Tree species composition within Kano State University of science and Technology Wudil, Kano State, Nigeria
The study accessed the tree species composition within the Kano State University of Science and Technology Wudil, Kano State, Nigeria with the view of providing information that will help in the management and conservation of tree species within the campus. The study area was stratified into four (4) sections from which total enumeration of tree species was carried out. Results from the study shows that, there are 8267 tree stands, representing 43 tree species cutting across 21 family and 37 genera. Azadirachta indica recorded the highest frequency and percentage frequency of 3959 and 47.89% respectively while Borassus aethiopum, Celtis integrifolia and Sclerocarya birrea recorded the lowest frequency and percentage frequency of 1 and 0.01% respectively. The family Fabaceae recorded the highest frequency and percentage frequency of 11 and 52.38% respectively while Anonaceae, Apocynaceae, Arecoideae, Balanitaceae, Bignoiaceae, Ebenaceae, Lamiaceae, Rhamnaceae, Sapotaceae, Ulmaceae and Verbenaceae recorded the lowest number of representation of 1 and 4.76% frequency and percentage frequency respectively. Notwithstanding the large number of tree stands recorded, majority of which were exotic trees, the various distribution pattern of the various parameters accessed was typical of savanna vegetation. Concerted effort should be made for the conservation of these species, most especially the indigenous ones, some of which might be extinct in the campus if adequate measures are not taken.
Keywords: Tree species composition, Savanna, Indigenous tree species, Forest Conservation