Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas <p><span lang="EN-US">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences is an international journal reporting significant new results in all aspects of fundamental and applied sciences research. We welcome experimental, computational (including simulation and modelling) and theoretical studies of fundamental and applied sciences. The work must fall into one of the four sections of the journal. If the work overlaps two or more journal sections then it can be submitted as an interdisciplinary fundamental or applied sciences paper. </span></p><p><span lang="EN-US">Other websites associated with this journal: <a title="http://www.jfas.info/index.php/jfas/index" href="http://www.jfas.info/index.php/jfas/index" target="_blank">http://www.jfas.info/index.php/jfas/index</a></span></p> University of El Oued en-US Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences 1112-9867 The copyright belongs to the journal. <b>Retracted:</b> Factors affecting choice of medical destination for tourists: Europe perpetive https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171763 <br style="background-color: transparent; color: #111111; font-family: Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 12.8px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: 17.33px; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;" /><div style="background-color: transparent; color: #111111; font-family: Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 12.8px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: 17.33px; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</div> P. Raeissi B. Najafi H.A. Gorji A.A. Teymourlouy Copyright (c) 10 6S 1 13 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b>Features of value orientations of patients with schizophrenia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171767 <br style="background-color: transparent; color: #111111; font-family: Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 12.8px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: 17.33px; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;" /><div style="background-color: transparent; color: #111111; font-family: Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 12.8px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: 17.33px; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</div> E. M. Leontieva Copyright (c) 10 6S 14 35 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Design as a way to develop a relevant urban environment https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171771 <div style="background-color: transparent; color: #111111; font-family: Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 12.8px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: 17.33px; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</div> L. M. Stratonova Copyright (c) 10 6S 36 44 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Comprehensive study of the operational reliability of the power plant impeller of the turbo-expander type from structural plastic https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171774 <div style="background-color: transparent; color: #111111; font-family: Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 12.8px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: 17.33px; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</div> V. A. Rassokhin M. P. Fedorov Y. V. Matveev A. I. Sukhanov D. A. Kotlov S. A. Besedin A. A. Sebelev N. A. Zabelin G. A. Fokin Copyright (c) 10 6S 45 62 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Experimental characteristics of the low-consumption turbines with flow outlet small angle and rotor blades with a big spacing ratio https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171777 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. V. A. Rassokhin M. P. Fedorov Y. V. Matveev G. A. Fokin S. M. Schisliaev N. A. Zabelin S. N. Besedin G. L. Rakov M. V. Smirnov Copyright (c) 10 6S 68 79 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Attitudes of students of Jahrom University of medical sciences towards abortion: a descriptive, cross-sectional study https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171778 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. R. Inaloo N. Tghipour A. Razeghi E. Rahmanian Copyright (c) 10 6S 80 91 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted: </b> Examining the attunement between health literacy and hope in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) admitted to the hospitals of Jahrom University of medical sciences https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171780 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. M. Imanian M. Khoramkish T. Abdian Copyright (c) 10 6S 92 103 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S.59 <b>Retracted:</b> Examining the attunement between health literacy and Health promoting behaviors in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) admitted to the hospitals of Jahrom University of medical sciences https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171783 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. M. Imanian Copyright (c) 10 6S 104 114 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Relationship between anxiety, stress and depression with spiritual health in patients with acute vascular syndrome coronary https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171790 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. M. Rahmanian F. Honarmand S. Moghaddam M. Zeinijahromi Copyright (c) 10 6S 115 125 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Research self-efficacy of students in Jahrom University of medical sciences: a cross-sectional descriptive study in 2017 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171796 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. E. Rahmanian H. Khatonaki H. Hojati R. Inaloo Copyright (c) 10 6S 126 138 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> The effect of lifestyle education on blood pressure control in hypertensive patients https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171800 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. M. Rahmanian F. Honarmand S. Moghaddam M. Zeinijahromi Copyright (c) 10 6S 139 151 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> The frequency of asymptomatic bacteriuria in men with hypertension https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171803 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. S. Taghizadeh M. Haghdoost E. Afsar Copyright (c) 10 6S 152 161 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Assessment of Occupational Safety and Health Performance Indicators for Jordan https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171944 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Awwad Dababneh Rami H. Fouad Abdul Jaleel Hamad Majeed Copyright (c) 10 6S 162 169 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> FM Based Lozalization: A Comparion Study https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171945 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Khitam Abdulnabi Salman Fatimah Abdulnabi Salman Sami Hasan Copyright (c) 10 6S 170 175 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Performance Analysis of Internet of Things Protocols Based Fog/Cloud over High Traffic https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171946 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Istabraq M. Al-Joboury Emad H. Al-Hemiary Copyright (c) 10 6S 176 181 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S.113 <b>Retracted:</b> VNML: Virtualized Network Management Laboratory for Educational Purposes https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171947 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Oula L. Abdulsattar Emad H. Al-Hemiary Copyright (c) 10 6S 182 186 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Data Warehouse System for Outpatient Healthcare https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171955 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Talib M. J. Al Taleb Sami Hasan Yaqoob Yousif Mahdi Copyright (c) 10 6S 187 192 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Design of Asymmetrical Generalized Chebychev Lowpass Filter with a Wide Stopband Rejection https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171957 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Aymen M. Al-Kadhimi Salim A. Mohammed Ali Copyright (c) 10 6S 193 197 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Biometric National Identification Number Generation for Secure Network Authentication Based Fingerprint https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171960 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Mahmood K. Ibrahem Muntasser S. Falih Fatima B. Ibrahim Copyright (c) 10 6S 198 202 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> VoIP Speech Encryption System Using Stream Cipher with Chaotic Key Generator https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171964 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Mahmood Khalel Ibrahem Hussein Ali Kassim Copyright (c) 10 6S 204 210 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted</b>Enhance the Performance of a Data Warehouse by Indexed View https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171966 <p><span>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the </span><em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em><span> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (</span><a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a><span>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</span><br /><br /></p> Talib M. J. Al Taleb Sami Hasan Yaqoob Yousif Mahdi Copyright (c) 10 6S 211 215 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Distance estimation by computer vision and