Prevalence of dyslipidaemia amongst apparently healthy staff of a tertiary hospital in Benin city
AbstractDyslipidaemia (DL) is an independent and modifiable risk factor for
cardiovascular disease (CVD) which appears to be on the increase in Nigeria due to the adoption of 'westernised' lifestyles by Nigerians. CVD is associated with significant premature morbidity and mortality. Other risk factors for CVD include hypertension, obesity and diabetes mellitus. Screening for DL is often overlooked in apparently healthy Nigerians due to the fact that there is little public awareness on DL, which is largely asymptomatic. The aim of this study is to determine the serum lipid profile of apparently healthy staff of University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH), Benin City. Consenting staff of UBTH who were apparently healthy were recruited for the study. Data extracted included the patient's age, sex, body mass index, weight, height, waist circumference, blood pressure and fasting lipid profile. Two hundred and two females and 102 males were included in the study. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol dyslipidaemias was found in 12.9% of female subjects and in 10.8% of male subjects. Total cholesterol dyslipidaemia, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol dyslipidaemia and triglyceride dsylipidaemia were found in 51.0%, 26.3% and 4.9% of the subjects respectively. There was no significant gender difference in the lipid profile of the study subjects. There is a high prevalence of total cholesterol dyslipidaemia and low-density lipoprotein
cholesterol dyslipidaemia among apparently healthy staff of UBTH. Preemployment and annual lipid profile screening should be instituted for early diagnosis and treatment of dyslipidaemias in order to minimize the risk of cardiovascular events.