Factors related to the uptake of contraceptive in a rural community in Plateau State Nigeria: A cross.sectional community study

  • HA Agbo
  • C Ogbonna
  • BN Okeahialam
Keywords: community, contraceptive, family planning, prevalence, rural setting, social factors


Background: Contraceptive widely known in most rural setting as family planning is the planning of when to have children and the use of birth control and other techniques to implement such plans. Soci-.cultural status is a determinant of health; it also has an influence on womenfs knowledge and uptake of contraceptive, the study therefore assessed the family planning uptake rate, prevalence of family planning method and the relationship between the social status and the method used.
Methodology: A cross.sectional community survey was conducted among women of reproductive age residing in the community. Epi info version 3.4.3 and statistical package for the social sciences version 16.0 were used for the data entry and analysis respectively.
Results: Out of the 362 females studied, (85.4%) were married and  (46.4%) had no formal education. Farming was their predominant  occupation. Out of all the females respondents; (86.7%) have had deliveries out of which (42.2%) are multiparous and (44.6%) grand multiparous. Contraceptive use was found to be (18.0%); and the most used was injectables (58.5%). A statistically significant association (P = 0.001) was established between contraceptive use and age, religion and marital status.
Conclusion: Although contraception use was generally poor among the rural women in the studied community; married women, Christians and younger women were more likely to use a method compared to singles, Muslims and the older women respectively.

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2276-7096