shortest path planning using single camera https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171972 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Sami Hasan Shereen S. Jumaa Copyright (c) 10 6S 216 221 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b>Investigating torture against women in different countries With international responsibility approach https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171852 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> F. Eftekhari Copyright (c) 10 6S 222 241 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Assessment of the implementation of environmental management system in the construction companies of rashest city and the harmful effects of failure to implement on the environment https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171856 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> G. Mohammadpour M. Fallah F. Gravand H. Kaveh M. D. Houreh Copyright (c) 10 6S 242 276 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Current trends of internet commerce development in Russia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171871 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. V. Gubareva K.E. Kovalenko M. N. Semyakin S.P. Stepkin Copyright (c) 10 6S 277 283 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Application of cryptocurrencies in the Russian federation: positive and negative sides https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171879 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. V. Gubareva S. V. Kodan K. E. Kovalenko S. P. Stepkin Copyright (c) 10 6S 284 288 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. Wide dynamic range tranimpedance amplifier using peaking capacitance technique for high speed optical wireless communication system https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171979 <p>In the high speed optical communication, the requirement of designing the new optical transceivers is quite challenging due to the bandwidth, noise and environmental conditions for designing the optical transceivers. The optical transceivers design is also challenging because of weak optical signal at the frond-end amplifier. In this paper, the optical transceivers via an optical preamplifier for optical wireless communication is designed. The designed system offers the improved performance in terms of bandwidth and gain compared to existing optical transceivers. It is defined that using the designed system, a high bandwidth of 2.114GHz at 29.72dB gain is achieved. The designed optical transceiver provides the bandwidth enhancement utilizing the peaking inductor and capacitor.</p> A. F. Chandio B. Das M. K. Rathi N. B. Marzuki M. F. L Abdullah M. S. A. Khan B. Pandey Copyright (c) 10 6S 289 300 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. Peak to average power ratio (PAPR) reduction technique in orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) using block coding https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171982 <p>Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) signal is considered a good candidate for wireless systems because it offers diversity gain in frequency selective channels. As in other multicarrier schemes, however, OFDM suffers from high peak to average power ratio (PAPR). This is a major drawback of the scheme and ways of minimizing the PAPR have been researched. Block coding scheme is the technique to reduce the peak-to-average power ratio of OFDM signals and also to detect transmission errors. The reason is that in the time domain, a multicarrier signal is the sum of many narrowband signals. At some time instances, this sum is large and at other times is small, which means that the peak value of the signal is substantially larger than the average value. This high PAR is one of the most important implementation challenges that face OFDM, because it reduces the efficiency. The main purpose in this project, is to make a comparison over the PAPR reduction technique using block coding and without block coding. The capability of Block Coding scheme to reduce the Bit Error Rate (BER) in an OFDM system was also measured. The simulation developed in Matlab simulation environment.</p> A. F. Chandio B. Das N. Faud M.F.L. Abdullah Copyright (c) 10 6S 311 320 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. Proposed efficient method for ticket booking (PEMTB) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171990 <p>The main purpose of this study is to explore the different platform that influence the client to become social. Our project (GO-tickets) is more easy way to book /buy ticket for all categories of events which is held in our town which includes the movie, festivals, holiday tour, events, sports and much more. This project is based on Cloud computing and we implement the digitalized concept of ticket marketing in which person can buy tickets in digital form and use single platform for all types of events booking. We used angular JS, ionic for a front end and node.js, express.js for a back end and mongo DB for a database. Our application works on both OS platform (IOS and android).Our proposed system is totally softcopy and in digitalized. The project has been successfully in the developing process and the system performance is found satisfactory. The use of computers in this technology era is nonproductive tasks to helps the users to reduce the time and wait. User-friendly menu interface the users can then use the services of the application via to fill a registration form can register themselves for book the tickets. This research paper of Go-Ticket application deals with the modern technology development of mobile phone application which is more simple effective, easy way to use and we also introduce QR scanning bar code reader that contain information about ticket in the form of bar-code. Moreover, the authentication of the ticket is checking by another person through QR scanning bar code reader which verify, QR-code detail information with the database and reduces the burden of event manager.</p> K. Ahmed M. S. A. Khan O. A. Siddiqui S. A. Iftikhar B. Das M. Khurrum Copyright (c) 10 6S 321 338 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Integration of intellectual capital and innovation in SMEs’ performance: a conceptual framework https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171677 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> N.M. Duras A.R. Yunus N.A. Othman N.A. Sani N. Rahman Copyright (c) 10 6S 339 354 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Text mining as a technic to visualize the literature trends in the molecular-related personalized medicine context https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171678 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> U.H. Mohammad P. N. E. Nohuddin Copyright (c) 10 6S 355 365 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b>Modeling and design analysis of a three phase linear generator for sea waves energy conversion https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171681 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. Sinnadurai C. M. Ting Q. B. Hadi Copyright (c) 10 6S 366 386 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Design of compound repository using NoSQL database (#5) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171683 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. Maskat M. T. Taher M. A. Aziz S. R. S. Aris Copyright (c) 10 6S 387 405 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Evaluation on the performance of suppliers in Malaysia with TOPSIS model https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171689 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> L. W. Hoe M.A. Din L.W. Siew C.J. Wai Copyright (c) 10 6S 406 415 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Determination of free chlorine content in indoor and outdoor swimming pool sports complex https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171691 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> C. Payus I. Geoffrey A. Oliver Copyright (c) 10 6S 416 424 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> The wound healing activity of <i>Mikania micrantha</i> ehanolic leaf extract https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171692 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. N. Sarimah H. H. Mizaton Copyright (c) 10 6S 425 437 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> 4x4 bit Vedic multiplier using 13T hybrid full adder in 90 nm CMOS technology https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171697 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. S.J. Lee S. H. Ruslan Copyright (c) 10 6S 438 450 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Automatic transmission towers detection in low-resolution satellite images https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171698 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. A. Almisreb N. M. Din Copyright (c) 10 6S 451 461 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Green soft computing and standardization https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171699 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> K. U. Sarker A. Deraman R. Hasan Copyright (c) 10 6S 462 470 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Sensitivity enhancement of chemical sensor using aligned-gap split ring resonator https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171705 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> I. M. Rusni A. Ismail M.N. Hamidon Copyright (c) 10 6S 471 481 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b>Knowledge-based expert system for predictive classification of main specific learning disabilities https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171706 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. M. Rasli N. A. A. Aziz