Retracted: Using expectancy theory to explain performance appraisal elements and employees' motivation

  • Omar A.O. Baakeel
Keywords: Employees' motivation, expectancy theory, performance appraisal, theory model, performance appraisal elements, participation, knowledge


This article was withdrawn and retracted by the Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented ( Please address any queries to


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eISSN: 1112-9867