Responses of Several Apple Cultivars to Chemical Thinning Sprays

  • George Ouma Department of Horticulture Maseno University, P.O. Box 333, Maseno, Kenya
  • Frank Matta Department of Plant and Soil Sciences Mississippi State University, P.O. Box 9555, Mississippi State, Ms 39762, U.S.A.
Keywords: Fruit Thinning, Fruit Set, Yield and Quality

Abstract



Studies were conducted in 1995 and 1996 at Pontotoc country, Mississippi, U.S.A. to find the effect of two chemical thinners namely: accel (N-phenylmethyl) (H-purine 6-amine (6-BA) and carbaryl (1-Naphthyl carbamate) sprayed two weeks after bloom on the apple fruit characteristics such as fruit set, yield, etc. The three apple cultivars used were ‘Empire', ‘Jon-A-Red' and ‘Braeburn'. The treatments comprised accel (25, 50 and 75 ppm), carbaryl (0.05, 0.1 and 0.2%) and unsprayed control.

It was found that accel and carbaryl thinned the three apple cultivars and yield (total fruit weight per tree), pH, sugar content were 0.05) increased by the chemical thinning sprays. Nevertheless,significantly (P 0.05) the number of seeds in the fruit, fruitthe treatments did not affect (P length, fruit diameter and fruit length to diameter ratio. The chemical thinner and cultivar interactions were significant for some fruit characteristics.

The Journal of Food Technology in Africa Volume 7 No.1, 2002, pp. 16-20

KEY WORDS:

Fruit Thinning, Fruit Set, Yield and Quality.
Published
2004-06-22
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1028-6098