https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/issue/feed Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences 2021-05-04T09:40:44+00:00 Prof. Touhami Lanez touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz Open Journal Systems <p><span lang="EN-US">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences is an international journal reporting significant new results in all aspects of fundamental and applied sciences research. We welcome experimental, computational (including simulation and modelling) and theoretical studies of fundamental and applied sciences. The work must fall into one of the four sections of the journal. If the work overlaps two or more journal sections then it can be submitted as an interdisciplinary fundamental or applied sciences paper. </span></p><p><span lang="EN-US">Other websites associated with this journal: <a title="http://www.jfas.info/index.php/jfas/index" href="http://www.jfas.info/index.php/jfas/index" target="_blank">http://www.jfas.info/index.php/jfas/index</a></span></p> https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171763 <b>Retracted:</b> Factors affecting choice of medical destination for tourists: Europe perpetive 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 P. Raeissi touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz B. Najafi touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz H.A. Gorji touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz A.A. Teymourlouy touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz <br style="background-color: transparent; color: #111111; font-family: Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 12.8px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: 17.33px; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;" /><div style="background-color: transparent; color: #111111; font-family: Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 12.8px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: 17.33px; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</div> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171767 <b>Retracted:</b>Features of value orientations of patients with schizophrenia 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 E. M. Leontieva lyalya_ru@mail.ru <br style="background-color: transparent; color: #111111; font-family: Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 12.8px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: 17.33px; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;" /><div style="background-color: transparent; color: #111111; font-family: Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 12.8px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: 17.33px; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</div> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171771 <b>Retracted:</b> Design as a way to develop a relevant urban environment 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 L. M. Stratonova touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz <div style="background-color: transparent; color: #111111; font-family: Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 12.8px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: 17.33px; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</div> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171774 <b>Retracted:</b> Comprehensive study of the operational reliability of the power plant impeller of the turbo-expander type from structural plastic 2019-02-07T12:29:34+00:00 V. A. Rassokhin touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz M. P. Fedorov touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz Y. V. Matveev touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz A. I. Sukhanov touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz D. A. Kotlov touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz S. A. Besedin touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz A. A. Sebelev touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz N. A. Zabelin touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz G. A. Fokin touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz <div style="background-color: transparent; color: #111111; font-family: Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 12.8px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: 17.33px; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</div> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171777 <b>Retracted:</b> Experimental characteristics of the low-consumption turbines with flow outlet small angle and rotor blades with a big spacing ratio 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 V. A. Rassokhin touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz M. P. Fedorov touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz Y. V. Matveev touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz G. A. Fokin touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz S. M. Schisliaev touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz N. A. Zabelin touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz S. N. Besedin touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz G. L. Rakov touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz M. V. Smirnov touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171778 <b>Retracted:</b> Attitudes of students of Jahrom University of medical sciences towards abortion: a descriptive, cross-sectional study 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 R. Inaloo ehsanrahmanian90n@yahoo.com N. Tghipour ehsanrahmanian90n@yahoo.com A. Razeghi ehsanrahmanian90n@yahoo.com E. Rahmanian ehsanrahmanian90n@yahoo.com This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171780 <b>Retracted: </b> Examining the attunement between health literacy and hope in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) admitted to the hospitals of Jahrom University of medical sciences 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 M. Imanian Tahere.abdian@gmail.com M. Khoramkish Tahere.abdian@gmail.com T. Abdian Tahere.abdian@gmail.com This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171783 <b>Retracted:</b> Examining the attunement between health literacy and Health promoting behaviors in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) admitted to the hospitals of Jahrom University of medical sciences 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 M. Imanian Mahsa.Imanian@gmail.com This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171790 <b>Retracted:</b> Relationship between anxiety, stress and depression with spiritual health in patients with acute vascular syndrome coronary 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 M. Rahmanian m.zeini@jums.ac.ir F. Honarmand m.zeini@jums.ac.ir S. Moghaddam m.zeini@jums.ac.ir M. Zeinijahromi m.zeini@jums.ac.ir This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171796 <b>Retracted:</b> Research self-efficacy of students in Jahrom University of medical sciences: a cross-sectional descriptive study in 2017 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 E. Rahmanian rezainaloo@yahoo.com H. Khatonaki rezainaloo@yahoo.com H. Hojati rezainaloo@yahoo.com R. Inaloo rezainaloo@yahoo.com This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171800 <b>Retracted:</b> The effect of lifestyle education on blood pressure control in hypertensive patients 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 M. Rahmanian m.zeini@jums.ac.ir F. Honarmand m.zeini@jums.ac.ir S. Moghaddam m.zeini@jums.ac.ir M. Zeinijahromi m.zeini@jums.ac.ir This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171803 <b>Retracted:</b> The frequency of asymptomatic bacteriuria in men with hypertension 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 S. Taghizadeh Sepehrtaghizadeh10@gmail.com M. Haghdoost Sepehrtaghizadeh10@gmail.com E. Afsar Sepehrtaghizadeh10@gmail.com This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171944 <b>Retracted:</b> Assessment of Occupational Safety and Health Performance Indicators for Jordan 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 Awwad Dababneh Dababneh@ju.edu.jo Rami H. Fouad Dababneh@ju.edu.jo Abdul Jaleel Hamad Majeed Dababneh@ju.edu.jo This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171945 <b>Retracted:</b> FM Based Lozalization: A Comparion Study 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 Khitam Abdulnabi Salman khetam_waali@yahoo.com Fatimah Abdulnabi Salman khetam_waali@yahoo.com Sami Hasan khetam_waali@yahoo.com This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171946 <b>Retracted:</b> Performance Analysis of Internet of Things Protocols Based Fog/Cloud over High Traffic 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 Istabraq M. Al-Joboury estabriq_94@coie-nahrain.edu.iq Emad H. Al-Hemiary estabriq_94@coie-nahrain.edu.iq This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171947 <b>Retracted:</b> VNML: Virtualized Network Management Laboratory for Educational Purposes 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 Oula L. Abdulsattar Oula.laith@coie-nahrain.edu.iq Emad H. Al-Hemiary Oula.laith@coie-nahrain.edu.iq This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171955 <b>Retracted:</b> Data Warehouse System for Outpatient Healthcare 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 Talib M. J. Al Taleb talib_altalib@yahoo.com Sami Hasan talib_altalib@yahoo.com Yaqoob Yousif Mahdi talib_altalib@yahoo.com This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171957 <b>Retracted:</b> Design of Asymmetrical Generalized Chebychev Lowpass Filter with a Wide Stopband Rejection 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 Aymen M. Al-Kadhimi aymen.mohammed@coie-nahrain.edu.iq Salim A. Mohammed Ali aymen.mohammed@coie-nahrain.edu.iq This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171960 <b>Retracted:</b> Biometric National Identification Number Generation for Secure Network Authentication Based Fingerprint 2019-02-07T12:28:07+00:00 Mahmood K. Ibrahem mahmood_khalel@yahoo.com Muntasser S. Falih mahmood_khalel@yahoo.com Fatima B. Ibrahim mahmood_khalel@yahoo.