• Angelina Nduku Kioko United States International University - Africa


The description of tone in Bantu Languages has not been a popular subject for conference papers or for postgraduate research by local linguists in the local set up.  This is particularly because tone is not given appropriate emphasis in the linguistic courses taught in our universities both at undergraduate and postgraduate levels.  This continues to happen despite the fact that many African languages are tone languages.  As a result, our graduates usually find themselves ill-prepared to handle issues of tone, even in their mother tongues.  Though some of them may be able to provide pairs of words that differ minimally in tone, majority of them cannot say which melodies are associated with which segments in the words.  In other words, they have not been trained to ‘hear’ and categorise tone.

Key words: Kikamba, tone, language, Kenya


Author Biography

Angelina Nduku Kioko, United States International University - Africa

Angelina Nduku Kioko is a Professor of English and Linguistics at the United States International University – Africa (USIU-A). She holds a Bachelor of Education and Master of Arts degrees both of the University of Nairobi- Kenya and a Doctor of Philosophy in linguistics of Monash University – Australia. She has been teaching and supervising research at university level for the last 32 years, first at Kenyatta University and now at United States International University.  Her interests and publications are in syntax, morphophonology, sociolinguistics and English language teaching/learning materials. Her current research interests are in the field of language and education in multilingual contexts with an emphasis on the place of home language in early literacy.


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1998-1279