Aesthetic and semanticaccents of the neo-gothic interpretation in Russia
The relevance of the work is due to the need for a strategy of reconstruction of historic exterior and interior of architectural object located in a ruin condition with very limited factual information. The article considers specific features of the evolution of the neo-Gothic in the late XIX – early XX centuries in Russia. The stylistic unity of the neo-Gothic and the Modern is traced. Special attention is paid to the principles of a reconstruction of the lost elements of architecture and interior design in theneo-Gothic style. The estate in the neo- Gothic style is the harmonious union of separate elements into a unified aesthetic whole. The principle of the unification is the harmony between carefully designed and comfortable environment and its decorative design. Stylistic tolerance in the approach to the creation of a unified subjective and spatial environment that combines aesthetic and semantic components of such styles as Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, etc. is revealed. The approaches to the interpretation of the neo-Gothic architectural object is defined on the example of creative work of the master P. C. Boytsov (1849-after 1918), specialized in the creation of the estates and their interiors. The proposed guidelines for the reconstruction are given on the example of the proposal of reconstruction of the neo-Gothic interiors of several ensembles of P. S. Boytsov.
Keywords: Neo-Gothic, Modern, estate, the Modern architecture, the reconstruction of the historic interior, the interior in the Modern style, interpretation