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171964 <b>Retracted:</b> VoIP Speech Encryption System Using Stream Cipher with Chaotic Key Generator 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 Mahmood Khalel Ibrahem mahmoodkhalel@coie-nahrain.edu.iq Hussein Ali Kassim mahmoodkhalel@coie-nahrain.edu.iq This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171966 <b>Retracted</b>Enhance the Performance of a Data Warehouse by Indexed View 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 Talib M. J. Al Taleb talib_altalib@yahoo.com Sami Hasan talib_altalib@yahoo.com Yaqoob Yousif Mahdi talib_altalib@yahoo.com <p><span>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the </span><em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em><span> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (</span><a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a><span>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</span><br /><br /></p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171972 <b>Retracted:</b> Distance estimation by computer vision and shortest path planning using single camera 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 Sami Hasan hhksami@yahoo.com Shereen S. Jumaa hhksami@yahoo.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171852 <b>Retracted:</b>Investigating torture against women in different countries With international responsibility approach 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 F. Eftekhari faezeh.eftekhari96@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171856 <b>Retracted:</b> Assessment of the implementation of environmental management system in the construction companies of rashest city and the harmful effects of failure to implement on the environment 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 G. Mohammadpour touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz M. Fallah touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz F. Gravand touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz H. Kaveh touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz M. D. Houreh touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171871 <b>Retracted:</b> Current trends of internet commerce development in Russia 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 A. V. Gubareva kovalenko1288@mail.ru K.E. Kovalenko kovalenko1288@mail.ru M. N. Semyakin kovalenko1288@mail.ru S.P. Stepkin kovalenko1288@mail.ru <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171879 <b>Retracted:</b> Application of cryptocurrencies in the Russian federation: positive and negative sides 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 A. V. Gubareva kovalenko1288@mail.ru S. V. Kodan kovalenko1288@mail.ru K. E. Kovalenko kovalenko1288@mail.ru S. P. Stepkin kovalenko1288@mail.ru <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171979 Wide dynamic range tranimpedance amplifier using peaking capacitance technique for high speed optical wireless communication system 2021-05-04T09:21:35+00:00 A. F. Chandio fattahchandio@yahoo.com B. Das fattahchandio@yahoo.com M. K. Rathi fattahchandio@yahoo.com N. B. Marzuki fattahchandio@yahoo.com M. F. L Abdullah fattahchandio@yahoo.com M. S. A. Khan fattahchandio@yahoo.com B. Pandey fattahchandio@yahoo.com <p>In the high speed optical communication, the requirement of designing the new optical transceivers is quite challenging due to the bandwidth, noise and environmental conditions for designing the optical transceivers. The optical transceivers design is also challenging because of weak optical signal at the frond-end amplifier. In this paper, the optical transceivers via an optical preamplifier for optical wireless communication is designed. The designed system offers the improved performance in terms of bandwidth and gain compared to existing optical transceivers. It is defined that using the designed system, a high bandwidth of 2.114GHz at 29.72dB gain is achieved. The designed optical transceiver provides the bandwidth enhancement utilizing the peaking inductor and capacitor.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171982 Peak to average power ratio (PAPR) reduction technique in orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) using block coding 2021-05-04T09:23:59+00:00 A. F. Chandio fattahchandio@yahoo.com B. Das fattahchandio@yahoo.com N. Faud fattahchandio@yahoo.com M.F.L. Abdullah fattahchandio@yahoo.com <p>Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) signal is considered a good candidate for wireless systems because it offers diversity gain in frequency selective channels. As in other multicarrier schemes, however, OFDM suffers from high peak to average power ratio (PAPR). This is a major drawback of the scheme and ways of minimizing the PAPR have been researched. Block coding scheme is the technique to reduce the peak-to-average power ratio of OFDM signals and also to detect transmission errors. The reason is that in the time domain, a multicarrier signal is the sum of many narrowband signals. At some time instances, this sum is large and at other times is small, which means that the peak value of the signal is substantially larger than the average value. This high PAR is one of the most important implementation challenges that face OFDM, because it reduces the efficiency. The main purpose in this project, is to make a comparison over the PAPR reduction technique using block coding and without block coding. The capability of Block Coding scheme to reduce the Bit Error Rate (BER) in an OFDM system was also measured. The simulation developed in Matlab simulation environment.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171990 Proposed efficient method for ticket booking (PEMTB) 2021-05-04T09:27:41+00:00 K. Ahmed kkhanzada@hotmail.com M. S. A. Khan kkhanzada@hotmail.com O. A. Siddiqui kkhanzada@hotmail.com S. A. Iftikhar kkhanzada@hotmail.com B. Das kkhanzada@hotmail.com M. Khurrum kkhanzada@hotmail.com <p>The main purpose of this study is to explore the different platform that influence the client to become social. Our project (GO-tickets) is more easy way to book /buy ticket for all categories of events which is held in our town which includes the movie, festivals, holiday tour, events, sports and much more. This project is based on Cloud computing and we implement the digitalized concept of ticket marketing in which person can buy tickets in digital form and use single platform for all types of events booking. We used angular JS, ionic for a front end and node.js, express.js for a back end and mongo DB for a database. Our application works on both OS platform (IOS and android).Our proposed system is totally softcopy and in digitalized. The project has been successfully in the developing process and the system performance is found satisfactory. The use of computers in this technology era is nonproductive tasks to helps the users to reduce the time and wait. User-friendly menu interface the users can then use the services of the application via to fill a registration form can register themselves for book the tickets. This research paper of Go-Ticket application deals with the modern technology development of mobile phone application which is more simple effective, easy way to use and we also introduce QR scanning bar code reader that contain information about ticket in the form of bar-code. Moreover, the authentication of the ticket is checking by another person through QR scanning bar code reader which verify, QR-code detail information with the database and reduces the burden of event manager.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171677 <b>Retracted:</b> Integration of intellectual capital and innovation in SMEs’ performance: a conceptual framework 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 N.M. Duras norazlina3@mail.com A.R. Yunus norazlina3@mail.com N.A. Othman norazlina3@mail.com N.A. Sani norazlina3@mail.com N. Rahman norazlina3@mail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171678 <b>Retracted:</b> Text mining as a technic to visualize the literature trends in the molecular-related personalized medicine context 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 U.H. Mohammad ummulhanan@ukm.edu.my P. N. E. Nohuddin ummulhanan@ukm.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171681 <b>Retracted:</b>Modeling and design analysis of a three phase linear generator for sea waves energy conversion 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 R. Sinnadurai rajendran@unisel.edu.my C. M. Ting rajendran@unisel.edu.my Q. B. Hadi rajendran@unisel.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171683 <b>Retracted:</b> Design of compound repository using NoSQL database (#5) 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 R. Maskat ruhaila@tmsk.uitm.edu.my M. T. Taher ruhaila@tmsk.uitm.edu.my M. A. Aziz ruhaila@tmsk.uitm.edu.my S. R. S. Aris ruhaila@tmsk.uitm.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171689 <b>Retracted:</b> Evaluation on the performance of suppliers in Malaysia with TOPSIS model 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 L. W. Hoe whlam@utar.edu.my M.A. Din whlam@utar.edu.my L.W. Siew whlam@utar.edu.my C.J. Wai whlam@utar.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171691 <b>Retracted:</b> Determination of free chlorine content in indoor and outdoor swimming pool sports complex 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 C. Payus cpayus@gmail.com I. Geoffrey cpayus@gmail.com A. Oliver cpayus@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171692 <b>Retracted:</b> The wound healing activity of <i>Mikania micrantha</i> ehanolic leaf extract 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 M. N. Sarimah sarimah@unisel.edu.my H. H. Mizaton sarimah@unisel.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171697 <b>Retracted:</b> 4x4 bit Vedic multiplier using 13T hybrid full adder in 90 nm CMOS technology 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 S.J. Lee viviansj0214@gmail.com S. H. Ruslan viviansj0214@gmail.com This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171698 <b>Retracted:</b> Automatic transmission towers detection in low-resolution satellite images 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 A. A. Almisreb alimes96@yahoo.com N. M. Din alimes96@yahoo.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171699 <b>Retracted:</b> Green soft computing and standardization 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 K. U. Sarker ksarker@mec.edu.om A. Deraman ksarker@mec.edu.om R. Hasan ksarker@mec.edu.om <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171705 <b>Retracted:</b> Sensitivity enhancement of chemical sensor using aligned-gap split ring resonator 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 I. M. Rusni izyani@unisel.edu.my A. Ismail izyani@unisel.edu.my M.N. Hamidon izyani@unisel.