Canthariphilous insects in east Africa

  • C Hemp Departments of Animal Ecology II, University of Bayreuth, D- 95440, Bayreuth, Germany
  • A Hemp Departments of Plant physiology, University of Bayreuth, D- 95440, Bayreuth, Germany
  • K Dettner Departments of Animal Ecology II, University of Bayreuth, D- 95440, Bayreuth, Germany

Abstract



Canthariphilous insects, representing three different orders, were attracted to cantharidin baits in the years 1989 to 1999 in Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. Two Aulacoderus, seven Formicomus, two Mecynotarsus, 11 Notoxus, three Tomoderus and one Cyclodinus, Omonadus, Pseudoleptaleus, Sapintus, and Tenuicomus species respectively were noted from the beetle family Anthicidae. The chrysomelid species Barombiella vicina and Barombiella sp. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) were caught at cantharidin as well as Pallenothriocera rufimembris (Coleoptera: Cleridae) and two other up to now not identified clerid species. Also a bug species from the genus Dieuches (Heteroptera: Lygaeidae) was noted. Always present at the baits were a anthomyiid species (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) and ceratopogonids (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). A canthariphilous species from the dipteran family Platystomatidae was found in an indigenous forest of Mt Kilimanjaro. The baiting sites are briefly characterised and the knowledge about the function of cantharidin in the biology of canthariphilous insects is summarised.

Journal of East African Natural History Vol. 88 (1&2) 1999: pp. 1-15
Published
2007-01-02
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1026-1613
print ISSN: 0012-8317