Fruit flies (Diptera, Tephritidae) of Kakamega forest, Kenya

  • Robert S Copeland Department of Entomology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, 77843, USA; International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology, PO Box 30772, Nairobi, Kenya
  • Wilberforce Okeka Forest Department, Kakamega Forest Station, Kakamega, Kenya
  • Amnon Freidberg Department of Zoology, The George W. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
  • Bernhard Merz Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle, Départment d’Entomologie C.P. 6434, CH – 1211 Genève 6, Switzerland
  • Ian M White Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London, SW7 5BD, UK
  • Marc De Meyer Entomology Section, Royal Museum for Central Africa, Leuvensesteenweg 13, 3080 Tervuren, Belgium
  • Quentin Luke East African Herbarium, National Museums of Kenya, Box 45166, Nairobi, Kenya


A list of the Tephritidae from Kakamega Forest and it environs was compiled from published records, Malaise trap, baited trap, and sweep-net collections, rearings from flowers and fruits, and examination of museum specimens. One hundred and thirty-five species are recorded and collection information is provided for all of them. Twenty-five of these species are undescribed, or were so at the time our study began. Frugivorous Tephritidae were reared from 134 of 378 (35%) fruit collections made within the forest. Fruits of 17 of 47 plant families (36%), and 37 of the 123 plant species (30%) yielded Tephritidae. The plant families of greatest importance in the life histories of frugivorous species were the Sapotaceae, Rubiaceae, Flacourtiaceae, Rosaceae, and Solanaceae, while the Asteraceae provided hosts of most of the flower feeding species. The affinities of the Kakamega forest tephritid fauna with those of other regions, in particular the main central and western African rain forest and the East African coastal forests, are discussed.

Journal of East African Natural History: a Journal of Biodiversity Vol. 94(2) 2005: 247-278

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1026-1613
print ISSN: 0012-8317