Retracted: Formative assessment based course outcomes and instructions

  • M. Mrunalini
  • T. V. Suresh Kumar
  • L. V. N. Prasad
Keywords: Formative assessment, outcomes based education (OBE), instructional outcomes.


This article was withdrawn and retracted by the Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented ( Please address any queries to


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eISSN: 1112-9867