Strengthening the material-technical base of modern agrarian formations
Technical and technological modernization of agriculture is an important direction of state support for agricultural production. At present, in agriculture there is a tendency of equipment obsolescence and break down. Partly, the deficit is compensated by means of acquisition of high-energy, high-performance equipment and the implementation of resource-saving technologies, the use of combined soil cultivating and sowing units. However, the equipment of agricultural producers remains at a level,which does not allow performing all technological operations in the normative agrotechnical terms, that leads to deficits and production losses. As a consequence, the role of state support in raising the level of agricultural machinery is becoming increasingly important . The object of the study is the Volga Federal District (VFD). The study presents statistical data for 2000-2015. The analysis of the level of agricultural machinery in the regions of the Volga Federal District made it possible to divide all regions into three groups and to make recommendations for the development of technical capacity. In this situation, the role of state support in raising the level of agricultural technology is becoming increasingly important.
Keywords: agricultural machinery, provision, load, technical availability, technical potential