S. A. Salim F. M. Razali N. M. Norwawi N. Basir Copyright (c) 10 6S 482 494 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> A review on teacher training's drawbacks, barriers and challenges: conventional to digital technology transition https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171707 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. M. Rasli N. A. M. Zulkefli N. A. A. Aziz F. M. Razali S. A. Salim N. M. Norwawi N. Basir Copyright (c) 10 6S 495 511 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Formative assessment based course outcomes and instructions https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171708 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. Mrunalini T. V. Suresh Kumar L. V. N. Prasad Copyright (c) 10 6S 512 525 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> An automatic solar tracking system for a parabolic trough concentrating collector https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171709 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> W. Vinicchayakul K. Sookramoon C. Patummakason Copyright (c) 10 6S 526 539 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> A survey on big data processing: techniques, issues and challenges https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171710 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> K. Kumari M. Mrunalini Copyright (c) 10 6S 540 569 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Detection of drug residues in Kerayong river, Kuala Lumpur https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171711 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Z. Othman M. A. Wahid W. K. Lee K. A. Hamid Copyright (c) 10 6S 570 581 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> The user experiences of pre-school children on the use of multi touch hand gestures towards fine motor skills: the experts’ and teachers’ reviews https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171712 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> F. M. Razali N. A. A. Aziz S. A. Salim R. M. Rasli N. F. Zulkefly Copyright (c) 10 6S 582 601 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> A study on performance of UWB indoor localization using directional antennas with RBF neural network https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171713 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> W. Vinicchayakul P. Supanakoon Copyright (c) 10 6S 602 614 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> A study of microorganisms and quantitative analysis at ambiance atmosphere by passive air sampling method https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171714 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> N. S. Zainuddin M. H. M. Ali Copyright (c) 10 6S 615 627 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Development of vegetable supply chain sustainability model in Thailand https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171715 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> W. Proykratok W. Rattanawong W. Chandraprakaikul Copyright (c) 10 6S 628 645 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Modelling and simulation of high power factor three-phase AC-DC converter with wireless power transfer function using current injection hybrid resonant technique https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171720 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. Baharom M. N. Seroji A. R. Mahmud Copyright (c) 10 6S 646 657 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Investigation of tidal backwater effect in an estuary with idealised meandering river https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171721 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> I. N. Mohamad W. K. Lee Copyright (c) 10 6S 658 668 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Three-phase ac to DC CIHRC with wireless power transfer Function https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171722 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. Baharom M. N. Seroji K. S. Muhammad N. F. N. Ismail Copyright (c) 10 6S 669 680 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Integrated rfid technology and wireless mesh network platform for boarding school management https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171723 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> C. Z. Zulkifli H. N. Hassan A. A. Zalay S. M. Kamis N. H. A. Hassan Copyright (c) 10 6S 681 691 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Statistically constrained economic design of variable parameters max chart https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171725 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. H. Lee M.H.A.S. Jamilah Copyright (c) 10 6S 692 708 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Removal of copper metal through a hybrid bio-chemical precipitation process https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171726 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> L. N. Fariha Y. Takashi A. T. Suhaimi Copyright (c) 10 6S 709 719 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Disjunctive programming-tabu search (dp-ts) approach for job Shop scheduling problem https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171727 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. K. L. Wong S. Z. Nordin Copyright (c) 10 6S 737 751 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Expression of leptin-receptor (LEP-R) and Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) genes after a 12-week high Intensity interval training (HIIT) intervention among obese Individuals https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171728 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> T. O. S. Izwan M. N. V. N. Sarawati A. Z. N. Hidayah J. M. Afifurrahman N. F. M. Farah M. Appukutty A. F. M. Ludin Copyright (c) 10 6S 752 765 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Development and validation of the Malay interactive basic Nutrition module for food handlers https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171729 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Z.M. Issa W. A. M. W. Muda Copyright (c) 10 6S 766 778 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Heart rate conditioning based on beats per minute and accelerometer https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171730 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> H. Harun N. M. Khaidir Z. Said S. N. Mohamad Copyright (c) 10 6S 779 785 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Design of switch socket outlets distributions in buildings According to HSE standards using C language https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171731 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> N. A. Muslimin C.M. Ting A.M.M. Fadzil Copyright (c) 10 6S 786 798 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> A comparative study of flow behaviour for ranque-hilsch Vortex tube https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171732 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Y. Istihat W. Wisnoe O. Kurdi Copyright (c) 10 6S 799 811 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Identification of the genus of stingless bee via image template https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171733 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. Nizam W.M. Isa A. Ali A. S. Robawi Copyright (c) 10 6S 812 821 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Impact of constraints towards performance of food manufacturing SMEs in Malaysia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171734 <p>There were no doubt regarding the superior contribution of SMES, which amounted to more than 70% of goods and services that are sold all over the world. There are still constraints in the development of SMEs that deteriorate the business performance and eventually could result in failures and bankruptcies. This study intended to investigate the constraints and their impacts to the performance of SMEs in the food manufacturing industry in Malaysia. This study has been able to conduct using quantitative method to 135 SMEs in food manufacturing and analyze using SPSS. It is found out that financial and external constraints are positively significant to the performance of SMEs in food manufacturing compared to institutional, internal and social constraints. In addition, this study provides a wide range of implications in the different context of use and acceptance in food manufacturing.