Evaluation of mineral contents in Cleome gynandra leaves and stalks from Burkina Faso

  • Igor WK Ouédraogo
  • Carole Tranchant
  • Yvonne L Bonzi-Coulibaly

Abstract

Cleome gynandra is an herbal plant highly consumed and appreciated by populations from Burkina Faso and other parts of Africa. Two samples of Cleome gynandra were collected and submitted to a comparative analysis by ICP-AES to determine the content of nutritive and toxic elements in leaves and stalks as fresh or boiled material. Cleome gynandra leaves and stalks contained important quantities of calcium and potassium. But the fresh leaves contained higher contents in calcium, magnesium, sodium and phosphorus than the fresh stalks. The boiling practice of fresh leaves and stalks reduced the mineral contents by 30 to 70%. These results indicate that Cleome gynandra represents a real potential source for mineral nutrients in human nutrition.

Keywords: Cleome gynandra, leaves, stalks, boiling effect, mineral, ICP-AES

JOURNAL OF THE CAMEROON ACADEMY OF SCIENCES VOL. 11 No. 1 (2013)

Author Biographies

Igor WK Ouédraogo
Laboratoire de Chimie Organique : Structure et Réactivité, Département de Chimie, Université de Ouagadougou, 03 BP 7021 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso;  Centre de Recherche sur les Aliments de l'Université de Moncton, Canada
Carole Tranchant
Centre de Recherche sur les Aliments de l'Université de Moncton, Canada
Yvonne L Bonzi-Coulibaly
Laboratoire de Chimie Organique : Structure et Réactivité, Département de Chimie, Université de Ouagadougou, 03 BP 7021 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso
Published
2013-10-03
Section
Articles

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print ISSN: 2617-3948