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171706 <b>Retracted:</b>Knowledge-based expert system for predictive classification of main specific learning disabilities 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 R. M. Rasli roznim@fskik.upsi.edu.my N. A. A. Aziz roznim@fskik.upsi.edu.my S. A. Salim roznim@fskik.upsi.edu.my F. M. Razali roznim@fskik.upsi.edu.my N. M. Norwawi roznim@fskik.upsi.edu.my N. Basir roznim@fskik.upsi.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171707 <b>Retracted:</b> A review on teacher training's drawbacks, barriers and challenges: conventional to digital technology transition 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 R. M. Rasli roznim@fskik.upsi.edu.my N. A. M. Zulkefli roznim@fskik.upsi.edu.my N. A. A. Aziz roznim@fskik.upsi.edu.my F. M. Razali roznim@fskik.upsi.edu.my S. A. Salim roznim@fskik.upsi.edu.my N. M. Norwawi roznim@fskik.upsi.edu.my N. Basir roznim@fskik.upsi.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171708 <b>Retracted:</b> Formative assessment based course outcomes and instructions 2019-02-07T12:37:30+00:00 M. Mrunalini mrunalini@msrit.edu T. V. Suresh Kumar mrunalini@msrit.edu L. V. N. Prasad mrunalini@msrit.edu <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171709 <b>Retracted:</b> An automatic solar tracking system for a parabolic trough concentrating collector 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 W. Vinicchayakul wpsvncyk@gmail.com K. Sookramoon wpsvncyk@gmail.com C. Patummakason wpsvncyk@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171710 <b>Retracted:</b> A survey on big data processing: techniques, issues and challenges 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 K. Kumari kimmi.msrit@gmail.com M. Mrunalini kimmi.msrit@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171711 <b>Retracted:</b> Detection of drug residues in Kerayong river, Kuala Lumpur 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 Z. Othman marfi851@salam.uitm.edu.my M. A. Wahid marfi851@salam.uitm.edu.my W. K. Lee marfi851@salam.uitm.edu.my K. A. Hamid marfi851@salam.uitm.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171712 <b>Retracted:</b> The user experiences of pre-school children on the use of multi touch hand gestures towards fine motor skills: the experts’ and teachers’ reviews 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 F. M. Razali fadhlina@fskik.upsi.edu.my N. A. A. Aziz fadhlina@fskik.upsi.edu.my S. A. Salim fadhlina@fskik.upsi.edu.my R. M. Rasli fadhlina@fskik.upsi.edu.my N. F. Zulkefly fadhlina@fskik.upsi.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171713 <b>Retracted:</b> A study on performance of UWB indoor localization using directional antennas with RBF neural network 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 W. Vinicchayakul wipassorn@vru.ac.th P. Supanakoon wipassorn@vru.ac.th <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171714 <b>Retracted:</b> A study of microorganisms and quantitative analysis at ambiance atmosphere by passive air sampling method 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 N. S. Zainuddin syahiza@salam.uitm.edu.my M. H. M. Ali syahiza@salam.uitm.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171715 <b>Retracted:</b> Development of vegetable supply chain sustainability model in Thailand 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 W. Proykratok ake_interlogistics@hotmail.com W. Rattanawong ake_interlogistics@hotmail.com W. Chandraprakaikul ake_interlogistics@hotmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171720 <b>Retracted:</b> Modelling and simulation of high power factor three-phase AC-DC converter with wireless power transfer function using current injection hybrid resonant technique 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 R. Baharom rahimi6579@mail.com M. N. Seroji rahimi6579@mail.com A. R. Mahmud rahimi6579@mail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171721 <b>Retracted:</b> Investigation of tidal backwater effect in an estuary with idealised meandering river 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 I. N. Mohamad irma1095@salam.uitm.edu.my W. K. Lee irma1095@salam.uitm.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171722 <b>Retracted:</b> Three-phase ac to DC CIHRC with wireless power transfer Function 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 R. Baharom rahimi6579@mail.com M. N. Seroji rahimi6579@mail.com K. S. Muhammad rahimi6579@mail.com N. F. N. Ismail rahimi6579@mail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171723 <b>Retracted:</b> Integrated rfid technology and wireless mesh network platform for boarding school management 2019-02-07T12:37:45+00:00 C. Z. Zulkifli chezalina@fskik.upsi.edu.my H. N. Hassan chezalina@fskik.upsi.edu.my A. A. Zalay chezalina@fskik.upsi.edu.my S. M. Kamis chezalina@fskik.upsi.edu.my N. H. A. Hassan chezalina@fskik.upsi.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171725 <b>Retracted:</b> Statistically constrained economic design of variable parameters max chart 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 M. H. Lee shaneef@swinburne.edu.my M.H.A.S. Jamilah shaneef@swinburne.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171726 <b>Retracted:</b> Removal of copper metal through a hybrid bio-chemical precipitation process 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 L. N. Fariha nurul_fariha@salam.uitm.edu.my Y. Takashi nurul_fariha@salam.uitm.edu.my A. T. Suhaimi nurul_fariha@salam.uitm.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171727 <b>Retracted:</b> Disjunctive programming-tabu search (dp-ts) approach for job Shop scheduling problem 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 K. L. Wong wkl0718@hotmail.com S. Z. Nordin wkl0718@hotmail.com This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171728 <b>Retracted:</b> Expression of leptin-receptor (LEP-R) and Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) genes after a 12-week high Intensity interval training (HIIT) intervention among obese Individuals 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 T. O. S. Izwan sharifah_izwan@unisel.edu.my M. N. V. N. Sarawati sharifah_izwan@unisel.edu.my A. Z. N. Hidayah sharifah_izwan@unisel.edu.my J. M. Afifurrahman sharifah_izwan@unisel.edu.my N. F. M. Farah sharifah_izwan@unisel.edu.my M. Appukutty sharifah_izwan@unisel.edu.my A. F. M. Ludin sharifah_izwan@unisel.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171729 <b>Retracted:</b> Development and validation of the Malay interactive basic Nutrition module for food handlers 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 Z.M. Issa zurainim@salam.uitm.edu.my W. A. M. W. Muda zurainim@salam.uitm.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171730 <b>Retracted:</b> Heart rate conditioning based on beats per minute and accelerometer 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 H. Harun hawaharun95@gmail.com N. M. Khaidir hawaharun95@gmail.com Z. Said hawaharun95@gmail.com S. N. Mohamad hawaharun95@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171731 <b>Retracted:</b> Design of switch socket outlets distributions in buildings According to HSE standards using C language 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 N. A. Muslimin nurilazmi@mail.com C.M. Ting nurilazmi@mail.com A.M.M. Fadzil nurilazmi@mail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171732 <b>Retracted:</b> A comparative study of flow behaviour for ranque-hilsch Vortex tube 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 Y. Istihat yusman@unisel.edu.my W. Wisnoe yusman@unisel.edu.my O. Kurdi yusman@unisel.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171733 <b>Retracted:</b> Identification of the genus of stingless bee via image template 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 A. Nizam afifnizam96@gmail.com W.M. Isa afifnizam96@gmail.com A. Ali afifnizam96@gmail.com A. S. Robawi afifnizam96@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171734 <b>Retracted:</b> Impact of constraints towards performance of food manufacturing SMEs in Malaysia 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 N.I. Kamaruddin nurizaitunkamaruddin@gmail.com F.A. Khalid nurizaitunkamaruddin@gmail.com J. Jabar nurizaitunkamaruddin@gmail.com <p>There were no doubt regarding the superior contribution of SMES, which amounted to more than 70% of goods and services that are sold all over the world. There are still constraints in the development of SMEs that deteriorate the business performance and eventually could result in failures and bankruptcies. This study intended to investigate the constraints and their impacts to the performance of SMEs in the food manufacturing industry in Malaysia. This study has been able to conduct using quantitative method to 135 SMEs in food manufacturing and analyze using SPSS. It is found out that financial and external constraints are positively significant to the performance of SMEs in food manufacturing compared to institutional, internal and social constraints. In addition, this study provides a wide range of implications in the different context of use and acceptance in food manufacturing.<strong></strong></p><p><strong>Keywords</strong>: SMEs; food manufacturing; failure; performance; constraints</p><p><br /><br /><br /></p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171735 <b>Retracted:</b> Modeling and forecasting Malaysia’s Islamic stock market volatility 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 S. A. Mohammed aftar@ukm.edu.my M. A. A. Bakar aftar@ukm.edu.my N. M. Ariff aftar@ukm.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171736 <b>Retracted:</b> Microscopic analysis of bone microstructures with increasing age in Malaysian females 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 M. M. A. Jamil ijazkhan21sep@gmail.com I. Khan ijazkhan21sep@gmail.com H. Abdullah ijazkhan21sep@gmail.com F. M. Nor ijazkhan21sep@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171737 <b>Retracted:</b> Sex based histological comparison of Haversian canal in cortical bones of Malaysian citizens 2019-02-07T12:33:51+00:00 M. M. A. Jamil hadi.uthm@yahoo.com H. Abdullah hadi.uthm@yahoo.com I. Khan hadi.uthm@yahoo.com F. M. Nor hadi.uthm@yahoo.