Pattern of juvenile periodontitis in Lagos University Teaching Hospital Dental Centre
AbstractObjective: The aim of the survey was to study the pattern of juvenile periodontitis patients that presented at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital Dental Centre from November 1999 to March 2004.
Methods: Through review of case files of patients, twenty six juvenile periodontitis patients, within the age range of 18 and 30 years were identified and their dental records reviewed.
Results: There were 11 males and 15 females, giving a male female ratio of 0.73:1. Overall, the maxillary and mandibular incisors were the most missing tooth type (47.54%), particularly in the 20 - 24 year age group. Comparatively, more incisors were missing in females compared to males. Conversely, tooth mobility was more common in males; 60% of severely mobile teeth were seen in males. These patients were found to have poor facial aesthetics.
Conclusion: Given the late presentation of juvenile periodontitis found in the study, it is recommended that check-ups of patients at the dental clinics for early diagnosis of juvenile periodontitis and regular check-ups to prevent the rapid progression of this condition in juveniles should be
Keywors: juvenile, periodontitis, Lagos University Teaching Hospital
Journal of Community Medicine and Primary Health Care 2005, 17(1): 51-54