Sustainable architecture approach in designing residential-recreational complex (Qotur Suie Meshkinshahr, Ardebil province, Iran).
Sustainable architecture has been shaped with vernacular materials based on the vernacular architecture according to climatic conditions, saving energy and responding to needs and social and cultural conditions. In cold region architecture, the buildings are constructed as steps on the hills in the direction of sun and behind the west winds and with flat roof as function of environment. In this research, the effects of energy saving in architecture and vernacular architecture on sustainable architecture have been examined. This research was conducted based on identification, description and analysis and its aim was to reduce environmental damage and minimizing energy consumption and coordination with nature as the infrastructure of sustainable design philosophy. The results showed that designing a residential and recreational complex in the Qotur Suie touristic zone located in the touristic circle of Sarab, Meshkinshahr and Ardebil based on sustainable architecture for surviving vernacular design with artificial environment in a natural environment can protect the nature providing comfort for people and prevent its destruction.
Keywords: sustainable architecture, artificial environment, natural environment, new energy, Meshkinshahr province