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171738 <b>Retracted:</b> Novel growth of aligned zinc oxide nanorod arrays on Mg<sub>0.3</sub>Zn<sub>0.7</sub>O seed layer and its rectifying behaviour 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 M. Salina msalina@unisel.edu.my N. A. Samah msalina@unisel.edu.my M. A. M Adnan msalina@unisel.edu.my M. Rusop msalina@unisel.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171739 <b>Retracted:</b> Biotransformation of acrylonitrile by resting cells of <i>Rhodococcus</i> UKMP-5m as biocatalyst 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 F. Sjahrir fridelina@unisel.edu.my M. N. Maniyam fridelina@unisel.edu.my A. L. Ibrahim fridelina@unisel.edu.my A. E. G. Cass fridelina@unisel.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171740 <b>Retracted:</b> The impact of corporate social responsibility on human resource management practices in manufacturing firms in the southern part of Malaysia 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 S. S. Omar sarah@uthm.edu.my S. W. Chan sarah@uthm.edu.my M. S. Ridwan sarah@uthm.edu.my A. R. Ahmad sarah@uthm.edu.my Z. Z. Ariffin sarah@uthm.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171741 <b>Retracted:</b> Visualization of exudates fundus images with graphical user interface for early detection of diabetic retinopathy 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 H. A. Hassan nooritawati@ieee.org N. M. Tahir nooritawati@ieee.org A. Zabidi nooritawati@ieee.org I.M. Yassin nooritawati@ieee.org <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171742 <b>Retracted:</b> Development for the stand of solar photovoltaic based on the direction and angle analysis at North Peninsular Malaysia 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 A. A. Malik azmanabm30@gmail.com S. M. M. Maharum azmanabm30@gmail.com M. Z. W. M. Tohid azmanabm30@gmail.com Z. Muhammad azmanabm30@gmail.com I. H. Hamzah azmanabm30@gmail.com Z. A. Halim azmanabm30@gmail.com M. K. Rahmat azmanabm30@gmail.com N. F. Haris azmanabm30@gmail.com Z. I. Rizman azmanabm30@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171744 <b>Retracted:</b> Encircling probe with multi-excitation frequency signal for depth crack defect in eddy current testing 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 J. K. S. Paw kharudin@tatiuc.edu.my K. Ali kharudin@tatiuc.edu.my C.K. Hen kharudin@tatiuc.edu.my A.N. Abdallah kharudin@tatiuc.edu.my T.J. Ding kharudin@tatiuc.edu.my N.A. Ahlam kharudin@tatiuc.edu.my N. Eirfan kharudin@tatiuc.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171746 <b>Retracted:</b> Examwiz: a development and implementation of an android based examintion 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 R. Rifin rozir7625@johor.uitm.edu.my T.E. Fang rozir7625@johor.uitm.edu.my A.F.Z. Abidin rozir7625@johor.uitm.edu.my A. Adam rozir7625@johor.uitm.edu.my M.A. Majid rozir7625@johor.uitm.edu.my A. Zainuddin rozir7625@johor.uitm.edu.my S.H. Mohammad rozir7625@johor.uitm.edu.my M.H. Harun rozir7625@johor.uitm.edu.my Z.I. Rizman rozir7625@johor.uitm.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171747 <b>Retracted: </b> The use of virtual environment and augmented reality to support engineering education and enhance visualization skills 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 M. Omar dayanafarzeeha@utm.my D.F. Ali dayanafarzeeha@utm.my M. Mokhtar dayanafarzeeha@utm.my A.H. Abdullah dayanafarzeeha@utm.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171749 <b>Retracted:</b> Smart cane with human detection capabilities for blind people 2019-02-07T12:20:25+00:00 M. H. A. Rahman mfarids@salam.uitm.edu.my A. A. Abdullah mfarids@salam.uitm.edu.my A. M. Mohammad mfarids@salam.uitm.edu.my M.K. Nordin mfarids@salam.uitm.edu.my M. S. A. Megat Ali mfarids@salam.uitm.edu.my M. F. Saaid mfarids@salam.uitm.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171752 <b>Rectracted:</b> A learning 3D geometry through sketchup make (SPPD-SUM) to enhance visual spatial skills and the level of geometric thinking 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 R. A. Wahab p-halim@utm.my A. H. Abdullah p-halim@utm.my M. S. Abu p-halim@utm.my N. A. Atan p-halim@utm.my M. Mokhtar p-halim@utm.my M. H. Hamzah p-halim@utm.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171807 <b>Retracted:</b> The development of monitoring system for street light based on internet-of-things (IOT) application 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 H. M. Asraf masraf@johor.uitm.edu.my K. A. Nur Dalila masraf@johor.uitm.edu.my Z. M. Yusoff masraf@johor.uitm.edu.my M. T. Nooritawati masraf@johor.uitm.edu.my Z. I. Rizman masraf@johor.uitm.edu.my <div>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</div><p style="margin-bottom: 0cm;" align="LEFT"> </p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171809 <b>Retracted:</b> Parameter influence in wireless power transfer system using analysis of Taguchi method 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 W. K. M. Razali azmanabm30@gmail.com N. G. N. Daud azmanabm30@gmail.com F. R. Hashim azmanabm30@gmail.com A. M. Azman azmanabm30@gmail.com I. H. Hamzah3 azmanabm30@gmail.com S. Sahlan azmanabm30@gmail.com M. A. Hadzrami azmanabm30@gmail.com M. Z. Zuki azmanabm30@gmail.com P. Ravethran azmanabm30@gmail.com Z. I. Rizman azmanabm30@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171810 <b>Retracted:</b> Superimposed technique in wireless power transfer 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 W. K. M. Razali azmanabm30@gmail.com A. Abu Bakar azmanabm30@gmail.com F. R. Hashim azmanabm30@gmail.com A.M. Azman azmanabm30@gmail.com I.H. Hamzah azmanabm30@gmail.com Z.I. Rizman azmanabm30@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171821 <b>Retracted:</b> Effect of mechanical strength on nitrile butadiene rubber in blending diesel and palm biodiesel 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 M. A. Ariffin arzai276@tganu.uitm.edu.my A. Andriyana arzai276@tganu.uitm.edu.my N. Ismail arzai276@tganu.uitm.edu.my M. F. M. Mazelan arzai276@tganu.uitm.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171825 <b>Retracted:</b> Systematic literature review of decision support model for Improvement initiatives selection 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 A. W. M. Ikbar mikbar@unikl.edu.my S. Khairanum mikbar@unikl.edu.my M. D. M. Amran mikbar@unikl.edu.my A. B. F. Anwar mikbar@unikl.edu.my B. R. Roslan mikbar@unikl.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171826 <b> Retracted:</b>Modelling foreigners’ perception, motivation, satisfaction and destination loyalty: an investigation on tourists, expatriates and international retirees in Malaysia 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 C. H. Tan chtan@mmu.edu.my X.W. Chong chtan@mmu.edu.my S.B. Ho chtan@mmu.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171827 <b>Retracted:</b> Significance of personalized learning style in promoting E-technology 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 S.B. Ho sbho@mmu.edu.my S.K. Teh sbho@mmu.edu.my G.Y. Chan sbho@mmu.edu.my I. Chai sbho@mmu.edu.my C.H. Tan sbho@mmu.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171828 <b>Retracted:</b> A study on consumer adoption of ride-hailing apps in Malaysia 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 K. B. Lim yeo.sook.fern@mmu.edu.my S.F. Yeo yeo.sook.fern@mmu.edu.my M.L. Goh yeo.sook.fern@mmu.edu.my J.A.X. Gan yeo.sook.fern@mmu.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171829 <b>Retracted:</b> A study on consumer switching behaviour in telecommunication industry 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 K. B. Lim yeo.sook.fern@mmu.edu.my S.F. Yeo yeo.sook.fern@mmu.edu.my M.L. Goh yeo.sook.fern@mmu.edu.my W.M. Koh yeo.sook.fern@mmu.edu.my This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171830 <b>Retracted:</b> Hypothesis of relationships between personalities with continuance intention to perform internet vigilantism among undergraduates in Universiti Teknologi Mara (UITM) 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 M. S. Abu Bakar drmohdsyuhaidi@gmail.com R.N.A.R. Ayob drmohdsyuhaidi@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171831 <b>Retracted:</b> Factors influencing behaviour intention to use E-books among Malaysian university students 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 C.S. Cheah yeo.sook.fern@mmu.edu.my S.F. Yeo yeo.sook.fern@mmu.edu.my W.Y. Lim yeo.sook.fern@mmu.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171832 <b>Retracted:</b> Examining the relationship of website security, online perceived value and online purchase intention: evidences from Malaysia and Thailand online shopping context 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 N. A. S. Abu Bakar azri5485@gmail.com A. Aminallah azri5485@gmail.com S. S. Ab Rahim azri5485@gmail.com N. M. Zam azri5485@gmail.com S. Abd Rahman azri5485@gmail.com V. Veerayangkur azri5485@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171833 <b>Retracted:</b> Guests motives for participation in peer to peer accommodation: evidence from Malaysia 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 I. Awang. Razli salam383@salam.uitm.edu.my S.A. Jamal salam383@salam.uitm.edu.my M.S. Mohd Zahari salam383@salam.uitm.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171834 <b>Retracted:</b> A review of value dimensions in tourism service oriented field Via paradigm funnel 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 N. Kamdi salam383@salam.uitm.edu.my S.A. Jamal salam383@salam.uitm.edu.my F.I. Anuar salam383@salam.uitm.edu.my This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171836 <b>Retracted:</b> Word of mouth engagement in online brand community: a Systematic literature review analysis 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 A. Ngelambong anderson@ppinang.uitm.edu.my M. W. Omar anderson@ppinang.uitm.edu.my S. Kibat anderson@ppinang.uitm.edu.my N. M. Nor anderson@ppinang.uitm.edu.my Z. M. Rani anderson@ppinang.uitm.edu.my This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.