Examining the relationship between spirituality and its components with depression in women of 30 to 55 years of age in Ahwaz
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between spirituality and its components (Awareness, Real Acceptance, Disappointment, Grandiosity, Instability, and Impression Management) with depression in mothers of 30 to 55 years in Ahvaz. For this purpose, 300 mothers of 30 to 55 years in Ahvaz were selected as sample through convenient method from among clients referring to hospitals, counseling centers, and parent-teacher meetings. They responded to two questionnaires of spirituality assessment by Hall and Edwards, and Depression by Beck. Hall and Edwards' spirituality questionnaire assesses six factors of Awareness, Real Acceptance, Disappointment, Grandiosity, Instability, and Impression Management. Statistical method for data analysis was multiple regression and correlation analysis. The correlation between the components of maternal depression on the one hand, and the components of spirituality on the other hand in women is calculated as R=0.600. The results showed a significant relationship between depression and the spirituality components (p <0.05). The results showed that out of all different components of the research, disappointment in the first, awareness in the second, grandiosity in the third level entered the equations, and real acceptance, grandiosity, instability, and impression management were removed from the equation. The meaningfulness of regression coefficients shows that disappointment in the equation significantly predicts depression in women, so that when the depression enters the equation, its squared correlation is 0.261, i.e. 26.1% of the variance between maternal depression and disappointment is common.
Keywords: spirituality, disappointment, depression