Factors associated with readmission in South African adolescents discharged from two inpatient psychosocial rehabilitation units
AbstractObjective: This study aimed to describe the socio-demographic and clinical factors associated with readmission in an adolescent population discharged from two inpatient psychosocial rehabilitation (PSR) units in Cape Town, South Africa.
Method: Data were obtained from 97 consecutive patients discharged from two adolescent psychiatric PSR units over a period of one year. Patients were followed up for readmission to hospitals offering specialised psychiatric care in the Western Cape Province over a period of 18 months.
Results: 35 patients (36%) were readmitted during the study period. Multivariable analysis showed that previous admission increased readmission rate (Incidence Rate Ratio (IRR): 8.01, p < 0.001). Adolescents who were still schooling (IRR: 0.29, p < 0.001) or had a higher level of education (IRR: 0.45, p = 0.001) were less likely to be readmitted. No association was seen with type of diagnosis and readmission, although 51 adolescents (53%) were diagnosed on the schizophrenia spectrum of disorders.
Conclusion: Study findings highlight the need for increased collaboration between the Departments of Health and Education. Furthermore, the study illustrates the need for specific post-discharge community follow-up for adolescents. Prospective research in this particular population group is needed to contribute to the literature on factors associated with readmission in South African adolescent patients.