Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas <p><span lang="EN-US">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences is an international journal reporting significant new results in all aspects of fundamental and applied sciences research. We welcome experimental, computational (including simulation and modelling) and theoretical studies of fundamental and applied sciences. The work must fall into one of the four sections of the journal. If the work overlaps two or more journal sections then it can be submitted as an interdisciplinary fundamental or applied sciences paper. </span></p><p><span lang="EN-US">Other websites associated with this journal: <a title="http://www.jfas.info/index.php/jfas/index" href="http://www.jfas.info/index.php/jfas/index" target="_blank">http://www.jfas.info/index.php/jfas/index</a></span></p> en-US The copyright belongs to the journal. touhami-lanez@univ-eloued.dz (Prof. Touhami Lanez) editor@jfas.info (Journal manager) Wed, 30 May 2018 13:25:03 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 <b>Retracted:</b> Factors affecting choice of medical destination for tourists: Europe perpetive https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171763 <br style="background-color: transparent; color: #111111; font-family: Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 12.8px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: 17.33px; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;" /><div style="background-color: transparent; color: #111111; font-family: Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 12.8px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: 17.33px; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</div> P. Raeissi, B. Najafi, H.A. Gorji, A.A. Teymourlouy Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171763 <b>Retracted:</b>Features of value orientations of patients with schizophrenia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171767 <br style="background-color: transparent; color: #111111; font-family: Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 12.8px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: 17.33px; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;" /><div style="background-color: transparent; color: #111111; font-family: Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 12.8px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: 17.33px; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</div> E. M. Leontieva Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171767 <b>Retracted:</b> Design as a way to develop a relevant urban environment https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171771 <div style="background-color: transparent; color: #111111; font-family: Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 12.8px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: 17.33px; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</div> L. M. Stratonova Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171771 <b>Retracted:</b> Comprehensive study of the operational reliability of the power plant impeller of the turbo-expander type from structural plastic https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171774 <div style="background-color: transparent; color: #111111; font-family: Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 12.8px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: 17.33px; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</div> V. A. Rassokhin, M. P. Fedorov, Y. V. Matveev, A. I. Sukhanov, D. A. Kotlov, S. A. Besedin, A. A. Sebelev, N. A. Zabelin, G. A. Fokin Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171774 <b>Retracted:</b> Experimental characteristics of the low-consumption turbines with flow outlet small angle and rotor blades with a big spacing ratio https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171777 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. V. A. Rassokhin, M. P. Fedorov, Y. V. Matveev, G. A. Fokin, S. M. Schisliaev, N. A. Zabelin, S. N. Besedin, G. L. Rakov, M. V. Smirnov Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171777 <b>Retracted:</b> Attitudes of students of Jahrom University of medical sciences towards abortion: a descriptive, cross-sectional study https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171778 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. R. Inaloo, N. Tghipour, A. Razeghi, E. Rahmanian Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171778 <b>Retracted: </b> Examining the attunement between health literacy and hope in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) admitted to the hospitals of Jahrom University of medical sciences https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171780 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. M. Imanian, M. Khoramkish, T. Abdian Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171780 <b>Retracted:</b> Examining the attunement between health literacy and Health promoting behaviors in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) admitted to the hospitals of Jahrom University of medical sciences https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171783 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. M. Imanian Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171783 <b>Retracted:</b> Relationship between anxiety, stress and depression with spiritual health in patients with acute vascular syndrome coronary https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171790 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. M. Rahmanian, F. Honarmand, S. Moghaddam, M. Zeinijahromi Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171790 <b>Retracted:</b> Research self-efficacy of students in Jahrom University of medical sciences: a cross-sectional descriptive study in 2017 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171796 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. E. Rahmanian, H. Khatonaki, H. Hojati, R. Inaloo Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171796 <b>Retracted:</b> The effect of lifestyle education on blood pressure control in hypertensive patients https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171800 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. M. Rahmanian, F. Honarmand, S. Moghaddam, M. Zeinijahromi Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171800 <b>Retracted:</b> The frequency of asymptomatic bacteriuria in men with hypertension https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171803 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. S. Taghizadeh, M. Haghdoost, E. Afsar Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171803 <b>Retracted:</b> Assessment of Occupational Safety and Health Performance Indicators for Jordan https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171944 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Awwad Dababneh, Rami H. Fouad, Abdul Jaleel Hamad Majeed Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171944 <b>Retracted:</b> FM Based Lozalization: A Comparion Study https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171945 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Khitam Abdulnabi Salman, Fatimah Abdulnabi Salman, Sami Hasan Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171945 <b>Retracted:</b> Performance Analysis of Internet of Things Protocols Based Fog/Cloud over High Traffic https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171946 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Istabraq M. Al-Joboury, Emad H. Al-Hemiary Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171946 <b>Retracted:</b> VNML: Virtualized Network Management Laboratory for Educational Purposes https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171947 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Oula L. Abdulsattar, Emad H. Al-Hemiary Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171947 <b>Retracted:</b> Data Warehouse System for Outpatient Healthcare https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171955 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Talib M. J. Al Taleb, Sami Hasan, Yaqoob Yousif Mahdi Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171955 <b>Retracted:</b> Design of Asymmetrical Generalized Chebychev Lowpass Filter with a Wide Stopband Rejection https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171957 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Aymen M. Al-Kadhimi, Salim A. Mohammed Ali Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171957 <b>Retracted:</b> Biometric National Identification Number Generation for Secure Network Authentication Based Fingerprint https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171960 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Mahmood K. Ibrahem, Muntasser S. Falih, Fatima B. Ibrahim Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171960 <b>Retracted:</b> VoIP Speech Encryption System Using Stream Cipher with Chaotic Key Generator https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171964 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em style="line-height: 17.33px; text-align: left;">Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a style="color: #337755; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. Mahmood Khalel Ibrahem, Hussein Ali Kassim Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171964 <b>Retracted</b>Enhance the Performance of a Data Warehouse by Indexed View https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171966 <p><span>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the </span><em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em><span> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (</span><a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a><span>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</span><br /><br /></p> Talib M. J. Al Taleb, Sami Hasan, Yaqoob Yousif Mahdi Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171966 <b>Retracted:</b> Distance estimation by computer vision and shortest path planning using single camera https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171972 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Sami Hasan, Shereen S. Jumaa Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171972 <b>Retracted:</b>Investigating torture against women in different countries With international responsibility approach https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171852 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> F. Eftekhari Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171852 <b>Retracted:</b> Assessment of the implementation of environmental management system in the construction companies of rashest city and the harmful effects of failure to implement on the environment https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171856 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> G. Mohammadpour, M. Fallah, F. Gravand, H. Kaveh, M. D. Houreh Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171856 <b>Retracted:</b> Current trends of internet commerce development in Russia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171871 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. V. Gubareva, K.E. Kovalenko, M. N. Semyakin, S.P. Stepkin Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171871 <b>Retracted:</b> Application of cryptocurrencies in the Russian federation: positive and negative sides https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171879 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. V. Gubareva, S. V. Kodan, K. E. Kovalenko, S. P. Stepkin Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171879 Wide dynamic range tranimpedance amplifier using peaking capacitance technique for high speed optical wireless communication system https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171979 <p>In the high speed optical communication, the requirement of designing the new optical transceivers is quite challenging due to the bandwidth, noise and environmental conditions for designing the optical transceivers. The optical transceivers design is also challenging because of weak optical signal at the frond-end amplifier. In this paper, the optical transceivers via an optical preamplifier for optical wireless communication is designed. The designed system offers the improved performance in terms of bandwidth and gain compared to existing optical transceivers. It is defined that using the designed system, a high bandwidth of 2.114GHz at 29.72dB gain is achieved. The designed optical transceiver provides the bandwidth enhancement utilizing the peaking inductor and capacitor.</p> A. F. Chandio, B. Das, M. K. Rathi, N. B. Marzuki, M. F. L Abdullah, M. S. A. Khan, B. Pandey Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171979 Peak to average power ratio (PAPR) reduction technique in orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) using block coding https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171982 <p>Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) signal is considered a good candidate for wireless systems because it offers diversity gain in frequency selective channels. As in other multicarrier schemes, however, OFDM suffers from high peak to average power ratio (PAPR). This is a major drawback of the scheme and ways of minimizing the PAPR have been researched. Block coding scheme is the technique to reduce the peak-to-average power ratio of OFDM signals and also to detect transmission errors. The reason is that in the time domain, a multicarrier signal is the sum of many narrowband signals. At some time instances, this sum is large and at other times is small, which means that the peak value of the signal is substantially larger than the average value. This high PAR is one of the most important implementation challenges that face OFDM, because it reduces the efficiency. The main purpose in this project, is to make a comparison over the PAPR reduction technique using block coding and without block coding. The capability of Block Coding scheme to reduce the Bit Error Rate (BER) in an OFDM system was also measured. The simulation developed in Matlab simulation environment.</p> A. F. Chandio, B. Das, N. Faud, M.F.L. Abdullah Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171982 Proposed efficient method for ticket booking (PEMTB) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171990 <p>The main purpose of this study is to explore the different platform that influence the client to become social. Our project (GO-tickets) is more easy way to book /buy ticket for all categories of events which is held in our town which includes the movie, festivals, holiday tour, events, sports and much more. This project is based on Cloud computing and we implement the digitalized concept of ticket marketing in which person can buy tickets in digital form and use single platform for all types of events booking. We used angular JS, ionic for a front end and node.js, express.js for a back end and mongo DB for a database. Our application works on both OS platform (IOS and android).Our proposed system is totally softcopy and in digitalized. The project has been successfully in the developing process and the system performance is found satisfactory. The use of computers in this technology era is nonproductive tasks to helps the users to reduce the time and wait. User-friendly menu interface the users can then use the services of the application via to fill a registration form can register themselves for book the tickets. This research paper of Go-Ticket application deals with the modern technology development of mobile phone application which is more simple effective, easy way to use and we also introduce QR scanning bar code reader that contain information about ticket in the form of bar-code. Moreover, the authentication of the ticket is checking by another person through QR scanning bar code reader which verify, QR-code detail information with the database and reduces the burden of event manager.</p> K. Ahmed, M. S. A. Khan, O. A. Siddiqui, S. A. Iftikhar, B. Das, M. Khurrum Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171990 <b>Retracted:</b> Integration of intellectual capital and innovation in SMEs’ performance: a conceptual framework https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171677 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> N.M. Duras, A.R. Yunus, N.A. Othman, N.A. Sani, N. Rahman Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171677 <b>Retracted:</b> Text mining as a technic to visualize the literature trends in the molecular-related personalized medicine context https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171678 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> U.H. Mohammad, P. N. E. Nohuddin Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171678 <b>Retracted:</b>Modeling and design analysis of a three phase linear generator for sea waves energy conversion https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171681 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. Sinnadurai, C. M. Ting, Q. B. Hadi Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171681 <b>Retracted:</b> Design of compound repository using NoSQL database (#5) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171683 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. Maskat, M. T. Taher, M. A. Aziz, S. R. S. Aris Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171683 <b>Retracted:</b> Evaluation on the performance of suppliers in Malaysia with TOPSIS model https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171689 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> L. W. Hoe, M.A. Din, L.W. Siew, C.J. Wai Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171689 <b>Retracted:</b> Determination of free chlorine content in indoor and outdoor swimming pool sports complex https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171691 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> C. Payus, I. Geoffrey, A. Oliver Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171691 <b>Retracted:</b> The wound healing activity of <i>Mikania micrantha</i> ehanolic leaf extract https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171692 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. N. Sarimah, H. H. Mizaton Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171692 <b>Retracted:</b> 4x4 bit Vedic multiplier using 13T hybrid full adder in 90 nm CMOS technology https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171697 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. S.J. Lee, S. H. Ruslan Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171697 <b>Retracted:</b> Automatic transmission towers detection in low-resolution satellite images https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171698 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. A. Almisreb, N. M. Din Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171698 <b>Retracted:</b> Green soft computing and standardization https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171699 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> K. U. Sarker, A. Deraman, R. Hasan Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171699 <b>Retracted:</b> Sensitivity enhancement of chemical sensor using aligned-gap split ring resonator https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171705 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> I. M. Rusni, A. Ismail, M.N. Hamidon Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171705 <b>Retracted:</b>Knowledge-based expert system for predictive classification of main specific