the study population. It was also similar to the findings from two Western studies in the anxiety domains of physical symptoms, social anxiety, separation anxiety and harm avoidance. The correlation co-efficient with CDI was similar to Scandinavian findings.
Conclusion: The MASC can be used in Kenyan children and, by extension, other Africa children.

Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health 2008, 20(2): 101–109
Published
2009-01-08
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1728-0591
print ISSN: 1728-0583