Foreign Aid, NGO's and the social contract: Wanting to help, ignoring long-term effects

  • Devon Knudsen Ochieng United States International University Kenya


This paper aims to review and add to the academic literature criticizing how foreign aid acts as an obstacle to African states in the development of a social contract between state and citizens. In the model contract, the government provides social services in exchange for tax revenue, the right to call upon citizens for national defense, and general adherence to basic rules.  However, foreign aid enables the evolution of an entirely different social contract in contemporary African states which involves new actors and exchanges. This paper examines how this new social contract impacts taxes, military service and governance and hopes to prove that the aid-supported social contract has negative long-term effects on African states.

Key words: Aid, poverty, social contract, governance

Author Biography

Devon Knudsen Ochieng, United States International University Kenya

Devon Knudsen Ochieng, MSc African Politics, School of Oriental and African Studies, Lecturer of International Relations at the United States International University.


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1998-1279