<strong></strong></p><p><strong>Keywords</strong>: SMEs; food manufacturing; failure; performance; constraints</p><p><br /><br /><br /></p> N.I. Kamaruddin F.A. Khalid J. Jabar Copyright (c) 10 6S 822 838 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Modeling and forecasting Malaysia’s Islamic stock market volatility https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171735 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S. A. Mohammed M. A. A. Bakar N. M. Ariff Copyright (c) 10 6S 839 849 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Microscopic analysis of bone microstructures with increasing age in Malaysian females https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171736 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. M. A. Jamil I. Khan H. Abdullah F. M. Nor Copyright (c) 10 6S 850 861 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Sex based histological comparison of Haversian canal in cortical bones of Malaysian citizens https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171737 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. M. A. Jamil H. Abdullah I. Khan F. M. Nor Copyright (c) 10 6S 862 878 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Novel growth of aligned zinc oxide nanorod arrays on Mg<sub>0.3</sub>Zn<sub>0.7</sub>O seed layer and its rectifying behaviour https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171738 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. Salina N. A. Samah M. A. M Adnan M. Rusop Copyright (c) 10 6S 879 895 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Biotransformation of acrylonitrile by resting cells of <i>Rhodococcus</i> UKMP-5m as biocatalyst https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171739 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> F. Sjahrir M. N. Maniyam A. L. Ibrahim A. E. G. Cass Copyright (c) 10 6S 896 908 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> The impact of corporate social responsibility on human resource management practices in manufacturing firms in the southern part of Malaysia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171740 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S. S. Omar S. W. Chan M. S. Ridwan A. R. Ahmad Z. Z. Ariffin Copyright (c) 10 6S 909 919 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Visualization of exudates fundus images with graphical user interface for early detection of diabetic retinopathy https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171741 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> H. A. Hassan N. M. Tahir A. Zabidi I.M. Yassin Copyright (c) 10 6S 920 933 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Development for the stand of solar photovoltaic based on the direction and angle analysis at North Peninsular Malaysia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171742 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. A. Malik S. M. M. Maharum M. Z. W. M. Tohid Z. Muhammad I. H. Hamzah Z. A. Halim M. K. Rahmat N. F. Haris Z. I. Rizman Copyright (c) 10 6S 934 948 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Encircling probe with multi-excitation frequency signal for depth crack defect in eddy current testing https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171744 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> J. K. S. Paw K. Ali C.K. Hen A.N. Abdallah T.J. Ding N.A. Ahlam N. Eirfan Copyright (c) 10 6S 949 964 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Examwiz: a development and implementation of an android based examintion https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171746 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. Rifin T.E. Fang A.F.Z. Abidin A. Adam M.A. Majid A. Zainuddin S.H. Mohammad M.H. Harun Z.I. Rizman Copyright (c) 10 6S 965 976 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted: </b> The use of virtual environment and augmented reality to support engineering education and enhance visualization skills https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171747 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. Omar D.F. Ali M. Mokhtar A.H. Abdullah Copyright (c) 10 6S 977 988 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Smart cane with human detection capabilities for blind people https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171749 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. H. A. Rahman A. A. Abdullah A. M. Mohammad M.K. Nordin M. S. A. Megat Ali M. F. Saaid Copyright (c) 10 6S 989 1004 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Rectracted:</b> A learning 3D geometry through sketchup make (SPPD-SUM) to enhance visual spatial skills and the level of geometric thinking https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171752 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. A. Wahab A. H. Abdullah M. S. Abu N. A. Atan M. Mokhtar M. H. Hamzah Copyright (c) 10 6S 1005 1039 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> The development of monitoring system for street light based on internet-of-things (IOT) application https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171807 <div>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</div><p style="margin-bottom: 0cm;" align="LEFT"> </p> H. M. Asraf K. A. Nur Dalila Z. M. Yusoff M. T. Nooritawati Z. I. Rizman Copyright (c) 10 6S 1040 1050 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Parameter influence in wireless power transfer system using analysis of Taguchi method https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171809 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> W. K. M. Razali N. G. N. Daud F. R. Hashim A. M. Azman I. H. Hamzah3 S. Sahlan M. A. Hadzrami M. Z. Zuki P. Ravethran Z. I. Rizman Copyright (c) 10 6S 1051 1068 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S.66 <b>Retracted:</b> Superimposed technique in wireless power transfer https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171810 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> W. K. M. Razali A. Abu Bakar F. R. Hashim A.M. Azman I.H. Hamzah Z.I. Rizman Copyright (c) 10 6S 1069 1079 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Effect of mechanical strength on nitrile butadiene rubber in blending diesel and palm biodiesel https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171821 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. A. Ariffin A. Andriyana N. Ismail M. F. M. Mazelan Copyright (c) 10 6S 1080 1092 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Systematic literature review of decision support model for Improvement initiatives selection https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171825 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. W. M. Ikbar S. Khairanum M. D. M. Amran A. B. F. Anwar B. R. Roslan Copyright (c) 10 6S 1093 1107 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b> Retracted:</b>Modelling foreigners’ perception, motivation, satisfaction and destination loyalty: an investigation on tourists, expatriates and international retirees in Malaysia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171826 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> C. H. Tan X.W. Chong S.B. Ho Copyright (c) 10 6S 1108 1120 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Significance of personalized learning style in promoting E-technology https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171827 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S.B. Ho S.K. Teh G.Y. Chan I. Chai C.H. Tan Copyright (c) 10 6S 1121 1131 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> A study on consumer adoption of ride-hailing apps in Malaysia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171828 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> K. B. Lim S.F. Yeo M.L. Goh J.A.X. Gan Copyright (c) 10 6S 1132 1142 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> A study on consumer switching behaviour in telecommunication industry https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171829 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. K. B. Lim S.F. Yeo M.L. Goh W.M. Koh Copyright (c) 10 6S 1143 1153 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Hypothesis of relationships between personalities with continuance intention to perform internet vigilantism among undergraduates in Universiti Teknologi Mara (UITM) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171830 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. S. Abu Bakar R.N.A.R. Ayob Copyright (c) 10 6S 1154 1162 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Factors influencing behaviour intention to use E-books among Malaysian university students https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171831 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> C.S. Cheah S.F. Yeo W.Y. Lim Copyright (c) 10 6S 1163 1175 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Examining the relationship of website security, online perceived value and online purchase intention: evidences from Malaysia and Thailand online shopping context https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171832 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> N. A. S. Abu Bakar A. Aminallah S. S. Ab Rahim N. M. Zam S. Abd Rahman V. Veerayangkur Copyright (c) 10 6S 1176 1191 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Guests motives for participation in peer to peer accommodation: evidence from Malaysia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171833 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> I. Awang. Razli S.A. Jamal M.S. Mohd Zahari Copyright (c) 10 6S 1192 1205 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> A review of value dimensions in tourism service oriented field Via paradigm funnel https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171834 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. N. Kamdi S.A. Jamal F.I. Anuar Copyright (c) 10 6S 1206 1228 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Word of mouth engagement in online brand community: a Systematic literature review analysis https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171836 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.