<p> </p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171837 <b>Retracted</b> :Social entrepreneurship intention: from literature review to Conceptual framework 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 S. D. M. Wahid sitid365@melaka.uitm.edu.my A. H. Ayob sitid365@melaka.uitm.edu.my W. M. H. Wan Hussain sitid365@melaka.uitm.edu.my S. Ismail sitid365@melaka.uitm.edu.my This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171838 <b>Retracted:</b> The decision making on mutual investment of thai investors 2019-02-07T12:31:38+00:00 M. Kowhakul mukda.k@rsu.ac.th <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171839 <b>Retracted:</b> E-payment behavior of people in bangkok metropolitan region, Thailand 2019-02-07T12:32:02+00:00 P. Liengpradit pajaree.l@rsu.ac.th <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171840 <b>Retracted</b>: The influence of social media consumption on gen Z consumers’ attitude 2019-02-07T12:32:41+00:00 F. M. Yussof fatrisha@melaka.uitm.edu.my A. Harun fatrisha@melaka.uitm.edu.my N. S. Norizan fatrisha@melaka.uitm.edu.my N. Durani fatrisha@melaka.uitm.edu.my I. Jamil fatrisha@melaka.uitm.edu.my S. M. Salleh fatrisha@melaka.uitm.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171850 <b>Retracted</b>: Linking relationship benefit and word of mouth engagement in hospitality online brand community: the mediating role of relationship quality 2019-02-07T12:33:24+00:00 A. Ngelambong anderson@ppinang.uitm.edu.my H.F. Ariffin anderson@ppinang.uitm.edu.my A. H. Zulkifli anderson@ppinang.uitm.edu.my S. Kibat anderson@ppinang.uitm.edu.my J. A. Ahmad anderson@ppinang.uitm.edu.my I. M. Akhir anderson@ppinang.uitm.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171976 <b>Retracted:</b> Setup and operational cost analysis of 1 Horse power rated split unit inverter and non inverter air conditioner for home usage in Malaysia 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 M. F. M. Mazelan faizmazelan@tganu.uitm.edu.my M. A. Ariffin faizmazelan@tganu.uitm.edu.my S. N. A. Aznam faizmazelan@tganu.uitm.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171993 <b>Retracted:</b> A review on comparison of technologies and progress of a smart grid development in Malaysia and Singapore 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 N. I. Ilham iqtiyani9089@johor.uitm.edu.my R. Rifin iqtiyani9089@johor.uitm.edu.my N.D. Ahmad iqtiyani9089@johor.uitm.edu.my N. H. Abdul Rahman iqtiyani9089@johor.uitm.edu.my Y. Yusrina iqtiyani9089@johor.uitm.edu.my M. Hussain iqtiyani9089@johor.uitm.edu.my E.H. Mat Saat iqtiyani9089@johor.uitm.edu.my A. F. Abidin iqtiyani9089@johor.uitm.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171858 <b>Retracted</b> The information potential of the state and society 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 R. B. Bryukhov kovalenko1288@mail.ru A. V. Gubareva kovalenko1288@mail.ru K.E. Kovalenko kovalenko1288@mail.ru S. A. Stepanov kovalenko1288@mail.ru <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171860 <b>Retracted:</b> Stabilization and development of the Russian Economy 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 R. B. Bryukhov kovalenko1288@mail.ru A. V. Gubareva kovalenko1288@mail.ru K. E. Kovalenko kovalenko1288@mail.ru A.V. Mayfat kovalenko1288@mail.ru <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p><p> </p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171865 <b>Retracted:</b> Modern inflation level in Russia and peculiarities of anti-inflation state policy 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 V. A. Bublik kovalenko1288@mail.ru A. V. Gubareva kovalenko1288@mail.ru K. E. Kovalenko kovalenko1288@mail.ru A. V. Stepanchenko kovalenko1288@mail.ru <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171883 <b>Retracted:</b> The problem of development of recycling secondary raw materials in Russia 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 L.N. Berg kovalenko1288@mail.ru A.V. Gubareva kovalenko1288@mail.ru K.E. Kovalenko kovalenko1288@mail.ru A.V. Stepanchenko kovalenko1288@mail.ru <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171885 <b>Retracted:</b> Study of the type of diet and nutritional habits of people in Sabzevar, iran 2016 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 M. M. Hazavehei delavari27@yahoo.com B. Moeini delavari27@yahoo.com S. J. Mirmoosavi delavari27@yahoo.com A. K. Shahanjarini delavari27@yahoo.com A. R. Moslem delavari27@yahoo.com A. Moghimbeigi delavari27@yahoo.com M. D. Heravi delavari27@yahoo.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171893 <b>Retracted:</b> Social factors affecting personality disorders 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 T. Hamzeh Poor Haghighy mohseny.maryam0@gmail.com P. Amiri mohseny.maryam0@gmail.com S. M. S. Vaziri mohseny.maryam0@gmail.com M. Goudarzian mohseny.maryam0@gmail.com F. Hasannezhad mohseny.maryam0@gmail.com E. R. Eradfar mohseny.maryam0@gmail.com M. Mohseny mohseny.maryam0@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171894 <b>Retracted:</b> Improving the efficiency of the mechanism of redistribution of the gross domestic product through optimization of expenditures of the consolidated budget in the Russian federation 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 A. A. Tatuev arsen.tatuev@mail.ru A. M. Ashkhotov arsen.tatuev@mail.ru V. V. Rokotyanskaya arsen.tatuev@mail.ru B. B. Bidova arsen.tatuev@mail.ru M. A. Davletmirzayeva arsen.tatuev@mail.ru <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171895 <b>Retracted:</b> Frame mechanism for analyzing and identifying pathologic Anatomic images 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 R. Nasim nassim.rustamov@ayu.edu.kz T. Abdimukhan nassim.rustamov@ayu.edu.kz K. Bekzat nassim.rustamov@ayu.edu.kz A. Galimgan nassim.rustamov@ayu.edu.kz This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171897 <b>Retracted:</b> Comparison of iterative methods with order of convergence three and four 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 T. P. Mateva touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171901 <b>Retracted:</b> Research of the reconfigurable cross-platform computing system for the digital signal processing 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 A. I. Martyshkin alexey314@yandex.ru <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171902 <b>Retracted:</b> Algorithm of global extremum search area definition for several variables function 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 R. G. Asadullaev touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz V. V. Lomakin touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171903 <b>Retracted:</b> Basic operation principles of associate co-processor module for specialized computer systems based on programmable logical integral schemes 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 A. I. Martyshkin alexey314@yandex.ru <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171905 <b>Retracted:</b> Electricity consumption decrease at pump stations during watering By multi-support sprinkling units 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 F. K. Abdrazakov touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz N. F. Ryzhko touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz S. N. Ryzhko touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz S. A. Horin touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz S. V. Botov touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171907 <b>Retracted:</b> The increase of qualitative indicators during watering with multiple support sprinklers 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 N. F. Ryzhko touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz F. K. Abdrazakov touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz S. N. Ryzhko touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz S. V. Botov touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz S. A. Khorin touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171910 <b>Retracted:</b> Innovative capacity of the region: integrated assessment and development mechanism 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 V. V. Rokotyanskaya rokotyanskay_v_v@mail.ru <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171912 <b>Retracted:</b> A study on the role of the internet of things (IOT) in gaining competitive advantage for businesses 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 A. H. Amirkhani amirhosseinamirkhani944@gmail.com S. A. S. M. Sahebalam amirhosseinamirkhani944@gmail.com A. K. Moradi amirhosseinamirkhani944@gmail.com R. Firoozpour amirhosseinamirkhani944@gmail.com H. Changizi amirhosseinamirkhani944@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171996 <b>Retracted:</b> Determining the relationship between serum procalcitonin level and death of patients with burns referring to Sina Hospital in Tabriz during 2015-2017 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 S. Taghizadeh Sepehrtaghizadeh10@gmail.com M. Gholipoor Sepehrtaghizadeh10@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171999 <b>Retracted:</b> Professional personological self-efficiency in specialist’s training system 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 L. V. Vakhidova touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz E. М. Gabitova touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz V. G. Ivanov touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172003 <b>Retracted:</b> Psychological characteristics of victim behavior at preadult age (based on observations of law students) 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 L. Stukolova touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz G. Ivantsova touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz E. Chernova touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz E. Kosykh touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172004 <b>Retracted:</b> Main tendencies and forming factors ofthe teacher's professional readiness in the context of the person-centred educational paradigm 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 M. I. Lukyanova lukjanovami@gmail.ru O. I. Donina lukjanovami@gmail.ru I. V. Aryabkina lukjanovami@gmail.ru M. A. Kovardakova lukjanovami@gmail.ru <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172005 <b>Retracted:</b> Corrosion inhibitors based on heterocyclic compounds of petrochemical 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 A. I. Gabitov gabitov.azat@mail.ru L. Z. Rolnik gabitov.azat@mail.ru E. A. Udalova gabitov.azat@mail.ru V.V. Yamilova gabitov.azat@mail.ru S. G. Zubairov gabitov.azat@mail.ru <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172006 <b>Retracted:</b> Small business taxation in European countries: crucial points, specific features and potential adaptation of advantageous options 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 S. V. Kaledin sergei_kaledin@gmail.ru V. I. Barkhatov sergei_kaledin@gmail.ru Y. S. Kapkaev sergei_kaledin@gmail.ru E. V. Shestakova sergei_kaledin@gmail.ru <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172007 <b>Retracted:</b> Deployment and redeployment of labor of the region (The case of the republic of Bashkortostan) 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 E. R. Mamleeva elik74@bk.ru N. V. Beschastnova elik74@bk.ru M. Y. Sazykina elik74@bk.ru A. V. Mar’ina elik74@bk.ru G. V. Yakshibaeva elik74@bk.ru <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172010 <b>Retracted:</b> Impact of distributive and procedural justice on turnover intention and counterproductive work behavior: mediating role of organizational cynicism 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 P. E. P. Afghan haizam@iumw.edu.my H. Arry haizam@iumw.edu.my B. Arry haizam@iumw.edu.my M.H. Mohd Saudi haizam@iumw.edu.my H.O. Sinaga haizam@iumw.