PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH

Journal of Pharmaceutical and Allied Sciences

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Nasal carriage of methicilli-resistant staphylococcus aureus with reduced vancomycin susceptibility [mrsa-rvs] by healthy adults in Zaria, Nigeria.

OS Olonitola, BO Olayinka, MJ Salawu, SE Yakubu

Abstract


Staphylococcus aureus isolates were collected from anterior nares of fifty healthy adults in Zaria and their antibiotic susceptibility patterns determined. Seventy-two percent (72%) of the isolates were methicillin-resistant S. aureus, while 20% were methicillin-susceptible. The isolates were generally resistant to multiple antibiotics including chloramphenicol [78% resistance], penicillin [100% resistance], and tetracycline [66% resistance]. Vancomycin susceptibility studies revealed that 86% of the isolates were Vancomycin intermediate. There is a need to observe antibiotic use policies faithfully in order to prevent the spread of resistances.



http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/jophas.v3i2.48442
AJOL African Journals Online