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Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences

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The knowledge and the use of psychological skills of anger management skills at the bedside by the physicians and nurses of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences in 2013

R Eslami Akbar, N Kalani, F Maarefi, Z Karami, H Kargar Jahromi, M.H. Modabber

Abstract


Although all individuals could be exposed to the outburst of anger, a group of them are more at risk than others because of the nature of their work and responsibilities, that the physicians and nurses are placed in this group. In the field of psychology, different skills such as social protection systems, problem-solving skills, self-relaxation system, use of humor skills and communication and negotiation skills have been proposed to control anger. Given the importance of anger management in the prevention of job violence in the health environment and its impact on psychological health of psychiatrists and nurses and also the lack of information and research on the topic, this study aimed to study the knowledge and the use of psychological skills of anger management at the bedside by the physicians and nurses of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences.

Methodology: This study is a cross-sectional and descriptive research, its studied sample included 259 general practitioners, specialists and nurses working in two general hospitals affiliated to Jahrom University of Medical Sciences. They were included in the study by the census method. The data was collected by the self-report method and two researcher-made questionnaires: a questionnaire of the knowledge of the psychological skills of anger management and a questionnaire of the use of anger management skills at the bedside and their validity (face and content) and reliability were examined before performing the research. Data analysis was performed with descriptive statistics (mean, frequency, percentage) using SPSS software.

Results: The mean of the knowledge of the physicians and nurses of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences from the psychological skills of anger management was 30.2 (standard deviation is equal to 1.53) that based on the classification of the scores of related questionnaire, it was at a good level. Also, the results showed that the mean of the use of psychological skills of anger management at the bedside by the physicians and nurses working in Jahrom University of Medical Sciences was 39.54 (standard deviation is equal to 1.28) that based on the classification of the scores of related questionnaire, it was at a good level.

Conclusion: According to the results, the knowledge and the use of psychological skills of anger management skills at the bedside by the physicians and nurses of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences were at the desired level, however, it is proposed to use other evaluation and assessment methods which have no limitations of self-report method in future studies.

Keywords: anger management skill, nurses, physicians




http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/jfas.v8i3s.280
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