Direct synthesis iron oxide nanoparticles using ramie, lemon and dragon fruit as green and low cost approach
Plant extracts have been used as agent reduction capping to synthesise various nanoparticles
due to the process is a low cost, large-scale method and environmental friendly. Herein, iron
oxide nanoparticles were synthesized using ramie, lemon and dragon fruit extracts. The
characterization results show that all synthesized iron oxide nanoparticles had almost similar
diameters, shape and crystalline phases although different of plants extracts were used.
Among the plants, ramie has cheapest market price in which the cost production of iron oxide
nanoparticles can be reduced significantly.
Keywords: iron oxide nanoparticles; scanning electron microscopy