<p> </p> A. Ngelambong M. W. Omar S. Kibat N. M. Nor Z. M. Rani Copyright (c) 10 6S 1229 1241 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted</b> :Social entrepreneurship intention: from literature review to Conceptual framework https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171837 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. S. D. M. Wahid A. H. Ayob W. M. H. Wan Hussain S. Ismail Copyright (c) 10 6S 1242 1260 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> The decision making on mutual investment of thai investors https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171838 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. Kowhakul Copyright (c) 10 6S 1261 1273 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S.84 <b>Retracted:</b> E-payment behavior of people in bangkok metropolitan region, Thailand https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171839 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> P. Liengpradit Copyright (c) 10 6S 1274 1287 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted</b>: The influence of social media consumption on gen Z consumers’ attitude https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171840 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> F. M. Yussof A. Harun N. S. Norizan N. Durani I. Jamil S. M. Salleh Copyright (c) 10 6S 1288 1299 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted</b>: Linking relationship benefit and word of mouth engagement in hospitality online brand community: the mediating role of relationship quality https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171850 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. Ngelambong H.F. Ariffin A. H. Zulkifli S. Kibat J. A. Ahmad I. M. Akhir Copyright (c) 10 6S 1300 1312 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Setup and operational cost analysis of 1 Horse power rated split unit inverter and non inverter air conditioner for home usage in Malaysia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171976 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. F. M. Mazelan M. A. Ariffin S. N. A. Aznam Copyright (c) 10 6S 1313 1322 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> A review on comparison of technologies and progress of a smart grid development in Malaysia and Singapore https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171993 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> N. I. Ilham R. Rifin N.D. Ahmad N. H. Abdul Rahman Y. Yusrina M. Hussain E.H. Mat Saat A. F. Abidin Copyright (c) 10 6S 1323 1337 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted</b> The information potential of the state and society https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171858 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. B. Bryukhov A. V. Gubareva K.E. Kovalenko S. A. Stepanov Copyright (c) 10 6S 1338 1341 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Stabilization and development of the Russian Economy https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171860 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p><p> </p> R. B. Bryukhov A. V. Gubareva K. E. Kovalenko A.V. Mayfat Copyright (c) 10 6S 1342 1344 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Modern inflation level in Russia and peculiarities of anti-inflation state policy https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171865 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> V. A. Bublik A. V. Gubareva K. E. Kovalenko A. V. Stepanchenko Copyright (c) 10 6S 1345 1349 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> The problem of development of recycling secondary raw materials in Russia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171883 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> L.N. Berg A.V. Gubareva K.E. Kovalenko A.V. Stepanchenko Copyright (c) 10 6S 1350 1354 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Study of the type of diet and nutritional habits of people in Sabzevar, iran 2016 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171885 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. M. Hazavehei B. Moeini S. J. Mirmoosavi A. K. Shahanjarini A. R. Moslem A. Moghimbeigi M. D. Heravi Copyright (c) 10 6S 1355 1369 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Social factors affecting personality disorders https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171893 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> T. Hamzeh Poor Haghighy P. Amiri S. M. S. Vaziri M. Goudarzian F. Hasannezhad E. R. Eradfar M. Mohseny Copyright (c) 10 6S 1370 1380 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Improving the efficiency of the mechanism of redistribution of the gross domestic product through optimization of expenditures of the consolidated budget in the Russian federation https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171894 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. A. Tatuev A. M. Ashkhotov V. V. Rokotyanskaya B. B. Bidova M. A. Davletmirzayeva Copyright (c) 10 6S 1381 1396 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Frame mechanism for analyzing and identifying pathologic Anatomic images https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171895 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. R. Nasim T. Abdimukhan K. Bekzat A. Galimgan Copyright (c) 10 6S 1397 1408 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Comparison of iterative methods with order of convergence three and four https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171897 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> T. P. Mateva Copyright (c) 10 6S 1409 1421 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Research of the reconfigurable cross-platform computing system for the digital signal processing https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171901 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. I. Martyshkin Copyright (c) 10 6S 1422 1436 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Algorithm of global extremum search area definition for several variables function https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171902 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. G. Asadullaev V. V. Lomakin Copyright (c) 10 6S 1437 1448 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Basic operation principles of associate co-processor module for specialized computer systems based on programmable logical integral schemes https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171903 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. I. Martyshkin Copyright (c) 10 6S 1449 1463 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Electricity consumption decrease at pump stations during watering By multi-support sprinkling units https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171905 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> F. K. Abdrazakov N. F. Ryzhko S. N. Ryzhko S. A. Horin S. V. Botov Copyright (c) 10 6S 1464 1481 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> The increase of qualitative indicators during watering with multiple support sprinklers https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171907 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> N. F. Ryzhko F. K. Abdrazakov S. N. Ryzhko S. V. Botov S. A. Khorin Copyright (c) 10 6S 1482 1497 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Innovative capacity of the region: integrated assessment and development mechanism https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171910 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> V. V. Rokotyanskaya Copyright (c) 10 6S 1498 1519 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> A study on the role of the internet of things (IOT) in gaining competitive advantage for businesses https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171912 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. H. Amirkhani S. A. S. M. Sahebalam A. K. Moradi R. Firoozpour H. Changizi Copyright (c) 10 6S 1520 1534 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Determining the relationship between serum procalcitonin level and death of patients with burns referring to Sina Hospital in Tabriz during 2015-2017 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171996 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S. Taghizadeh M. Gholipoor Copyright (c) 10 6S 1535 1543 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Professional personological self-efficiency in specialist’s training system https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171999 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> L. V. Vakhidova E. М. Gabitova V. G. Ivanov Copyright (c) 10 6S 1544 1565 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Psychological characteristics of victim behavior at preadult age (based on observations of law students) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172003 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> L. Stukolova G. Ivantsova E. Chernova E. Kosykh Copyright (c) 10 6S 1566 1581 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Main tendencies and forming factors ofthe teacher's professional readiness in the context of the person-centred educational paradigm https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172004 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. I. Lukyanova O. I. Donina I. V. Aryabkina M. A. Kovardakova Copyright (c) 10 6S 1582 1592 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Corrosion inhibitors based on heterocyclic compounds of petrochemical https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172005 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. I. Gabitov L. Z. Rolnik E. A. Udalova V.V. Yamilova S. G. Zubairov Copyright (c) 10 6S 1593 1609 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Small business taxation in European countries: crucial points, specific features and potential adaptation of advantageous options https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172006 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S. V. Kaledin V. I. Barkhatov Y. S. Kapkaev E. V. Shestakova Copyright (c) 10 6S 1610 1629 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Deployment and redeployment of labor of the region (The case of the republic of Bashkortostan) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172007 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> E. R. Mamleeva N. V. Beschastnova M. Y. Sazykina A. V. Mar’ina G. V. Yakshibaeva Copyright (c) 10 6S 1630 1650 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Impact of distributive and procedural justice on turnover intention and counterproductive work behavior: mediating role of organizational cynicism https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172010 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> P. E. P. Afghan H. Arry B. Arry M.H. Mohd Saudi H.O. Sinaga Copyright (c) 10 6S 1651 1678 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Experimental investigation of different rules size of fuzzy logic controller for vector control of induction motor drives https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172021 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> N. S. Y. Farah M.H.N. Talib Z. Ibrahim Z. Rasin Z.I. Rizman Copyright (c) 10 6S 1696 1717 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. Haste, its types, and consequences from the perspective of quranic verses and islamic narrations https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172033 <p>The main questions addressed in this study are: What is the meaning of haste? When is haste appreciated or depreciated according to the Islamic ethics and narratives? What are the consequences of depreciated haste? And how can one prevent depreciated haste and its consequences?