Age Related Variations in The Architecture of Caprine Haemal Nodes

  • GC Okpe Department of Veterinary Anatomy, University of Nigeria, Nsukka
Keywords: Haemal nodes, Age Variation, Goat


Age related variations in the architecture of caprine haemal nodes were studied in West African dwarf goats aged between 1-24 months. Variations were observed in the thickness of the capsule, the content and organization of the cortical and medullary parenchyma as well as the stroma. In young goats age between 1-4 months, the capsule was very thin (1-2um) and there was uniformly diffused lymphoid tissue in the cortical and medullary regions. The subs\capsular and medullary blood sinuses were either absent or poorly developed in them. The older goats on the other hand, had thicker capsule reaching about 7um in 18-24months old goats. Lymphoid nodules and blood sinuses were well developed. In the very old goats, features of involution were observed. Irrespective of age, haemal nodes in all animals showed evidence of myelopoiesis and lymphopoiesis. The study suggested that the architecture of haemal nodes so far described by earlier workers might have been influenced by the animal used for the study.

KEY WORDS: Haemal nodes, Age Variation, Goat.

J.Expt. & Clin. Anat. 2(2) 2003: 1-5

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eISSN: 1596-2393