An attempt has been made in this paper to analyze the development of Social Studies education in Nigeria. It examines how Social Studies was introduced as an experimental subject and later as a compulsory one in the primary and junior secondary school. The paper identifies those organizations that were responsible for its introduction and growth. Social Studies has integrated population education, environmental education, peace education, human rights education, AIDS/STD education and family life education into its curriculum. Regardless of the giant strides made in the discipline since its introduction four decades ago, the subject is yet to be offered at the senior secondary school level. It is, therefore, suggested that the subject be upgraded to senior secondary school level. Social studies education has therefore contributed to the overall education development of Nigeria.