Phytochemistry of methanol seed extract of Abrus precatorius and its effect on spermatogenesis in rats

  • M.B. Mahre
  • B Umaru
  • N.A. Ojo
  • D Yahi
  • A.S. Sa’idu
  • A.S. Musa
  • O.O. Bukola
Keywords: Abrus precatorius, acute toxicity, phytochemical constituents, spermatogenesis

Abstract

The methanol seed extract of Abrus precatorius was studied for its acute toxicity and its effect on spermatogenesis in rats as well as its phytochemical constituents. The results of this investigation showed that the LD50 of the methanol seed extract following oral administration was above 5000 mg/kg showing low toxicity. Histological studies of the liver, kidneys and testes of the rats treated with the various oral doses (10 - 5000 mg/kg body weight) showed no remarkable changes in the hepatocytes, kidney cells and testes compared to the control. The effects on sperm cells did not show any significant increase in total sperm head counts. The Phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of pharmacologically active compounds such as reducing sugars, tannins, cardiac glycosides, terpenoids, saponins and flavonoids. In conclusion, the methanol seed extract of Abrus precatorius contain important phytochemical constituents possessing pharmacological activities and it is relatively safe but has no effects on sperm cell production.

Keywords: Abrus precatorius, acute toxicity, phytochemical constituents, spermatogenesis

Published
2017-04-24
Section
Articles

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print ISSN: 2141-1778