Retracted: Adults' digital competence and readiness for online learning: preliminary findings on Latvian adult learners' readiness to study online

  • Evija Mirke
  • Sarma Cakula
Keywords: adult education, digital competence, knowledge transfer, lifelong learning, online learning


This article was withdrawn and retracted by the Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented ( Please address any queries to


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eISSN: 1112-9867