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Journal of the Eritrean Medical Association

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The quality of water served in the Orotta National Referral Hospital

A Kebedom, T Teclebirhan, B Habtemicheal, E Habtemicheal, J Mufunda, A Gebremicheal

Abstract


Background: The principal risks to human health associated with the consumption of unsafe drinking water are microbiological. According to the WHO and UNICEF report 2.6 billion people do not have access to good quality of water. About 1.1 billion people globally do not have access. About 2 million people mostly of less than 5 years children also die as a result of diarrheal diseases related to consumption of water that is microbiologically contaminated. Objective: The objective of this study was to measure the quality of water served to the different sections of Orotta National Referral Hospital using WHO protocols. Methods: Water samples were collected from different sources in the National Referral Orotta Hospital compound according to the WHO guidelines and the multi-tube method or most probable number method was used for the microbiological count. Results: The findings from the study showed that some of the samples of water from National Referral Pediatric Hospital, and National Medical and Surgical Referral Hospital reservoirs did not meet some of the WHO guidelines for safe drinking water. Conclusion and recommendations: The water contamination emanated from the reservoirs of the Orotta Hospital, because the samples taken as a control from outside the Hospital compound were free of contamination. Water reservoirs should be washed on regular basis. Chlorination and other treatment modalities for the water in the reservoir should also be considered and applied. Water quality surveillance should be done several times in a year not only just once.



http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/jema.v4i1.52116
AJOL African Journals Online