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172021 <b>Retracted:</b> Experimental investigation of different rules size of fuzzy logic controller for vector control of induction motor drives 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 N. S. Y. Farah hairulnizam@utem.edu.my M.H.N. Talib hairulnizam@utem.edu.my Z. Ibrahim hairulnizam@utem.edu.my Z. Rasin hairulnizam@utem.edu.my Z.I. Rizman hairulnizam@utem.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172033 Haste, its types, and consequences from the perspective of quranic verses and islamic narrations 2021-05-04T09:40:44+00:00 B. Mehraki Dr.b.mehraki@gmail.com A. Shirazinezhad Dr.b.mehraki@gmail.com M. A. Sookhaklari Dr.b.mehraki@gmail.com <p>The main questions addressed in this study are: What is the meaning of haste? When is haste appreciated or depreciated according to the Islamic ethics and narratives? What are the consequences of depreciated haste? And how can one prevent depreciated haste and its consequences?<br>According to the findings of this study, mankind as the apostle of creatures has the full authority and power to do things, but he is required to do an all-inclusive analysis of all of his life affairs, and in order to achieve his desirable and perfect goals, he must refrain from haste and rush. In addition, if the meaning of haste is clarified in the individual and social life of mankind, its constructive and influential role in life aspects will be determined. When haste comes with components like neglecting preoperative thinking, it will be a major obstacle to peace and construction.<br>As the findings of this study suggested, the negative consequences of haste can be prevented by trusting in God, foresight and prudence in life affairs, strengthening peace of mind, raising the threshold of tolerance, and taking expert actions and sound planning.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172035 <b>Retracted:</b> A conceptual model for searching relevant scientific publications in large databases using agent-based text mining 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 M. Khashfeh mou2ayad@gmail.com M. A. Mahmoud mou2ayad@gmail.com M. S. Ahmad mou2ayad@gmail.com S. S. Gunasekaran mou2ayad@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172037 <b>Retracted:</b> Improving automatic chess problem composition by emphasizing conventions 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 A. Iqbal azlan@uniten.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172038 <b>Retracted:</b> In search for a viable pedagogical agent in assistive applications for dyslexic children 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 Z. Jamaludin zulie@uum.edu.my H. Husni zulie@uum.edu.my M. M. Alobaedy zulie@uum.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172041 <b>Retracted:</b> Integration of learner’s model into learning management system environment 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 L. E. Heng ehlim@utar.edu.my A. Sangodiah ehlim@utar.edu.my M. Muniandy ehlim@utar.edu.my P.K. Yuen ehlim@utar.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172042 <b>Retracted:</b> Investigating the factors that influence the efficiency of using robots as social skills therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 N. A. B. Amran MiraStyles08@gmail.com S. S. Gunasekaran MiraStyles08@gmail.com M. A. Mahmoud MiraStyles08@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172043 <b>Retracted:</b> Prediction of success of movies using data analytics techniques 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 A. Sakib nilamnur@utm.my N. N. A. Sjarif nilamnur@utm.my K. Kamardin nilamnur@utm.my S. M. Daud nilamnur@utm.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172044 <b>Retracted:</b> Adsorption of copper ions onto cellulose xanthogenate derived from cogon grass (<i>Imperata cylindrica</i>) leaf powder 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 M. A. K. M. Hanafiah makmh@pahang.uitm.edu.my Z. Othman makmh@pahang.uitm.edu.my G. Redzwan makmh@pahang.uitm.edu.my S. Ibrahim makmh@pahang.uitm.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172045 <b>Retracted:</b> Civic engagement education: a case study of millennial in Langkawi island and Tuba 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 M. H. Azizan muhammad@unishams.edu.my A. Azmi muhammad@unishams.edu.my R. A. Ramli muhammad@unishams.edu.my M. S. Zulkafli muhammad@unishams.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172057 <b>Retracted:</b> Innovative approach to improving energy efficiency level of the Russian economy 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 R. I. Khansevyarov prekrasnova.v@mail.ru <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172060 <b>Retracted:</b> Analysis on the performance of 500w wind turbine in ducting System 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 A. A. Malik azmanabm30@gmail.com S. M. M. Maharum azmanabm30@gmail.com M. Z. W. Mohd Tohid azmanabm30@gmail.com I. H. Hamzah azmanabm30@gmail.com M. K. Rahmat azmanabm30@gmail.com N. F. Haris azmanabm30@gmail.com M. L. Mansor azmanabm30@gmail.com M. H. Che Hasni azmanabm30@gmail.com Z. I. Rizman azmanabm30@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172063 <b>Retracted:</b> Power monitoring system for wind turbine in ducting system using Arduino and labview application 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 A. A. Malik azmanabm30@gmail.com S. M. M. Maharum azmanabm30@gmail.com M. Z. W. Mohd Tohid azmanabm30@gmail.com I. H. Hamzah azmanabm30@gmail.com M. K. Rahmat azmanabm30@gmail.com N. F. Haris azmanabm30@gmail.com M. L. Mansor azmanabm30@gmail.com Z. I. Rizman azmanabm30@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172070 <b>Retracted:</b> Comparative study of nasal polyp with Bawseer–e-Anff in Persian medicine sources 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 B. Parvin m.yousofpoor@yahoo.com S. A. Madani m.yousofpoor@yahoo.com B. M. Aliabadi m.yousofpoor@yahoo.com M. Kamalinejad m.yousofpoor@yahoo.com M. Yousofpoor m.yousofpoor@yahoo.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172072 <b>Retracted:</b> Effect of mentha longifolia nasal spray 1.5% on clinical manifestations of 10 patients with nasal polyposis, case series study 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 B. Parvin m.yousofpoor@yahoo.com S. A. Madani m.yousofpoor@yahoo.com B. M. Aliabadi m.yousofpoor@yahoo.com M. Kamalinejad m.yousofpoor@yahoo.com A. Alipour m.yousofpoor@yahoo.com M. Yousofpoor m.yousofpoor@yahoo.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171812 <b>Retracted:</b> Design and analysis of diesel generator with battery storage for microgrid system 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 A. Khamis alias@utem.edu.my M. R. A. Ghani alias@utem.edu.my C. K. Gan alias@utem.edu.my M. S. M. Aras alias@utem.edu.my M. A. H. N. Rahim alias@utem.edu.my Z. I. Rizman alias@utem.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info..</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171889 <b>Retracted:</b> Assessment of trace elements in drinking water sources: a case study, Majmaah region, KSA 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 M. S. Lakshmana manjunatha_s@yahoo.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171943 <b>Retracted:</b> Sociological study of the roles of the development level and development experience in creating or modifying fear of crime: a case study of central cities in Hamadan province 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 M. Reshadi mnreshadi@gmail.com B. Zare mnreshadi@gmail.com P. Danesh mnreshadi@gmail.com S. Ghaderi mnreshadi@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172074 <b>Retracted:</b> The problem of organ and tissue transplantation ethical and legal aspects 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 E. V. Savoschikova touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz E. I. Maksimenko touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz M. A. Ivanova touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz N. Yu. Davydova touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172075 <b>Retracted:</b> Gross product growth: a multiplicative factor model 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 S. B. Kuznetsov sbk@ngs.ru <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172077 <b>Retracted:</b> The relationship between creativity and academic performance with computer games in secondary school male students in Isfahan 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 M. Sobhaninejad hassantajdari1@gmail.com M. H. Tajdary hassantajdari1@gmail.com K. Esmaeili hassantajdari1@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172080 <b>Retracted:</b> Location based mobile app for doctor’s appointment in Saudi Arabia with supervised learning prediction 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 D. Mavaluru touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz M. A. Mohamed touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz A. A. Bakhamis touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172083 <b>Retracted:</b> Acceptance of doctor appointment app: an empirical study in Saudi Arabia 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 D. Mavaluru touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz A. A. Bakhamis touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz M.A. Mohamed touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172085 <b>Retracted:</b> A survey of jundishapur medical sciences university students viewpoints in Ahvaz considering the effective components in the marketing process of libraries based on the principles of marketing mix (9P's model) 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 Z. Sabaghinejad touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz F. Hosseinizadeh touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz F. Azadeh touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz A. Farajpahlou touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172087 <b>Retracted:</b> Clostridium difficile infection in hospitalized patients and their transfer to the community level 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 S. Taghizadeh Sepehrtaghizadeh10@gmail.com H. S. Kafil Sepehrtaghizadeh10@gmail.com H. Nasiri Sepehrtaghizadeh10@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172088 <b>Retracted:</b> Functional polymorphisms of the fractalkine receptor gene and atherosclerosis risk factors in patients with coronary artery disease 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 Z. Taherpour zh_taherpour@yahoo.com A. Ghadiri zh_taherpour@yahoo.com S. Yazdankhah zh_taherpour@yahoo.com S. M. H. Adel zh_taherpour@yahoo.com P. Ghandil zh_taherpour@yahoo.