learning disabilities https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171706 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. M. Rasli, N. A. A. Aziz, S. A. Salim, F. M. Razali, N. M. Norwawi, N. Basir Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171706 <b>Retracted:</b> A review on teacher training's drawbacks, barriers and challenges: conventional to digital technology transition https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171707 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. M. Rasli, N. A. M. Zulkefli, N. A. A. Aziz, F. M. Razali, S. A. Salim, N. M. Norwawi, N. Basir Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171707 <b>Retracted:</b> Formative assessment based course outcomes and instructions https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171708 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. Mrunalini, T. V. Suresh Kumar, L. V. N. Prasad Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171708 <b>Retracted:</b> An automatic solar tracking system for a parabolic trough concentrating collector https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171709 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> W. Vinicchayakul, K. Sookramoon, C. Patummakason Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171709 <b>Retracted:</b> A survey on big data processing: techniques, issues and challenges https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171710 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> K. Kumari, M. Mrunalini Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171710 <b>Retracted:</b> Detection of drug residues in Kerayong river, Kuala Lumpur https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171711 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Z. Othman, M. A. Wahid, W. K. Lee, K. A. Hamid Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171711 <b>Retracted:</b> The user experiences of pre-school children on the use of multi touch hand gestures towards fine motor skills: the experts’ and teachers’ reviews https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171712 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> F. M. Razali, N. A. A. Aziz, S. A. Salim, R. M. Rasli, N. F. Zulkefly Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171712 <b>Retracted:</b> A study on performance of UWB indoor localization using directional antennas with RBF neural network https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171713 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> W. Vinicchayakul, P. Supanakoon Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171713 <b>Retracted:</b> A study of microorganisms and quantitative analysis at ambiance atmosphere by passive air sampling method https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171714 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> N. S. Zainuddin, M. H. M. Ali Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171714 <b>Retracted:</b> Development of vegetable supply chain sustainability model in Thailand https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171715 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> W. Proykratok, W. Rattanawong, W. Chandraprakaikul Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171715 <b>Retracted:</b> Modelling and simulation of high power factor three-phase AC-DC converter with wireless power transfer function using current injection hybrid resonant technique https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171720 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. Baharom, M. N. Seroji, A. R. Mahmud Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171720 <b>Retracted:</b> Investigation of tidal backwater effect in an estuary with idealised meandering river https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171721 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> I. N. Mohamad, W. K. Lee Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171721 <b>Retracted:</b> Three-phase ac to DC CIHRC with wireless power transfer Function https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171722 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. Baharom, M. N. Seroji, K. S. Muhammad, N. F. N. Ismail Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171722 <b>Retracted:</b> Integrated rfid technology and wireless mesh network platform for boarding school management https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171723 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> C. Z. Zulkifli, H. N. Hassan, A. A. Zalay, S. M. Kamis, N. H. A. Hassan Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171723 <b>Retracted:</b> Statistically constrained economic design of variable parameters max chart https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171725 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. H. Lee, M.H.A.S. Jamilah Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171725 <b>Retracted:</b> Removal of copper metal through a hybrid bio-chemical precipitation process https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171726 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> L. N. Fariha, Y. Takashi, A. T. Suhaimi Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171726 <b>Retracted:</b> Disjunctive programming-tabu search (dp-ts) approach for job Shop scheduling problem https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171727 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. K. L. Wong, S. Z. Nordin Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171727 <b>Retracted:</b> Expression of leptin-receptor (LEP-R) and Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) genes after a 12-week high Intensity interval training (HIIT) intervention among obese Individuals https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171728 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> T. O. S. Izwan, M. N. V. N. Sarawati, A. Z. N. Hidayah, J. M. Afifurrahman, N. F. M. Farah, M. Appukutty, A. F. M. Ludin Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171728 <b>Retracted:</b> Development and validation of the Malay interactive basic Nutrition module for food handlers https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171729 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Z.M. Issa, W. A. M. W. Muda Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171729 <b>Retracted:</b> Heart rate conditioning based on beats per minute and accelerometer https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171730 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> H. Harun, N. M. Khaidir, Z. Said, S. N. Mohamad Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171730 <b>Retracted:</b> Design of switch socket outlets distributions in buildings According to HSE standards using C language https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171731 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> N. A. Muslimin, C.M. Ting, A.M.M. Fadzil Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171731 <b>Retracted:</b> A comparative study of flow behaviour for ranque-hilsch Vortex tube https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171732 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Y. Istihat, W. Wisnoe, O. Kurdi Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171732 <b>Retracted:</b> Identification of the genus of stingless bee via image template https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171733 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. Nizam, W.M. Isa, A. Ali, A. S. Robawi Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171733 <b>Retracted:</b> Impact of constraints towards performance of food manufacturing SMEs in Malaysia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171734 <p>There were no doubt regarding the superior contribution of SMES, which amounted to more than 70% of goods and services that are sold all over the world. There are still constraints in the development of SMEs that deteriorate the business performance and eventually could result in failures and bankruptcies. This study intended to investigate the constraints and their impacts to the performance of SMEs in the food manufacturing industry in Malaysia. This study has been able to conduct using quantitative method to 135 SMEs in food manufacturing and analyze using SPSS. It is found out that financial and external constraints are positively significant to the performance of SMEs in food manufacturing compared to institutional, internal and social constraints. In addition, this study provides a wide range of implications in the different context of use and acceptance in food manufacturing.