Carcinoma of the Cervix in Sokoto, Northern Nigeria

  • Lydia R Airede Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria.
  • Emmanuel Nwobodo Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria.
  • Sani A Malami Depaerment of Pathology; Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria.
  • Karima Tanau Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria
Keywords: Carcinoma of the Cervix, Sokoto, Nigeria

Abstract

Background: Cancer of the cervix, a preventable disease, is the second most common cause of cancer-related morbidity and mortality in women in the developing world. Experience of the disease in Sokoto is lacking in the literature. The aim of this study is to determine the demographic characteristics, clinical features, stage of the disease at presentation and outcome in cases of carcinoma of the cervix in the Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital(UDUTH), Sokoto.
Materials and Methods: A descriptive retrospective study of all patients diagnosed with carcinoma of the cervix between January 1998 and December 2003 at UDUTH, Sokoto.
Results: There were 100 cases of carcinoma of the cervix during the 6-year study period. The peak age incidence was in the 50-59 year age group(30%), and mean age was 48 years. Parity ranged from 0 to 13. Sixty-seven percent(67%) of patients were Para 5 and above. The main clinical features were irregular vaginal bleeding, postmenopausal bleeding, offensive vaginal discharge and abdominal/pelvic pain. Eighty-nine percent (89%) of patients presented in advanced stages of the disease(Stage IIb to IV). Most patients were not able to receive radiotherapy and were lost to follow-up.
Conclusions: Carcinoma of the cervix in Sokoto is a disease of grandmultiparous women who usually present at the advanced stages. Prognosis is poor due to late presentation and inability to afford the cost of radiotherapy. It is recommended that measures to prevent carcinoma of the cervix must be put in place, chief amongst which is the implementation of a population-based screening programme.
Key Words: Carcinoma of the Cervix; Sokoto; Nigeria.
Journal of College of Medicine Vol.10(1) 2005: 48-52
Published
2005-07-05
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1118-2601