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172089 <b>Retracted:</b> Using grounded theory to designing the conceptual model of resiliency supply chain in national Iranian oil company 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 A. Jafarnejad touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz E. Asgharizadeh touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz M. R. A. Jokar touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz M. B. Azar touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172090 <b>Retracted:</b> Development of methodological approaches to assessing the competitiveness of the economy 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 M. I. Abuzjarova touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172091 <b>Retracted:</b> Development of methodological approaches to improving the efficiency of resource-saving production 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 O. S. Andreev touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172093 <b>Retracted:</b> The relationship between multiple sclerosis and recombinant hepatitis B vaccine 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 S. Taghizadeh Sepehrtaghizadeh10@gmail.com F. Abdi Sepehrtaghizadeh10@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172099 <b>Retracted:</b> Cognitive disorders and sexual dysfunction in women with gynecologic cancers undergoing cancer treatment in Tehran, 2016 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 S. Akhavan dr.yazdanmehr@gmail.com M. Modaresgilani dr.yazdanmehr@gmail.com A. Mousavi dr.yazdanmehr@gmail.com S. S. Hasani dr.yazdanmehr@gmail.com K. Yazdanmehr dr.yazdanmehr@gmail.com M. Yazdanmehr dr.yazdanmehr@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172100 <b>Retracted:</b> Design and analysis of high sensitive PHC based sensor for methane gas detection 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 H. J. Patil touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz T. S. Indumathi touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz P. Sharan touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172101 <b>Retracted:</b> Flood estimation model derived from weather radar: method and validation for 2013 Malaysian flood event 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 A.B. Basri atikahbalqis32@gmail.com A. F. Ismail atikahbalqis32@gmail.com K. Badron atikahbalqis32@gmail.com M. H. Khairolanuar atikahbalqis32@gmail.com N. H. M. Sobli atikahbalqis32@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172102 <b>Retracted:</b> Tax regulation of the self-employed 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 V. V. Grib kovalenko1288@mail.ru A. V. Gubareva kovalenko1288@mail.ru K. E. Kovalenko kovalenko1288@mail.ru E. V. Vitman kovalenko1288@mail.ru <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172103 <b>Retracted:</b> Current trends in the development of civil legislation 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 V. V. Grib kovalenko1288@mail.ru A. V. Gubareva kovalenko1288@mail.ru K. E. Kovalenko kovalenko1288@mail.ru E. V. Vitman kovalenko1288@mail.ru <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p><p> </p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172104 <b>Retracted:</b> Methodological substantiation of business development in Russia 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 M. I. Abuzyarova ecun@sseu.ru <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172105 <b>Retracted:</b> Intelligent decision support system for operators of the supply department of oil and gas extracting industry 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 F. Abu-Abed aafares@mail.ru A. Khabarov aafares@mail.ru <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172106 <b>Retracted:</b> Calculation and construction of optical elements of light devices 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 I. I. Bayneva touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172107 <b>Retracted:</b> The development of metacognitive-based genetic learning Instruments at senior high school 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 E. Nusantari elyanusantari@ung.ac.id <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172108 <b>Retracted:</b> Comparative study of psychological health status, emotions and cognitive transformation of children held in foster centers associated with Yazd province’s welfare organization with those of the ordinary children 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 V. Alinia va.alinia@uswr.ac.ir M. Fesahat va.alinia@uswr.ac.ir <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172112 <b>Retracted:</b> Association of capillaroscopy findings in nailfold with color doppler changes in wrist and fingers of patients with collagen vascular disease 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 P. Dehghan a10a.soltanzadi@gmail.com A. Soltanzadi a10a.soltanzadi@gmail.com A. Niaei a10a.soltanzadi@gmail.com A. Rajaei a10a.soltanzadi@gmail.com H. Vakili a10a.soltanzadi@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172113 <b>Retracted:</b> Application of the operational transconductanceamplifier (OTA) based low pass filter ( LPF) 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 R. Hamdaouy ridouane.hamdaouy@usmba.ac.ma M. Boussetta ridouane.hamdaouy@usmba.ac.ma K. Slaoui ridouane.hamdaouy@usmba.ac.ma <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172115 <b>Retracted:</b> The influence of molybdenic monocrystal growing conditions on the perfection of their structure 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 B. S. Predtechensky borpred@mail.ru M. V. Fomina borpred@mail.ru This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172118 <b>Retracted:</b> Management quality improvement methodology of educational process organization by software implementation 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 E. Yu. Andrusenko touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz A. A. Egizaryants touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz N. A. Lapshin touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz V. E. Belchenko touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz I. V. Belchenko touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz S. S. Sogoyan touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz R. A. Dyachenko touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172124 <b>Retracted:</b> The approximation algorithms for analyzing of the dynamic characteristics of the probing signal generators for the geotechnical monitoring systems 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 O. R. Kuzichkin kuzichkin@bsu.edu.ru G. S. Vasilyev kuzichkin@bsu.edu.ru A. V. Grecheneva kuzichkin@bsu.edu.ru D. I. Surzhik kuzichkin@bsu.edu.ru N. V. Dorofeev kuzichkin@bsu.edu.ru I. A. Kurilov kuzichkin@bsu.edu.ru <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172130 <b>Retracted:</b> Implementation of flip flops using QCA tool 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 R. Karthik karthik.r@mlrinstitutions.ac.in S. R. Kassa karthik.r@mlrinstitutions.ac.in <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172135 <b>Retracted:</b> A novel approach for noise filtering from diabetic retinopathy images using improved pillar K-means algorithm 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 S. V. Gogula susmitagv@gmail.com R. Karthik susmitagv@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172139 <b>Retracted:</b> Investigation of the effective factors in selecting cultivation model of agricultural products in South Kerman according to farmers’ view 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 H. Alipour halipur2001@yahoo.com R. Salarkarimi halipur2001@yahoo.com N. Alziadeh halipur2001@yahoo.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172144 <b>Retracted:</b> A survey of Malay genome project (MGP) from Malaysian perspectives 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 N. Anas norazmianas@perak.uitm.edu.my E. E. Alwi norazmianas@perak.uitm.edu.my Z. Yaacob norazmianas@perak.uitm.edu.my W. W. Taib norazmianas@perak.uitm.edu.my M. H. Razali norazmianas@perak.uitm.edu.my Z. M. Ghazali norazmianas@perak.uitm.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172321 <b>Retracted:</b> Development model of digital Quran based on technology Acceptance in learning performance 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 N. Anas norazmianas@perak.uitm.edu.my M. I. M. Ariff norazmianas@perak.uitm.edu.my Z. Mohd. Ghazali norazmianas@perak.uitm.edu.my Z. Yaacob norazmianas@perak.uitm.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172145 <b>Retracted:</b> Development of web portal for sharing and capturing knowledge: a study in military tacit knowledge for officer cadets at Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia (UPNM) 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 Z. Zainol zuraini@upnm.edu.my A. M. Azahari zuraini@upnm.edu.my S. Marzukhi zuraini@upnm.edu.my M. N. Sudin zuraini@upnm.edu.my P. N. E Nohuddin zuraini@upnm.edu.my O. Zakaria zuraini@upnm.