<strong></strong></p><p><strong>Keywords</strong>: SMEs; food manufacturing; failure; performance; constraints</p><p><br /><br /><br /></p> N.I. Kamaruddin, F.A. Khalid, J. Jabar Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171734 <b>Retracted:</b> Modeling and forecasting Malaysia’s Islamic stock market volatility https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171735 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S. A. Mohammed, M. A. A. Bakar, N. M. Ariff Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171735 <b>Retracted:</b> Microscopic analysis of bone microstructures with increasing age in Malaysian females https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171736 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. M. A. Jamil, I. Khan, H. Abdullah, F. M. Nor Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171736 <b>Retracted:</b> Sex based histological comparison of Haversian canal in cortical bones of Malaysian citizens https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171737 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. M. A. Jamil, H. Abdullah, I. Khan, F. M. Nor Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171737 <b>Retracted:</b> Novel growth of aligned zinc oxide nanorod arrays on Mg<sub>0.3</sub>Zn<sub>0.7</sub>O seed layer and its rectifying behaviour https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171738 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. Salina, N. A. Samah, M. A. M Adnan, M. Rusop Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171738 <b>Retracted:</b> Biotransformation of acrylonitrile by resting cells of <i>Rhodococcus</i> UKMP-5m as biocatalyst https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171739 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> F. Sjahrir, M. N. Maniyam, A. L. Ibrahim, A. E. G. Cass Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171739 <b>Retracted:</b> The impact of corporate social responsibility on human resource management practices in manufacturing firms in the southern part of Malaysia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171740 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S. S. Omar, S. W. Chan, M. S. Ridwan, A. R. Ahmad, Z. Z. Ariffin Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171740 <b>Retracted:</b> Visualization of exudates fundus images with graphical user interface for early detection of diabetic retinopathy https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171741 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> H. A. Hassan, N. M. Tahir, A. Zabidi, I.M. Yassin Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171741 <b>Retracted:</b> Development for the stand of solar photovoltaic based on the direction and angle analysis at North Peninsular Malaysia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171742 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. A. Malik, S. M. M. Maharum, M. Z. W. M. Tohid, Z. Muhammad, I. H. Hamzah, Z. A. Halim, M. K. Rahmat, N. F. Haris, Z. I. Rizman Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171742 <b>Retracted:</b> Encircling probe with multi-excitation frequency signal for depth crack defect in eddy current testing https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171744 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> J. K. S. Paw, K. Ali, C.K. Hen, A.N. Abdallah, T.J. Ding, N.A. Ahlam, N. Eirfan Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171744 <b>Retracted:</b> Examwiz: a development and implementation of an android based examintion https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171746 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. Rifin, T.E. Fang, A.F.Z. Abidin, A. Adam, M.A. Majid, A. Zainuddin, S.H. Mohammad, M.H. Harun, Z.I. Rizman Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171746 <b>Retracted: </b> The use of virtual environment and augmented reality to support engineering education and enhance visualization skills https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171747 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. Omar, D.F. Ali, M. Mokhtar, A.H. Abdullah Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171747 <b>Retracted:</b> Smart cane with human detection capabilities for blind people https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171749 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. H. A. Rahman, A. A. Abdullah, A. M. Mohammad, M.K. Nordin, M. S. A. Megat Ali, M. F. Saaid Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171749 <b>Rectracted:</b> A learning 3D geometry through sketchup make (SPPD-SUM) to enhance visual spatial skills and the level of geometric thinking https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171752 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. A. Wahab, A. H. Abdullah, M. S. Abu, N. A. Atan, M. Mokhtar, M. H. Hamzah Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171752 <b>Retracted:</b> The development of monitoring system for street light based on internet-of-things (IOT) application https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171807 <div>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</div><p style="margin-bottom: 0cm;" align="LEFT"> </p> H. M. Asraf, K. A. Nur Dalila, Z. M. Yusoff, M. T. Nooritawati, Z. I. Rizman Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171807 <b>Retracted:</b> Parameter influence in wireless power transfer system using analysis of Taguchi method https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171809 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> W. K. M. Razali, N. G. N. Daud, F. R. Hashim, A. M. Azman, I. H. Hamzah3, S. Sahlan, M. A. Hadzrami, M. Z. Zuki, P. Ravethran, Z. I. Rizman Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171809 <b>Retracted:</b> Superimposed technique in wireless power transfer https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171810 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> W. K. M. Razali, A. Abu Bakar, F. R. Hashim, A.M. Azman, I.H. Hamzah, Z.I. Rizman Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171810 <b>Retracted:</b> Effect of mechanical strength on nitrile butadiene rubber in blending diesel and palm biodiesel https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171821 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. A. Ariffin, A. Andriyana, N. Ismail, M. F. M. Mazelan Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171821 <b>Retracted:</b> Systematic literature review of decision support model for Improvement initiatives selection https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171825 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. W. M. Ikbar, S. Khairanum, M. D. M. Amran, A. B. F. Anwar, B. R. Roslan Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171825 <b> Retracted:</b>Modelling foreigners’ perception, motivation, satisfaction and destination loyalty: an investigation on tourists, expatriates and international retirees in Malaysia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171826 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> C. H. Tan, X.W. Chong, S.B. Ho Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171826 <b>Retracted:</b> Significance of personalized learning style in promoting E-technology https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171827 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S.B. Ho, S.K. Teh, G.Y. Chan, I. Chai, C.H. Tan Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171827 <b>Retracted:</b> A study on consumer adoption of ride-hailing apps in Malaysia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171828 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> K. B. Lim, S.F. Yeo, M.L. Goh, J.A.X. Gan Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171828 <b>Retracted:</b> A study on consumer switching behaviour in telecommunication industry https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171829 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. K. B. Lim, S.F. Yeo, M.L. Goh, W.M. Koh Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171829 <b>Retracted:</b> Hypothesis of relationships between personalities with continuance intention to perform internet vigilantism among undergraduates in Universiti Teknologi Mara (UITM) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171830 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. S. Abu Bakar, R.N.A.R. Ayob Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171830 <b>Retracted:</b> Factors influencing behaviour intention to use E-books among Malaysian university students https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171831 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> C.S. Cheah, S.F. Yeo, W.Y. Lim Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171831 <b>Retracted:</b> Examining the relationship of website security, online perceived value and online purchase intention: evidences from Malaysia and Thailand online shopping context https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171832 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> N. A. S. Abu Bakar, A. Aminallah, S. S. Ab Rahim, N. M. Zam, S. Abd Rahman, V. Veerayangkur Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171832 <b>Retracted:</b> Guests motives for participation in peer to peer accommodation: evidence from Malaysia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171833 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> I. Awang. Razli, S.A. Jamal, M.S. Mohd Zahari Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171833 <b>Retracted:</b> A review of value dimensions in tourism service oriented field Via paradigm funnel https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171834 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. N. Kamdi, S.A. Jamal, F.I. Anuar Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171834 <b>Retracted:</b> Word of mouth engagement in online brand community: a Systematic literature review analysis https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171836 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.