<br>According to the findings of this study, mankind as the apostle of creatures has the full authority and power to do things, but he is required to do an all-inclusive analysis of all of his life affairs, and in order to achieve his desirable and perfect goals, he must refrain from haste and rush. In addition, if the meaning of haste is clarified in the individual and social life of mankind, its constructive and influential role in life aspects will be determined. When haste comes with components like neglecting preoperative thinking, it will be a major obstacle to peace and construction.<br>As the findings of this study suggested, the negative consequences of haste can be prevented by trusting in God, foresight and prudence in life affairs, strengthening peace of mind, raising the threshold of tolerance, and taking expert actions and sound planning.</p> B. Mehraki A. Shirazinezhad M. A. Sookhaklari Copyright (c) 10 6S 1718 1732 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> A conceptual model for searching relevant scientific publications in large databases using agent-based text mining https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172035 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. Khashfeh M. A. Mahmoud M. S. Ahmad S. S. Gunasekaran Copyright (c) 10 6S 1733 1743 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Improving automatic chess problem composition by emphasizing conventions https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172037 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. Iqbal Copyright (c) 10 6S 1744 1756 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> In search for a viable pedagogical agent in assistive applications for dyslexic children https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172038 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Z. Jamaludin H. Husni M. M. Alobaedy Copyright (c) 10 6S 1758 1770 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Integration of learner’s model into learning management system environment https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172041 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> L. E. Heng A. Sangodiah M. Muniandy P.K. Yuen Copyright (c) 10 6S 1771 1778 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Investigating the factors that influence the efficiency of using robots as social skills therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172042 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> N. A. B. Amran S. S. Gunasekaran M. A. Mahmoud Copyright (c) 10 6S 1779 1792 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Prediction of success of movies using data analytics techniques https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172043 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. Sakib N. N. A. Sjarif K. Kamardin S. M. Daud Copyright (c) 10 6S 1793 1801 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Adsorption of copper ions onto cellulose xanthogenate derived from cogon grass (<i>Imperata cylindrica</i>) leaf powder https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172044 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. A. K. M. Hanafiah Z. Othman G. Redzwan S. Ibrahim Copyright (c) 10 6S 1802 1812 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Civic engagement education: a case study of millennial in Langkawi island and Tuba https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172045 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. H. Azizan A. Azmi R. A. Ramli M. S. Zulkafli Copyright (c) 10 6S 1813 1821 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Innovative approach to improving energy efficiency level of the Russian economy https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172057 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. I. Khansevyarov Copyright (c) 10 6S 1822 1828 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Analysis on the performance of 500w wind turbine in ducting System https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172060 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. A. Malik S. M. M. Maharum M. Z. W. Mohd Tohid I. H. Hamzah M. K. Rahmat N. F. Haris M. L. Mansor M. H. Che Hasni Z. I. Rizman Copyright (c) 10 6S 1829 1843 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Power monitoring system for wind turbine in ducting system using Arduino and labview application https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172063 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. A. Malik S. M. M. Maharum M. Z. W. Mohd Tohid I. H. Hamzah M. K. Rahmat N. F. Haris M. L. Mansor Z. I. Rizman Copyright (c) 10 6S 1844 1860 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Comparative study of nasal polyp with Bawseer–e-Anff in Persian medicine sources https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172070 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> B. Parvin S. A. Madani B. M. Aliabadi M. Kamalinejad M. Yousofpoor Copyright (c) 10 6S 1861 1872 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Effect of mentha longifolia nasal spray 1.5% on clinical manifestations of 10 patients with nasal polyposis, case series study https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172072 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> B. Parvin S. A. Madani B. M. Aliabadi M. Kamalinejad A. Alipour M. Yousofpoor Copyright (c) 10 6S 1873 1883 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Design and analysis of diesel generator with battery storage for microgrid system https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171812 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info..</p> A. Khamis M. R. A. Ghani C. K. Gan M. S. M. Aras M. A. H. N. Rahim Z. I. Rizman Copyright (c) 10 6S 1884 1895 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Assessment of trace elements in drinking water sources: a case study, Majmaah region, KSA https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171889 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. S. Lakshmana Copyright (c) 10 6S 1896 1909 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Sociological study of the roles of the development level and development experience in creating or modifying fear of crime: a case study of central cities in Hamadan province https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171943 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. Reshadi B. Zare P. Danesh S. Ghaderi Copyright (c) 10 6S 1910 1938 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> The problem of organ and tissue transplantation ethical and legal aspects https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172074 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> E. V. Savoschikova E. I. Maksimenko M. A. Ivanova N. Yu. Davydova Copyright (c) 10 6S 1939 1950 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Gross product growth: a multiplicative factor model https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172075 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S. B. Kuznetsov Copyright (c) 10 6S 1951 1970 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> The relationship between creativity and academic performance with computer games in secondary school male students in Isfahan https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172077 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. Sobhaninejad M. H. Tajdary K. Esmaeili Copyright (c) 10 6S 1971 1986 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S.153 <b>Retracted:</b> Location based mobile app for doctor’s appointment in Saudi Arabia with supervised learning prediction https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172080 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> D. Mavaluru M. A. Mohamed A. A. Bakhamis Copyright (c) 10 6S 1987 2002 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Acceptance of doctor appointment app: an empirical study in Saudi Arabia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172083 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> D. Mavaluru A. A. Bakhamis M.A. Mohamed Copyright (c) 10 6S 2003 2017 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> A survey of jundishapur medical sciences university students viewpoints in Ahvaz considering the effective components in the marketing process of libraries based on the principles of marketing mix (9P's model) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172085 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Z. Sabaghinejad F. Hosseinizadeh F. Azadeh A. Farajpahlou Copyright (c) 10 6S 2018 2035 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Clostridium difficile infection in hospitalized patients and their transfer to the community level https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172087 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S. Taghizadeh