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172156 <b>Retracted:</b> Applied of the reflection strategy of fuzzy on high complex power system frequency control 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 A. S. Jaber aqe77el@yahoo.com A. N. Abdalla aqe77el@yahoo.com N. Shalash aqe77el@yahoo.com A. Z. B. Ahmed aqe77el@yahoo.com H. Abdulkarim aqe77el@yahoo.com A. Abaas aqe77el@yahoo.com A. Khalifa aqe77el@yahoo.com H. Hassan aqe77el@yahoo.com Y. Jabbar aqe77el@yahoo.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172158 <b>Retracted:</b> Power system stability enhancement using different facts devices: a review 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 Z. Kamis zalina_fz@yahoo.com.sg M. R. A. Ghani zalina_fz@yahoo.com.sg M. N. Kamarudin zalina_fz@yahoo.com.sg H. N. M. Shah zalina_fz@yahoo.com.sg <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172162 <b>Retracted:</b> Application of Maqasid Al-Shari'ah in evaluating Fiqh Jihad of religious extremism 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 M. I. Abd Razak imranrazak@perak.uitm.edu.my M. A. Ramli imranrazak@perak.uitm.edu.my R. A. Abdul Rahim imranrazak@perak.uitm.edu.my N. H. Aziz imranrazak@perak.uitm.edu.my N. Anas imranrazak@perak.uitm.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172165 <b>Retracted:</b> A proposed framework of relationship between service quality, corporate image, satisfaction and loyalty in higher TVET Universities 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 H. Sallaudin sallaudin@unikl.edu.my S. M. Farid sallaudin@unikl.edu.my M. Ishamuddin sallaudin@unikl.edu.my S. Athirah sallaudin@unikl.edu.my A. Rohaizan sallaudin@unikl.edu.my B. R. Roslan sallaudin@unikl.edu.my A. W. M. Ikbar sallaudin@unikl.edu.my A. K. Firdaus sallaudin@unikl.edu.my Z. M. Haziq sallaudin@unikl.edu.my J. Jimisiah sallaudin@unikl.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172167 <b>Retracted:</b> Influence of servicescape factors on revisit intention of Generation Y to a shopping mall 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 H. N. Hashima norhashima@salam.uitm.edu.my O. N. Azreen norhashima@salam.uitm.edu.my B. Sharmin norhashima@salam.uitm.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172169 <b>Retracted:</b> Determination of bio-alcohol composition using orange peel Via anaerobic digestion in a batch system 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 O. S. J. Elham sitiafifahm@unikl.edu.my S. A. Muda sitiafifahm@unikl.edu.my A. Muhammad sitiafifahm@unikl.edu.my S. N. A Sanusi sitiafifahm@unikl.edu.my A. Mohd Azri sitiafifahm@unikl.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172173 <b>Retracted:</b> Entrepreneurial orientation fosters the effects of open innovation on SME performance in Malaysia 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 F. Abdul Khalid najatulhaya43@gmail.com N. H. Pairan najatulhaya43@gmail.com J. Jabar najatulhaya43@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172184 <b>Retracted:</b> Successful factors for managing non-technological innovation in Malaysian public sector 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 Z. N. Ab Rahman zetyrahman@outlook.com N. Ismail zetyrahman@outlook.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172185 <b>Retracted:</b> Criteria of energy efficient label certification in Malaysia 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 M.N. Ridzuan nazmi41191@gmail.com N. Ismail nazmi41191@gmail.com B. C. Chew nazmi41191@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172186 <b>Retracted:</b> Potential revenue from solid waste recycling practices in faculty of civil engineering UiTM Johor, Pasir Gudang campus 2019-02-07T12:20:26+00:00 H. B. Ismail herdabalqis@johor.uitm.edu.my A. C. Hassan herdabalqis@johor.uitm.edu.my M. H. Jamal herdabalqis@johor.uitm.edu.my J. Martin herdabalqis@johor.uitm.edu.my M. Z. M. Salleh herdabalqis@johor.uitm.edu.my W. S. W. Chik herdabalqis@johor.uitm.edu.my N. R. A. Rahim herdabalqis@johor.uitm.edu.my N. A. U. Yusof herdabalqis@johor.uitm.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172187 <b>Retracted:</b> ICT procurement process: a pilot study of the pre-tender process 2019-02-07T12:20:27+00:00 M. M. Vaheed maaruf.vaheed@gmail.com M. N. H. Tahir maaruf.vaheed@gmail.com M. A. Burhanuddin maaruf.vaheed@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172188 <b>Retracted:</b> The impact of impulse buying behavior on customers purchasing decisions 2019-02-07T12:20:27+00:00 N. Z. Nizam zarirah@utem.edu.my S. H. Lee zarirah@utem.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172189 <b>Retracted:</b> Profiling the promotion of green technology in industry through GTFs 2019-02-07T12:20:27+00:00 O. Adebiyi deprince002@yahoo.com N. Mohamad deprince002@yahoo.com M. A. Murad deprince002@yahoo.com M. I. M. Hafiz deprince002@yahoo.com M.D. Cruz deprince002@yahoo.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p><p><br /><br /></p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172191 <b>Retracted:</b> Classification of the quality level imperfection for butt welding joint using mlp classifier 2019-02-07T12:20:27+00:00 H. N. M. Shah hnizam@utem.edu.my M. Sulaiman hnizam@utem.edu.my A. Z. Shukor hnizam@utem.edu.my Z. Kamis hnizam@utem.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172195 <b>Retracted:</b> The determinants of eco-process innovation: insight from Malaysia halal food SMES 2019-02-07T12:20:27+00:00 S.A. Al-shami samerali@utem.edu.my N. Masijan samerali@utem.edu.my N. Rashid samerali@utem.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p><p> </p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172197 <b>Retracted:</b> The relationship between training development process and employees 2019-02-07T12:20:27+00:00 N. Rashid nurulizwa@utem.edu.my N. F. Alzahrani nurulizwa@utem.edu.my S. A. Al-shami nurulizwa@utem.edu.my <p align="LEFT">This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172198 <b>Retracted:</b> The adoption of MOOC utilization among undergraduate students in Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTEM) 2019-02-07T12:20:27+00:00 S.A. Al-shami nurulizwa@utem.edu.my H. Aziz nurulizwa@utem.edu.my N. Rashid nurulizwa@utem.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172205 <b>Retracted:</b> Weighting methods in the construction of area deprivation indices 2019-02-07T12:20:27+00:00 S. F. Fam famsoofen@utem.edu.my N. Ismail famsoofen@utem.edu.my A.L. Maukar famsoofen@utem.edu.my H. Yanto famsoofen@utem.edu.my D.D. Prastyo famsoofen@utem.edu.my A.A. Jemain famsoofen@utem.edu.my Z.L. Chuan famsoofen@utem.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172209 <b>Retracted:</b> Self-checkout service quality and purchasing intention in Malaysia 2019-02-07T12:20:27+00:00 J. W. Siah famsoofen@utem.edu.my S. F. Fam famsoofen@utem.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172218 <b>Retracted:</b> Software approach in providing an alternate stack to avoid buffer overflow 2019-02-07T12:20:27+00:00 K. A. M. Salleh touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz R. Ismail touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz A. R. Ahmad touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172229 <b>Retracted:</b> Determining critical success factor of it project management and its influence towards the success of public sector projects 2019-02-07T12:20:27+00:00 M. S. Dawang Mdsha77@gmail.com M. Othman Mdsha77@gmail.com L. F. Chen Mdsha77@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172230 <b>Retracted:</b> Digital forensics issues in advanced metering infrastructure 2019-02-07T12:20:27+00:00 Z. A. Ibrahim zulazri@uniten.edu.my F. Abdul Rahim zulazri@uniten.edu.my S. H. Mokhtar zulazri@uniten.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172237 <b>Retracted:</b> A multi-agent precaution-detection-action (PDA) framework for fall detection at geriatric centers 2019-02-07T12:20:27+00:00 A. Y. C. Tang aliciat@uniten.edu.my F. Azman aliciat@uniten.edu.my A. Ahmad aliciat@uniten.edu.my S. Ismail aliciat@uniten.edu.my A. Mustapha aliciat@uniten.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172240 <b>Retracted:</b> Measuring the financial loss of smart meter security and Privacy breach 2019-02-07T12:20:27+00:00 S. Yussof salman@uniten.edu.my M. E. Rusli salman@uniten.edu.my F. Halim salman@uniten.edu.my <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172244 <b>Retracted:</b> Performance analysis of amplify and forward based cooperative communication system over asymmetric RF/FSO system 2019-02-07T12:20:27+00:00 S. B. Bambiwal sbambiwal@gmail.com R. S. Yaduvanshi sbambiwal@gmail.com V. K. Pandey sbambiwal@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172245 <b>Retracted:</b> Towards improving the healthcare service in rural areas of Yemen: a case of health recipients’ acceptance of telehealth 2019-02-07T12:20:27+00:00 A. A. Al-Fadhli abaar79@yahoo.com M. Othman abaar79@yahoo.com L. F. Chen abaar79@yahoo.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172247 <b>Retracted:</b> An efficient attack identification and risk prediction algorithm for information retrieval and distribution in online social network 2019-02-07T12:20:27+00:00 A. S. Alqahtani dr.abosaad@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172252 <b>Retracted:</b> Association between oral health literacy and self-reported oral health behavior in adults (2017-Kerman-Iran) 2019-02-07T12:20:27+00:00 M. K. Afshar m.torabi.p@gmail.com M. Torabi m.torabi.p@gmail.com M. Khosravi m.torabi.p@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172256 <b>Retracted:</b> Image processing for sdr applications to recreate lost image Pixels/packets 2019-02-07T12:20:27+00:00 B. Godavarthi bhavana.bhanu402@gmail.com A. Gopatoti bhavana.bhanu402@gmail.com M. C. Naik bhavana.bhanu402@gmail.com P. Nalajala bhavana.bhanu402@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172261 <b>Retracted:</b> Speech enhancement using combination of digital audio effects and Kalman filter 2019-02-07T12:20:27+00:00 P. Nalajala1 nprece@gmail.com M. C. Naik nprece@gmail.com A. Gopatoti nprece@gmail.com B. Godavarthi nprece@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172266 <b>Retracted:</b> An improved bi-gram based approach for user profile similarity Measure and fake user detection in online social networks 2019-02-07T12:20:27+00:00 P. S. Rao srithanrao@gmail.com J. Gyani srithanrao@gmail.com G. Narsimha srithanrao@gmail.com <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Copyright (c)