Retracted: Sociological study of the roles of the development level and development experience in creating or modifying fear of crime: a case study of central cities in Hamadan province

  • M. Reshadi
  • B. Zare
  • P. Danesh
  • S. Ghaderi
Keywords: development, fear of crime, social disorganization, social control, institutional trust, public confidence


This article was withdrawn and retracted by the Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented ( Please address any queries to


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eISSN: 1112-9867