H. S. Kafil H. Nasiri Copyright (c) 10 6S 2036 2044 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Functional polymorphisms of the fractalkine receptor gene and atherosclerosis risk factors in patients with coronary artery disease https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172088 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Z. Taherpour A. Ghadiri S. Yazdankhah S. M. H. Adel P. Ghandil Copyright (c) 10 6S 2045 2054 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Using grounded theory to designing the conceptual model of resiliency supply chain in national Iranian oil company https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172089 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. Jafarnejad E. Asgharizadeh M. R. A. Jokar M. B. Azar Copyright (c) 10 6S 2055 2075 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Development of methodological approaches to assessing the competitiveness of the economy https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172090 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. I. Abuzjarova Copyright (c) 10 6S 2076 2098 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Development of methodological approaches to improving the efficiency of resource-saving production https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172091 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> O. S. Andreev Copyright (c) 10 6S 2099 2114 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> The relationship between multiple sclerosis and recombinant hepatitis B vaccine https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172093 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S. Taghizadeh F. Abdi Copyright (c) 10 6S 2115 2121 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S.162 <b>Retracted:</b> Cognitive disorders and sexual dysfunction in women with gynecologic cancers undergoing cancer treatment in Tehran, 2016 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172099 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S. Akhavan M. Modaresgilani A. Mousavi S. S. Hasani K. Yazdanmehr M. Yazdanmehr Copyright (c) 10 6S 2122 2136 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Design and analysis of high sensitive PHC based sensor for methane gas detection https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172100 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> H. J. Patil T. S. Indumathi P. Sharan Copyright (c) 10 6S 2137 2144 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Flood estimation model derived from weather radar: method and validation for 2013 Malaysian flood event https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172101 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A.B. Basri A. F. Ismail K. Badron M. H. Khairolanuar N. H. M. Sobli Copyright (c) 10 6S 2145 2154 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Tax regulation of the self-employed https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172102 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> V. V. Grib A. V. Gubareva K. E. Kovalenko E. V. Vitman Copyright (c) 10 6S 2155 2167 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Current trends in the development of civil legislation https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172103 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p><p> </p> V. V. Grib A. V. Gubareva K. E. Kovalenko E. V. Vitman Copyright (c) 10 6S 2168 2175 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Methodological substantiation of business development in Russia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172104 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. I. Abuzyarova Copyright (c) 10 6S 2176 2196 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Intelligent decision support system for operators of the supply department of oil and gas extracting industry https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172105 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> F. Abu-Abed A. Khabarov Copyright (c) 10 6S 2197 2207 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Calculation and construction of optical elements of light devices https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172106 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> I. I. Bayneva Copyright (c) 10 6S 2208 2216 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> The development of metacognitive-based genetic learning Instruments at senior high school https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172107 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> E. Nusantari Copyright (c) 10 6S 2217 2241 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Comparative study of psychological health status, emotions and cognitive transformation of children held in foster centers associated with Yazd province’s welfare organization with those of the ordinary children https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172108 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> V. Alinia M. Fesahat Copyright (c) 10 6S 2242 2260 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Association of capillaroscopy findings in nailfold with color doppler changes in wrist and fingers of patients with collagen vascular disease https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172112 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> P. Dehghan A. Soltanzadi A. Niaei A. Rajaei H. Vakili Copyright (c) 10 6S 2261 2268 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S.173 <b>Retracted:</b> Application of the operational transconductanceamplifier (OTA) based low pass filter ( LPF) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172113 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. Hamdaouy M. Boussetta K. Slaoui Copyright (c) 10 6S 2269 2296 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> The influence of molybdenic monocrystal growing conditions on the perfection of their structure https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172115 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. B. S. Predtechensky M. V. Fomina Copyright (c) 10 6S 2297 2304 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S.175 <b>Retracted:</b> Management quality improvement methodology of educational process organization by software implementation https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172118 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> E. Yu. Andrusenko A. A. Egizaryants N. A. Lapshin V. E. Belchenko I. V. Belchenko S. S. Sogoyan R. A. Dyachenko Copyright (c) 10 6S 2305 2320 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> The approximation algorithms for analyzing of the dynamic characteristics of the probing signal generators for the geotechnical monitoring systems https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172124 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> O. R. Kuzichkin G. S. Vasilyev A. V. Grecheneva D. I. Surzhik N. V. Dorofeev I. A. Kurilov Copyright (c) 10 6S 2321 2331 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Implementation of flip flops using QCA tool https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172130 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. Karthik S. R. Kassa Copyright (c) 10 6S 2332 2341 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> A novel approach for noise filtering from diabetic retinopathy images using improved pillar K-means algorithm https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172135 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S. V. Gogula R. Karthik Copyright (c) 10 6S 2342 2354 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Investigation of the effective factors in selecting cultivation model of agricultural products in South Kerman according to farmers’ view https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172139 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> H. Alipour R. Salarkarimi N. Alziadeh Copyright (c) 10 6S 2355 2370 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> A survey of Malay genome project (MGP) from Malaysian perspectives https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172144 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> N. Anas E. E. Alwi Z. Yaacob W. W. Taib M. H. Razali Z. M. Ghazali Copyright (c) 10 6S 2371 2390 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Development model of digital Quran based on technology Acceptance in learning performance https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172321 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> N. Anas M. I. M. Ariff Z. Mohd. Ghazali Z. Yaacob Copyright (c) 10 6S 2391 2401 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S.182 <b>Retracted:</b> Development of web portal for sharing and capturing knowledge: a study in military tacit knowledge for officer cadets at Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia (UPNM) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172145 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Z. Zainol A. M. Azahari S. Marzukhi M. N. Sudin P. N. E Nohuddin O. Zakaria Copyright (c) 10 6S 2402 2416 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Applied of the reflection strategy of fuzzy on high complex power system frequency control https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172156 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. S. Jaber A. N. Abdalla N. Shalash A. Z. B. Ahmed H. Abdulkarim A. Abaas A. Khalifa H. Hassan Y. Jabbar Copyright (c) 10 6S 2417 2430 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Power system stability enhancement using different facts devices: a review https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172158 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Z. Kamis M. R. A. Ghani M. N. Kamarudin H. N. M. Shah Copyright (c) 10 6S 2431 2453 