Retracted: A survey on cross-layer intrusion detection system for wireless sensor networks

  • Manal Alharthi
  • Manal Abdullah
Keywords: Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), OSI model, intrusion detection system (IDS), Cross-Layer Intrusion Detection (CLIDS)


This article was withdrawn and retracted by the Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented ( Please address any queries to


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eISSN: 1112-9867