<p> </p> A. Ngelambong, M. W. Omar, S. Kibat, N. M. Nor, Z. M. Rani Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171836 <b>Retracted</b> :Social entrepreneurship intention: from literature review to Conceptual framework https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171837 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. S. D. M. Wahid, A. H. Ayob, W. M. H. Wan Hussain, S. Ismail Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171837 <b>Retracted:</b> The decision making on mutual investment of thai investors https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171838 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. Kowhakul Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171838 <b>Retracted:</b> E-payment behavior of people in bangkok metropolitan region, Thailand https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171839 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> P. Liengpradit Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171839 <b>Retracted</b>: The influence of social media consumption on gen Z consumers’ attitude https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171840 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> F. M. Yussof, A. Harun, N. S. Norizan, N. Durani, I. Jamil, S. M. Salleh Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171840 <b>Retracted</b>: Linking relationship benefit and word of mouth engagement in hospitality online brand community: the mediating role of relationship quality https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171850 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. Ngelambong, H.F. Ariffin, A. H. Zulkifli, S. Kibat, J. A. Ahmad, I. M. Akhir Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171850 <b>Retracted:</b> Setup and operational cost analysis of 1 Horse power rated split unit inverter and non inverter air conditioner for home usage in Malaysia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171976 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. F. M. Mazelan, M. A. Ariffin, S. N. A. Aznam Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171976 <b>Retracted:</b> A review on comparison of technologies and progress of a smart grid development in Malaysia and Singapore https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171993 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> N. I. Ilham, R. Rifin, N.D. Ahmad, N. H. Abdul Rahman, Y. Yusrina, M. Hussain, E.H. Mat Saat, A. F. Abidin Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171993 <b>Retracted</b> The information potential of the state and society https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171858 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. B. Bryukhov, A. V. Gubareva, K.E. Kovalenko, S. A. Stepanov Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171858 <b>Retracted:</b> Stabilization and development of the Russian Economy https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171860 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p><p> </p> R. B. Bryukhov, A. V. Gubareva, K. E. Kovalenko, A.V. Mayfat Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171860 <b>Retracted:</b> Modern inflation level in Russia and peculiarities of anti-inflation state policy https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171865 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> V. A. Bublik, A. V. Gubareva, K. E. Kovalenko, A. V. Stepanchenko Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171865 <b>Retracted:</b> The problem of development of recycling secondary raw materials in Russia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171883 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> L.N. Berg, A.V. Gubareva, K.E. Kovalenko, A.V. Stepanchenko Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171883 <b>Retracted:</b> Study of the type of diet and nutritional habits of people in Sabzevar, iran 2016 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171885 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. M. Hazavehei, B. Moeini, S. J. Mirmoosavi, A. K. Shahanjarini, A. R. Moslem, A. Moghimbeigi, M. D. Heravi Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171885 <b>Retracted:</b> Social factors affecting personality disorders https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171893 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> T. Hamzeh Poor Haghighy, P. Amiri, S. M. S. Vaziri, M. Goudarzian, F. Hasannezhad, E. R. Eradfar, M. Mohseny Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171893 <b>Retracted:</b> Improving the efficiency of the mechanism of redistribution of the gross domestic product through optimization of expenditures of the consolidated budget in the Russian federation https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171894 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. A. Tatuev, A. M. Ashkhotov, V. V. Rokotyanskaya, B. B. Bidova, M. A. Davletmirzayeva Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171894 <b>Retracted:</b> Frame mechanism for analyzing and identifying pathologic Anatomic images https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171895 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. R. Nasim, T. Abdimukhan, K. Bekzat, A. Galimgan Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171895 <b>Retracted:</b> Comparison of iterative methods with order of convergence three and four https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171897 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> T. P. Mateva Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171897 <b>Retracted:</b> Research of the reconfigurable cross-platform computing system for the digital signal processing https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171901 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. I. Martyshkin Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171901 <b>Retracted:</b> Algorithm of global extremum search area definition for several variables function https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171902 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. G. Asadullaev, V. V. Lomakin Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171902 <b>Retracted:</b> Basic operation principles of associate co-processor module for specialized computer systems based on programmable logical integral schemes https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171903 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. I. Martyshkin Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171903 <b>Retracted:</b> Electricity consumption decrease at pump stations during watering By multi-support sprinkling units https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171905 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> F. K. Abdrazakov, N. F. Ryzhko, S. N. Ryzhko, S. A. Horin, S. V. Botov Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171905 <b>Retracted:</b> The increase of qualitative indicators during watering with multiple support sprinklers https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171907 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> N. F. Ryzhko, F. K. Abdrazakov, S. N. Ryzhko, S. V. Botov, S. A. Khorin Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171907 <b>Retracted:</b> Innovative capacity of the region: integrated assessment and development mechanism https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171910 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> V. V. Rokotyanskaya Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171910 <b>Retracted:</b> A study on the role of the internet of things (IOT) in gaining competitive advantage for businesses https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171912 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. H. Amirkhani, S. A. S. M. Sahebalam, A. K. Moradi, R. Firoozpour, H. Changizi Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171912 <b>Retracted:</b> Determining the relationship between serum procalcitonin level and death of patients with burns referring to Sina Hospital in Tabriz during 2015-2017 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171996 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S. Taghizadeh, M. Gholipoor Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171996 <b>Retracted:</b> Professional personological self-efficiency in specialist’s training system https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171999 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> L. V. Vakhidova, E. М. Gabitova, V. G. Ivanov Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171999 <b>Retracted:</b> Psychological characteristics of victim behavior at preadult age (based on observations of law students) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172003 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> L. Stukolova, G. Ivantsova, E. Chernova, E. Kosykh Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172003 <b>Retracted:</b> Main tendencies and forming factors ofthe teacher's professional readiness in the context of the person-centred educational paradigm https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172004 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. I. Lukyanova, O. I. Donina, I. V. Aryabkina, M. A. Kovardakova Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172004 <b>Retracted:</b> Corrosion inhibitors based on heterocyclic compounds of petrochemical https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172005 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. I. Gabitov, L. Z. Rolnik, E. A. Udalova, V.V. Yamilova, S. G. Zubairov Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172005 <b>Retracted:</b> Small business taxation in European countries: crucial points, specific features and potential adaptation of advantageous options https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172006 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S. V. Kaledin, V. I. Barkhatov, Y. S. Kapkaev, E. V. Shestakova Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172006 <b>Retracted:</b> Deployment and redeployment of labor of the region (The case of the republic of Bashkortostan) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172007 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> E. R. Mamleeva, N. V. Beschastnova, M. Y. Sazykina, A. V. Mar’ina, G. V. Yakshibaeva Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172007 <b>Retracted:</b> Impact of distributive and procedural justice on turnover intention and counterproductive work behavior: mediating role of organizational cynicism https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172010 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> P. E. P. Afghan, H. Arry, B. Arry, M.H. Mohd Saudi, H.O. Sinaga Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172010 <b>Retracted:</b> Experimental investigation of different rules size of fuzzy logic controller for vector control of induction motor drives https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172021 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> N. S. Y. Farah, M.H.N. Talib, Z. Ibrahim, Z. Rasin, Z.I. Rizman Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172021 Haste, its types, and consequences from the perspective of quranic verses and islamic narrations https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172033 <p>The main questions addressed in this study are: What is the meaning of haste? When is haste appreciated or depreciated according to the Islamic ethics and narratives? What are the consequences of depreciated haste? And how can one prevent depreciated haste and its consequences?