Journal of Pharmacy & Bioresources

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Prevalence of Yersinia enterocolitica among patients in Jos and environs

Yvonne T Kandakai-Olukemi, Moses S Okewu, John D Mawak, Moses A Olukemi, Hosea J Zumbes


An investigation on the prevalence and antibiogram of Yersinia enterocolitica among patients in Jos and Environs was conducted. A total of 150 stool samples collected from three hospitals namely: Jos University Teaching Hospital (JUTH), Vom Christian Hospital and National Veterinary Research Institute Diagnostic Laboratory, Vom were screened for Yersinia enterocolitica. Isolates were identified using standard biochemical tests. 64 (42.6%) of these samples were from male patients while 86 (57.35%) were from female patients. Five (5) Yersinia enterocolitica isolates were identified. Out of which 4 (6.3%) were recovered from male patients while 1 (1.2%) was recovered from a female. The difference is not statistically significant (P>0.05). Watery and soft stool samples yielded 2 isolates each accounting for the highest isolation among the various forms of stool samples. Age groups 31-40 and 41-50 years yielded two isolates each while one (1) was isolated from the age group 51-60 years. The five (5) isolates were found to be sensitive to gentamicin only. Two isolates were sensitive to chloramphenicol and streptomycin while only one (1) was sensitive to tetracycline.
Key Words: Yersinia enterocolitica; Prevalence; Antibiogram; Jos.
Journal of Pharmacy and Bioresources Vol.1(1) 2004: 46-50
AJOL African Journals Online