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Application of Maqasid Al-Shari'ah in evaluating Fiqh Jihad of religious extremism https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172162 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. I. Abd Razak M. A. Ramli R. A. Abdul Rahim N. H. Aziz N. Anas Copyright (c) 10 6S 2454 2472 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> A proposed framework of relationship between service quality, corporate image, satisfaction and loyalty in higher TVET Universities https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172165 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> H. Sallaudin S. M. Farid M. Ishamuddin S. Athirah A. Rohaizan B. R. Roslan A. W. M. Ikbar A. K. Firdaus Z. M. Haziq J. Jimisiah Copyright (c) 10 6S 2473 2486 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Influence of servicescape factors on revisit intention of Generation Y to a shopping mall https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172167 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> H. N. Hashima O. N. Azreen B. Sharmin Copyright (c) 10 6S 2487 2499 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Determination of bio-alcohol composition using orange peel Via anaerobic digestion in a batch system https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172169 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> O. S. J. Elham S. A. Muda A. Muhammad S. N. A Sanusi A. Mohd Azri Copyright (c) 10 6S 2500 2507 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Entrepreneurial orientation fosters the effects of open innovation on SME performance in Malaysia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172173 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> F. Abdul Khalid N. H. Pairan J. Jabar Copyright (c) 10 6S 2508 2516 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Successful factors for managing non-technological innovation in Malaysian public sector https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172184 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Z. N. Ab Rahman N. Ismail Copyright (c) 10 6S 2517 2528 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Criteria of energy efficient label certification in Malaysia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172185 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M.N. Ridzuan N. Ismail B. C. Chew Copyright (c) 10 6S 2529 2539 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Potential revenue from solid waste recycling practices in faculty of civil engineering UiTM Johor, Pasir Gudang campus https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172186 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> H. B. Ismail A. C. Hassan M. H. Jamal J. Martin M. Z. M. Salleh W. S. W. Chik N. R. A. Rahim N. A. U. Yusof Copyright (c) 10 6S 2540 2550 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S.193 <b>Retracted:</b> ICT procurement process: a pilot study of the pre-tender process https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172187 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. M. Vaheed M. N. H. Tahir M. A. Burhanuddin Copyright (c) 10 6S 2551 2565 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> The impact of impulse buying behavior on customers purchasing decisions https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172188 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> N. Z. Nizam S. H. Lee Copyright (c) 10 6S 2566 2571 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Profiling the promotion of green technology in industry through GTFs https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172189 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p><p><br /><br /></p> O. Adebiyi N. Mohamad M. A. Murad M. I. M. Hafiz M.D. Cruz Copyright (c) 10 6S 2572 2581 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S.196 <b>Retracted:</b> Classification of the quality level imperfection for butt welding joint using mlp classifier https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172191 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> H. N. M. Shah M. Sulaiman A. Z. Shukor Z. Kamis Copyright (c) 10 6S 2582 2597 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> The determinants of eco-process innovation: insight from Malaysia halal food SMES https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172195 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p><p> </p> S.A. Al-shami N. Masijan N. Rashid Copyright (c) 10 6S 2598 2615 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> The relationship between training development process and employees https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172197 <p align="LEFT">This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> N. Rashid N. F. Alzahrani S. A. Al-shami Copyright (c) 10 6S 2616 2633 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> The adoption of MOOC utilization among undergraduate students in Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTEM) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172198 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S.A. Al-shami H. Aziz N. Rashid Copyright (c) 10 6S 2634 2654 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Weighting methods in the construction of area deprivation indices https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172205 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S. F. Fam N. Ismail A.L. Maukar H. Yanto D.D. Prastyo A.A. Jemain Z.L. Chuan Copyright (c) 10 6S 2655 2668 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Self-checkout service quality and purchasing intention in Malaysia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172209 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> J. W. Siah S. F. Fam Copyright (c) 10 6S 2669 2682 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Software approach in providing an alternate stack to avoid buffer overflow https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172218 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> K. A. M. Salleh R. Ismail A. R. Ahmad Copyright (c) 10 6S 2683 2695 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Determining critical success factor of it project management and its influence towards the success of public sector projects https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172229 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. S. Dawang M. Othman L. F. Chen Copyright (c) 10 6S 2696 2713 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Digital forensics issues in advanced metering infrastructure https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172230 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Z. A. Ibrahim F. Abdul Rahim S. H. Mokhtar Copyright (c) 10 6S 2714 2726 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> A multi-agent precaution-detection-action (PDA) framework for fall detection at geriatric centers https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172237 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. Y. C. Tang F. Azman A. Ahmad S. Ismail A. Mustapha Copyright (c) 10 6S 2727 2740 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Measuring the financial loss of smart meter security and Privacy breach https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172240 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S. Yussof M. E. Rusli F. Halim Copyright (c) 10 6S 2741 2753 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Performance analysis of amplify and forward based cooperative communication system over asymmetric RF/FSO system https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172244 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S. B. Bambiwal R. S. Yaduvanshi V. K. Pandey Copyright (c) 10 6S 2754 2765 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Towards improving the healthcare service in rural areas of Yemen: a case of health recipients’ acceptance of telehealth https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172245 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. A. Al-Fadhli M. Othman L. F. Chen Copyright (c) 10 6S 2766 2781 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> An efficient attack identification and risk prediction algorithm for information retrieval and distribution in online social network https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172247 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. S. Alqahtani Copyright (c) 10 6S 2800 2812 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Association between oral health literacy and self-reported oral health behavior in adults (2017-Kerman-Iran) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172252 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. K. Afshar M. Torabi M. Khosravi Copyright (c) 10 6S 2813 2825 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Image processing for sdr applications to recreate lost image Pixels/packets https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172256 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> B. Godavarthi A. Gopatoti M. C. Naik P. Nalajala Copyright (c) 10 6S 2826 2838 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> Speech enhancement using combination of digital audio effects and Kalman filter https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172261 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> P. Nalajala1 M. C. Naik A. Gopatoti B. Godavarthi Copyright (c) 10 6S 2839 2849 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S. <b>Retracted:</b> An improved bi-gram based approach for user profile similarity Measure and fake user detection in online social networks https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172266 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> P. S. Rao J. Gyani G. Narsimha Copyright (c) 10 6S 2850 2862 10.4314/jfas.v10i6S.