<br>According to the findings of this study, mankind as the apostle of creatures has the full authority and power to do things, but he is required to do an all-inclusive analysis of all of his life affairs, and in order to achieve his desirable and perfect goals, he must refrain from haste and rush. In addition, if the meaning of haste is clarified in the individual and social life of mankind, its constructive and influential role in life aspects will be determined. When haste comes with components like neglecting preoperative thinking, it will be a major obstacle to peace and construction.<br>As the findings of this study suggested, the negative consequences of haste can be prevented by trusting in God, foresight and prudence in life affairs, strengthening peace of mind, raising the threshold of tolerance, and taking expert actions and sound planning.</p> B. Mehraki, A. Shirazinezhad, M. A. Sookhaklari Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172033 <b>Retracted:</b> A conceptual model for searching relevant scientific publications in large databases using agent-based text mining https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172035 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. Khashfeh, M. A. Mahmoud, M. S. Ahmad, S. S. Gunasekaran Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172035 <b>Retracted:</b> Improving automatic chess problem composition by emphasizing conventions https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172037 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. Iqbal Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172037 <b>Retracted:</b> In search for a viable pedagogical agent in assistive applications for dyslexic children https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172038 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Z. Jamaludin, H. Husni, M. M. Alobaedy Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172038 <b>Retracted:</b> Integration of learner’s model into learning management system environment https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172041 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> L. E. Heng, A. Sangodiah, M. Muniandy, P.K. Yuen Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172041 <b>Retracted:</b> Investigating the factors that influence the efficiency of using robots as social skills therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172042 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> N. A. B. Amran, S. S. Gunasekaran, M. A. Mahmoud Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172042 <b>Retracted:</b> Prediction of success of movies using data analytics techniques https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172043 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. Sakib, N. N. A. Sjarif, K. Kamardin, S. M. Daud Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172043 <b>Retracted:</b> Adsorption of copper ions onto cellulose xanthogenate derived from cogon grass (<i>Imperata cylindrica</i>) leaf powder https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172044 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. A. K. M. Hanafiah, Z. Othman, G. Redzwan, S. Ibrahim Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172044 <b>Retracted:</b> Civic engagement education: a case study of millennial in Langkawi island and Tuba https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172045 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. H. Azizan, A. Azmi, R. A. Ramli, M. S. Zulkafli Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172045 <b>Retracted:</b> Innovative approach to improving energy efficiency level of the Russian economy https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172057 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. I. Khansevyarov Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172057 <b>Retracted:</b> Analysis on the performance of 500w wind turbine in ducting System https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172060 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. A. Malik, S. M. M. Maharum, M. Z. W. Mohd Tohid, I. H. Hamzah, M. K. Rahmat, N. F. Haris, M. L. Mansor, M. H. Che Hasni, Z. I. Rizman Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172060 <b>Retracted:</b> Power monitoring system for wind turbine in ducting system using Arduino and labview application https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172063 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. A. Malik, S. M. M. Maharum, M. Z. W. Mohd Tohid, I. H. Hamzah, M. K. Rahmat, N. F. Haris, M. L. Mansor, Z. I. Rizman Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172063 <b>Retracted:</b> Comparative study of nasal polyp with Bawseer–e-Anff in Persian medicine sources https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172070 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> B. Parvin, S. A. Madani, B. M. Aliabadi, M. Kamalinejad, M. Yousofpoor Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172070 <b>Retracted:</b> Effect of mentha longifolia nasal spray 1.5% on clinical manifestations of 10 patients with nasal polyposis, case series study https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172072 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> B. Parvin, S. A. Madani, B. M. Aliabadi, M. Kamalinejad, A. Alipour, M. Yousofpoor Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172072 <b>Retracted:</b> Design and analysis of diesel generator with battery storage for microgrid system https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171812 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info..</p> A. Khamis, M. R. A. Ghani, C. K. Gan, M. S. M. Aras, M. A. H. N. Rahim, Z. I. Rizman Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171812 <b>Retracted:</b> Assessment of trace elements in drinking water sources: a case study, Majmaah region, KSA https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171889 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. S. Lakshmana Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171889 <b>Retracted:</b> Sociological study of the roles of the development level and development experience in creating or modifying fear of crime: a case study of central cities in Hamadan province https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171943 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. Reshadi, B. Zare, P. Danesh, S. Ghaderi Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/171943 <b>Retracted:</b> The problem of organ and tissue transplantation ethical and legal aspects https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172074 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> E. V. Savoschikova, E. I. Maksimenko, M. A. Ivanova, N. Yu. Davydova Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172074 <b>Retracted:</b> Gross product growth: a multiplicative factor model https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172075 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S. B. Kuznetsov Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172075 <b>Retracted:</b> The relationship between creativity and academic performance with computer games in secondary school male students in Isfahan https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172077 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. Sobhaninejad, M. H. Tajdary, K. Esmaeili Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172077 <b>Retracted:</b> Location based mobile app for doctor’s appointment in Saudi Arabia with supervised learning prediction https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172080 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> D. Mavaluru, M. A. Mohamed, A. A. Bakhamis Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172080 <b>Retracted:</b> Acceptance of doctor appointment app: an empirical study in Saudi Arabia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172083 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> D. Mavaluru, A. A. Bakhamis, M.A. Mohamed Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172083 <b>Retracted:</b> A survey of jundishapur medical sciences university students viewpoints in Ahvaz considering the effective components in the marketing process of libraries based on the principles of marketing mix (9P's model) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172085 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Z. Sabaghinejad, F. Hosseinizadeh, F. Azadeh, A. Farajpahlou Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172085 <b>Retracted:</b> Clostridium difficile infection in hospitalized patients and their transfer to the community level https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172087 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S. Taghizadeh, H. S. Kafil, H. Nasiri Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172087 <b>Retracted:</b> Functional polymorphisms of the fractalkine receptor gene and atherosclerosis risk factors in patients with coronary artery disease https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172088 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Z. Taherpour, A. Ghadiri, S. Yazdankhah, S. M. H. Adel, P. Ghandil Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172088 <b>Retracted:</b> Using grounded theory to designing the conceptual model of resiliency supply chain in national Iranian oil company https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172089 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. Jafarnejad, E. Asgharizadeh, M. R. A. Jokar, M. B. Azar Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172089 <b>Retracted:</b> Development of methodological approaches to assessing the competitiveness of the economy https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172090 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. I. Abuzjarova Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172090 <b>Retracted:</b> Development of methodological approaches to improving the efficiency of resource-saving production https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172091 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> O. S. Andreev Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172091 <b>Retracted:</b> The relationship between multiple sclerosis and recombinant hepatitis B vaccine https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172093 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S. Taghizadeh, F. Abdi Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172093 <b>Retracted:</b> Cognitive disorders and sexual dysfunction in women with gynecologic cancers undergoing cancer treatment in Tehran, 2016 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172099 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S. Akhavan, M. Modaresgilani, A. Mousavi, S. S. Hasani, K. Yazdanmehr, M. Yazdanmehr Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172099 <b>Retracted:</b> Design and analysis of high sensitive PHC based sensor for methane gas detection https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172100 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> H. J. Patil, T. S. Indumathi, P. Sharan Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172100 <b>Retracted:</b> Flood estimation model derived from weather radar: method and validation for 2013 Malaysian flood event https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172101 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A.B. Basri, A. F. Ismail, K. Badron, M. H. Khairolanuar, N. H. M. Sobli Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172101 <b>Retracted:</b> Tax regulation of the self-employed https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172102 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> V. V. Grib, A. V. Gubareva, K. E. Kovalenko, E. V. Vitman Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172102 <b>Retracted:</b> Current trends in the development of civil legislation https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172103 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p><p> </p> V. V. Grib, A. V. Gubareva, K. E. Kovalenko, E. V. Vitman Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172103 <b>Retracted:</b> Methodological substantiation of business development in Russia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172104 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. I. Abuzyarova Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172104 <b>Retracted:</b> Intelligent decision support system for operators of the supply department of oil and gas extracting industry https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172105 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> F. Abu-Abed, A. Khabarov Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172105 <b>Retracted:</b> Calculation and construction of optical elements of light devices https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172106 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> I. I. Bayneva Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172106 <b>Retracted:</b> The development of metacognitive-based genetic learning Instruments at senior high school https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172107 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> E. Nusantari Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172107 <b>Retracted:</b> Comparative study of psychological health status, emotions and cognitive transformation of children held in foster centers associated with Yazd province’s welfare organization with those of the ordinary children https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172108 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> V. Alinia, M. Fesahat Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172108 <b>Retracted:</b> Association of capillaroscopy findings in nailfold with color doppler changes in wrist and fingers of patients with collagen vascular disease https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172112 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> P. Dehghan, A. Soltanzadi, A. Niaei, A. Rajaei, H. Vakili Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172112 <b>Retracted:</b> Application of the operational transconductanceamplifier (OTA) based low pass filter ( LPF) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172113 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. Hamdaouy, M. Boussetta, K. Slaoui Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172113 <b>Retracted:</b> The influence of molybdenic monocrystal growing conditions on the perfection of their structure https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172115 This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info. B. S. Predtechensky, M. V. Fomina Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172115 <b>Retracted:</b> Management quality improvement methodology of educational process organization by software implementation https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172118 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> E. Yu. Andrusenko, A. A. Egizaryants, N. A. Lapshin, V. E. Belchenko, I. V. Belchenko, S. S. Sogoyan, R. A. Dyachenko Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172118 <b>Retracted:</b> The approximation algorithms for analyzing of the dynamic characteristics of the probing signal generators for the geotechnical monitoring systems https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172124 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> O. R. Kuzichkin, G. S. Vasilyev, A. V. Grecheneva, D. I. Surzhik, N. V. Dorofeev, I. A. Kurilov Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172124 <b>Retracted:</b> Implementation of flip flops using QCA tool https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172130 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> R. Karthik, S. R. Kassa Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172130 <b>Retracted:</b> A novel approach for noise filtering from diabetic retinopathy images using improved pillar K-means algorithm https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172135 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S. V. Gogula, R. Karthik Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172135 <b>Retracted:</b> Investigation of the effective factors in selecting cultivation model of agricultural products in South Kerman according to farmers’ view https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172139 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> H. Alipour, R. Salarkarimi, N. Alziadeh Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172139 <b>Retracted:</b> A survey of Malay genome project (MGP) from Malaysian perspectives https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172144 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> N. Anas, E. E. Alwi, Z. Yaacob, W. W. Taib, M. H. Razali, Z. M. Ghazali Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172144 <b>Retracted:</b> Development model of digital Quran based on technology Acceptance in learning performance https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172321 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> N. Anas, M. I. M. Ariff, Z. Mohd. Ghazali, Z. Yaacob Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172321 <b>Retracted:</b> Development of web portal for sharing and capturing knowledge: a study in military tacit knowledge for officer cadets at Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia (UPNM) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172145 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Z. Zainol, A. M. Azahari, S. Marzukhi, M. N. Sudin, P. N. E Nohuddin, O. Zakaria Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172145 <b>Retracted:</b> Applied of the reflection strategy of fuzzy on high complex power system frequency control https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172156 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. S. Jaber, A. N. Abdalla, N. Shalash, A. Z. B. Ahmed, H. Abdulkarim, A. Abaas, A. Khalifa, H. Hassan, Y. Jabbar Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172156 <b>Retracted:</b> Power system stability enhancement using different facts devices: a review https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172158 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Z. Kamis, M. R. A. Ghani, M. N. Kamarudin, H. N. M. Shah Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172158 <b>Retracted:</b> Application of Maqasid Al-Shari'ah in evaluating Fiqh Jihad of religious extremism https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172162 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. I. Abd