Retracted: The role of social networking in the effectiveness of university education: exploratory survey

  • Salmah Salim Al-Beladi
Keywords: social networks, e-Learning, online learning, Facebook, Web 2.0, academic achievement, university education


This article was withdrawn and retracted by the Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented ( Please address any queries to


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eISSN: 1112-9867