Journal of the Nigerian Optometric Association

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Oculovisual problems in Alayi community Ofabia State, Nigeria

OC Ahuama


Five hundred and eight seven subjects aged between 18 and 73made up of 229 males and 358 females were seen during a community outreach clinic exercise carried out by the Department of Optometry,Abia State University Uturu. A battery of optometric tests such as case history, Snellen's visual acuity tests, ophthalmoscopy, tonometry and penlight were carried out. Data analysis showed that 192 (32.71%)
subjects of the total number of those who presented themselves for eye examination had cataracts, 97 (16.52%) had allergic conjunctivitis. Other ocular problems discovered were refractive errors (19; 3.24%), presbyopia (69; 11.75%), glaucoma (72; 12.27%), bacterial conjunctivitis (41; 6.98%), Agerelated Macular Degeneration (28; 4.77%, Low vision (28; 4.77%), eye injuries (25; 4.26%), and corneal opacities (6; 2.73). It is suggested that eye care services be made available to people in the rural areas and proper awareness created on ocular protection and hygiene.
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