Razak, M. A. Ramli, R. A. Abdul Rahim, N. H. Aziz, N. Anas Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172162 <b>Retracted:</b> A proposed framework of relationship between service quality, corporate image, satisfaction and loyalty in higher TVET Universities https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172165 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> H. Sallaudin, S. M. Farid, M. Ishamuddin, S. Athirah, A. Rohaizan, B. R. Roslan, A. W. M. Ikbar, A. K. Firdaus, Z. M. Haziq, J. Jimisiah Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172165 <b>Retracted:</b> Influence of servicescape factors on revisit intention of Generation Y to a shopping mall https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172167 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> H. N. Hashima, O. N. Azreen, B. Sharmin Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172167 <b>Retracted:</b> Determination of bio-alcohol composition using orange peel Via anaerobic digestion in a batch system https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172169 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> O. S. J. Elham, S. A. Muda, A. Muhammad, S. N. A Sanusi, A. Mohd Azri Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172169 <b>Retracted:</b> Entrepreneurial orientation fosters the effects of open innovation on SME performance in Malaysia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172173 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> F. Abdul Khalid, N. H. Pairan, J. Jabar Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172173 <b>Retracted:</b> Successful factors for managing non-technological innovation in Malaysian public sector https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172184 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Z. N. Ab Rahman, N. Ismail Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172184 <b>Retracted:</b> Criteria of energy efficient label certification in Malaysia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172185 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M.N. Ridzuan, N. Ismail, B. C. Chew Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172185 <b>Retracted:</b> Potential revenue from solid waste recycling practices in faculty of civil engineering UiTM Johor, Pasir Gudang campus https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172186 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> H. B. Ismail, A. C. Hassan, M. H. Jamal, J. Martin, M. Z. M. Salleh, W. S. W. Chik, N. R. A. Rahim, N. A. U. Yusof Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172186 <b>Retracted:</b> ICT procurement process: a pilot study of the pre-tender process https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172187 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. M. Vaheed, M. N. H. Tahir, M. A. Burhanuddin Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172187 <b>Retracted:</b> The impact of impulse buying behavior on customers purchasing decisions https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172188 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> N. Z. Nizam, S. H. Lee Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172188 <b>Retracted:</b> Profiling the promotion of green technology in industry through GTFs https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172189 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p><p><br /><br /></p> O. Adebiyi, N. Mohamad, M. A. Murad, M. I. M. Hafiz, M.D. Cruz Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172189 <b>Retracted:</b> Classification of the quality level imperfection for butt welding joint using mlp classifier https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172191 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> H. N. M. Shah, M. Sulaiman, A. Z. Shukor, Z. Kamis Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172191 <b>Retracted:</b> The determinants of eco-process innovation: insight from Malaysia halal food SMES https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172195 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p><p> </p> S.A. Al-shami, N. Masijan, N. Rashid Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172195 <b>Retracted:</b> The relationship between training development process and employees https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172197 <p align="LEFT">This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> N. Rashid, N. F. Alzahrani, S. A. Al-shami Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172197 <b>Retracted:</b> The adoption of MOOC utilization among undergraduate students in Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTEM) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172198 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S.A. Al-shami, H. Aziz, N. Rashid Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172198 <b>Retracted:</b> Weighting methods in the construction of area deprivation indices https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172205 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S. F. Fam, N. Ismail, A.L. Maukar, H. Yanto, D.D. Prastyo, A.A. Jemain, Z.L. Chuan Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172205 <b>Retracted:</b> Self-checkout service quality and purchasing intention in Malaysia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172209 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> J. W. Siah, S. F. Fam Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172209 <b>Retracted:</b> Software approach in providing an alternate stack to avoid buffer overflow https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172218 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> K. A. M. Salleh, R. Ismail, A. R. Ahmad Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172218 <b>Retracted:</b> Determining critical success factor of it project management and its influence towards the success of public sector projects https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172229 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. S. Dawang, M. Othman, L. F. Chen Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172229 <b>Retracted:</b> Digital forensics issues in advanced metering infrastructure https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172230 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> Z. A. Ibrahim, F. Abdul Rahim, S. H. Mokhtar Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172230 <b>Retracted:</b> A multi-agent precaution-detection-action (PDA) framework for fall detection at geriatric centers https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172237 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. Y. C. Tang, F. Azman, A. Ahmad, S. Ismail, A. Mustapha Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172237 <b>Retracted:</b> Measuring the financial loss of smart meter security and Privacy breach https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172240 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S. Yussof, M. E. Rusli, F. Halim Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172240 <b>Retracted:</b> Performance analysis of amplify and forward based cooperative communication system over asymmetric RF/FSO system https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172244 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> S. B. Bambiwal, R. S. Yaduvanshi, V. K. Pandey Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172244 <b>Retracted:</b> Towards improving the healthcare service in rural areas of Yemen: a case of health recipients’ acceptance of telehealth https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172245 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. A. Al-Fadhli, M. Othman, L. F. Chen Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172245 <b>Retracted:</b> An efficient attack identification and risk prediction algorithm for information retrieval and distribution in online social network https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172247 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> A. S. Alqahtani Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172247 <b>Retracted:</b> Association between oral health literacy and self-reported oral health behavior in adults (2017-Kerman-Iran) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172252 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> M. K. Afshar, M. Torabi, M. Khosravi Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172252 <b>Retracted:</b> Image processing for sdr applications to recreate lost image Pixels/packets https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172256 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> B. Godavarthi, A. Gopatoti, M. C. Naik, P. Nalajala Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172256 <b>Retracted:</b> Speech enhancement using combination of digital audio effects and Kalman filter https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172261 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> P. Nalajala1, M. C. Naik, A. Gopatoti, B. Godavarthi Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172261 <b>Retracted:</b> An improved bi-gram based approach for user profile similarity Measure and fake user detection in online social networks https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172266 <p>This article was withdrawn and retracted by the <em>Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences</em> and has been removed from AJOL at the request of the journal Editor in Chief and the organisers of the conference at which the articles were presented (<a href="http://www.iccmit.net/">www.iccmit.net</a>). Please address any queries to editor@jfas.info.</p> P. S. Rao, J. Gyani, G. Narsimha Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jfas/article/view/172266